例題 １〈初級問題 ６３〉
To prepare for an earthquake, we can firmly fix large furniture to the wall to prevent it from falling onto people. Moreover, we should avoid placing large furniture in the bedroom or a room where young children or seniors spend the day.
George: “The earthquake last night really scared me. I ran out of my apartment to the street.”
Makoto: “Really? It wasn’t a big earthquake. It was just scale three.”
George: “It was big enough for me. A couple of books fell down from the bookcase.”
Makoto: “A bigger earthquake can happen anytime here. I tell you what you should do. I think1 you should firmly fix your furniture to the wall and move any large furniture out of your bedroom.”
George: “Thanks. A good advice. But do you really believe a big earthquake will hit here anytime?
Makoto: “Yes, I do believe so2. Big earthquakes have hit this area regularly in the past. And we have already entered into a risky period.”
1. これから話すことは自分の意見だということをはっきりさせるためには、話をI think ~, I believe ~, In my opinion, My view is ~などで始めます。
2. 相手の質問にたいして、Yes, Noで自分の立場をはっきりさせてから返答します。
例題 ２（初級練習問題 ７０）
国際教育到達度評価学会(the International Association for the Evaluation of Education Achievement)が平成１１年に行った国際数学・理科教育調査の結果によると、我が国の小学生、中学生は知識・技能の習得の程度において国際的に見て上位に位置しています。また過去に行った中学校の数学・理科のテスト問題と同じ問題の正答率を比較しても低下傾向は見られません。
In 1999, the International Association for the Evaluation of Education Achievement conducted an international test of the level of knowledge and skills in mathematics and natural sciences of students in primary and junior high schools. The survey results show that Japanese students ranked high internationally. When we compare the percentage of right answers junior high school students got this year with that of the same tests conducted before 1999, we do not see any decrease in the percentage this year.
George: “Makoto, I’ve heard that primary and high school students in Japan are not good at mathematics and natural sciences. What do you think??
Makoto: “Well, it is a big topic. We must make the issue more specific…if we want to have meaningful discussions. In short, however, I think Japanese primary and high school students are good at mathematics and natural sciences. I’ll tell you why I think so1. There is an international organization called the International Association for the Evaluation of Education Achievement. This organization conducts international tests of various subjects. In 1999, it conducted international tests of mathematics and natural sciences for primary and junior high school students. Japanese students ranked high in the world.
George: “I see. By the way, are you good at math?”
Makoto: “Oh, it is a completely different issue.”
On February 13, the University of Kagawa and the Kagawa Board of Education jointly announced that the university would open some of its lectures to high school students in the prefecture during the next academic year. They hope that this will provide high school students with opportunities to experience university education and research first hand and encourage their interest in higher learning.
Makoto: “Hi, George, where have you been?”
George: “Hello Makoto. I just went to a university campus down there. I have a friend teaching there. He complained to me that now students don’t study as hard as they used to.”
Makoto: “Well, I don’t know. Perhaps, they have more things to do now. But I know some people are concerned some high school students go to university but don’t know what to do at university.”
George: “That’s a big problem. Their parents spend a lot of money on sending their kids to university, don’t they?”
Makoto: “Yes, they do. By the way, I read an interesting article on this subject in the newspaper. The Tokushima University is opening some of its lectures to high school students1. High school students can sit in the class and find out what university lectures look like2. The Kagawa Board of Education is helping this project too. They hope this project will encourage high school students come to university to do serious study.3”
George: “That’s interesting. But do you think the project can really motivate high school students go to university?”
Makoto: “I believe so. When I was applying for a university, I visited several campuses but never had a chance to sit in the university lecture4.”
George: “If you had sat in the university lecture, what could have happened to you?”
Makoto: “Well, I guess I could have been a better student.
4. これは意見ですね。先ず自分の立場を述べ(I believe so.)それからその理由をせつめいします。