ƒgƒbƒvƒy[ƒW‚É–ß‚é

ã‹‰—ûK–â‘č‚Ė“Yí

—ûK–â‘č@‚P@uƒpƒ‰ƒTƒCƒg@ƒVƒ“ƒOƒ‹v  

(02 Oct 02) (28 Oct 06) (29 Feb 08) (25 Aug 08) (23 March 11) (24 Aug 12) (31 March 13)

 

—ûK–â‘č@‚Q@uŽRŠx‹~•‚Ė”ï—pv

(02 Oct 02) (30 Oct 06) (6 Mar 08) (27 Aug 08) (1 Feb 11) (25 March 11) (31 March 13)

 

—ûK–â‘č@‚R@uŒĩ‚ĩ‚Ē‚‘ē‚ĖAEŽsęv

(12 Sept 02) (11 Nov 03) (22 Mar 08) (29 Aug 08) (4 May 13)

 

—ûK–â‘č@‚S@uƒCƒ^ƒŠƒA”_—ŅČ‚ĖĒŠE‚ĖƒCƒ^ƒŠƒA—ŋ—“XŠi•t‚Ŋv

(15 Sept 02) (2 Nov 06)  (24 Mar 08) (4 Sept 08) (28 March 11) (19 Sept 12) (8 June 13)

 

—ûK–â‘č@‚T@u‘‚­‚ą‚Æ‚ðdŽ‹‚·‚é‹ģˆįv

(30 Oct 02) (8 Nov 03) (14 April 05) (27 Apr 08) (15 Sept 08) (7 Feb 10) (1 June 10) (3 April 11)

(20 Aug 12) (28 July 13)

 

—ûK–â‘č@‚P@uƒpƒ‰ƒTƒCƒg@ƒVƒ“ƒOƒ‹v

‹ß”NAe‚Æ“Ŋ‹‚ĩAŠî‘b“IķŠˆðŒ‚ðe‚Ɉˑķ‚ĩ‚Ä‚Ē‚éA20‘ãŒã”ž‚Đ‚į30‘ã‚Ė–ĒĨŽŌ‚Š‘‚Ķ‚Ä‚Ē‚éBiƒpƒ‰ƒTƒCƒgEƒVƒ“ƒOƒ‹‚Æ‚ā‚Ē‚í‚ę‚Ä‚Ē‚éjB1998”N‚Ė­•{‚Ė’ēļ‚É‚æ‚é‚ƁA25Î‚Đ‚į49Î‚Ė–ĒĨŽŌ‚Őe‚Đ‚įŒoÏ“I‰‡•‚ðŽó‚Ŋ‚Ä‚Ē‚él‚ĖŠ„‡‚́A’jŦ‚Å30“A—Ŧ‚Å40“‚Æ‚Č‚Á‚Ä‚Ļ‚čA‚ģ‚į‚ɁAe‚ɐg‚Ė‰ņ‚č‚ĖĒ˜b‚ð‚ĩ‚Ä‚ā‚į‚Á‚Ä‚Ē‚él‚ĖŠ„‡‚́A’jŦ‚Å52“A—Ŧ‚Å73“‚É‚Ė‚Ú‚Á‚Ä‚Ē‚éB

 

ƒpƒ‰ƒTƒCƒgEƒVƒ“ƒOƒ‹‚ŠŒ‹Ĩ‚ĩ“Æ—§‚ĩ‚Č‚Ē”wŒi‚Æ‚ĩ‚āA‚Į‚Ė‚æ‚Ī‚ȍl‚Ķ•û‚Š‹­‚­“­‚Ē‚Ä‚Ē‚é‚ÆŽv‚Ī‚Đ‚ðq‚Ë‚―‚Æ‚ą‚ëi•Ą”‰ņ“šjAuŒoÏ“I‚ÉŠy‚ȐķŠˆ‚ð‘—‚ę‚é‚Đ‚įv‚Š‚ā‚Á‚Æ‚ā‚‚­63“AŽŸ‚Ē‚Łu‰ÆŽ–“™‚Ėg‚Ė‰ņ‚č‚ĖĒ˜b‚ðe‚Š‚ĩ‚Ä‚­‚ę‚é‚Đ‚įv‚Š60“AuŒ‹Ĩ‚ĩ‚―‚­‚Ä‚ā“K“–‚ČŒ‹Ĩ‘ŠŽč‚Š‚Ē‚Č‚Ē‚Đ‚įv‚Š44“‚Æ‚Č‚Á‚Ä‚Ē‚éB

 

“ĮŽŌ‚Đ‚į‚Ė“Še@‚Wimxtomi,  31 March 13j

 

"Parasite Singles"

 

The past few years have seen an increased number of "parasite singles" (unmarried adults in their late 20fs and 30fs who live with and remain dependent on their parents). According to a government survey in 1998, 30% of single males and 40% of single females aged between 25 and 49 lived off their parents, while 52% of single males and 73 % of single females were taken care of by their parents. 

 

In answer to the survey question as to what kept them from getting married and leaving the nest (multiple answers allowed), 63% of the respondents said gI can be financially better off staying single.h 60% of them answered gMy parents willingly take care of me, relieving me from household chores.h followed by 44% saying gIn the first place, I cannot find right person to marry yet.h

 

“Yí

 

"Parasite Singles"

 

The past few years have seen an increaseding number of "parasite singles" (unmarried adults in their late 20fs and 30fs who live with and remain dependent on their parents). According to a government survey in 1998, 30% of single males and 40% of single females aged between 25 and 49 lived off with financial support from their parents, while 52% of single males and 73 % of single females were taken care of by their parents. 

 

In answer to the survey question as to what kept them from getting married and leaving their parents nest (multiple answers allowed), 63% of the respondents said, gI can be financially better off staying single.;h 60% of them answered, gMy parents willingly take care of me, relieving me from household chores.;h and followed by 44% said, saying gIn the first place, I cannot find the right person to marry yet.h

 

ƒRƒƒ“ƒg

 

“ā—e‚Ė‚·‚Ũ‚Ä‚Š‚í‚Đ‚č‚Ü‚·B

 

“YíŒã‚Ė•ķÍ

 

"Parasite Singles"

 

The past few years have seen an increasing number of "parasite singles" (unmarried adults in their late 20fs and 30fs who live with and remain dependent on their parents). According to a government survey in 1998, 30% of single males and 40% of single females aged between 25 and 49 lived with financial support from their parents, while 52% of single males and 73 % of single females were taken care of by their parents. 

 

In answer to the survey question as to what kept them from getting married and leaving their parents  (multiple answers allowed), 63% of the respondents said, gI can be financially better off staying single;h  60% of them answered, gMy parents willingly take care of me, relieving me from household chores;h  and  44% said, g I cannot find the right person to marry yet.h

 

 

“ĮŽŌ‚Đ‚į‚Ė“Še@‚Vieco, 24 August 12j

 

"Parasite Single" 

 

In recent years there is growing number of unmarried persons in their late twenties and thirties who live with their parents and depend on them for basic sustenance. (They are called gparasite singlesh. The Japanese government conducted a survey in 1998 on the unmarried people aging from 25 to 49 years old. According to the survey, the ratio of men who receive financial support from parents is 30 %, women 40%, and of men who have their parents take personal care 52% and women as high as 73%. 

 

To the question of what kind of thoughts motivated them not to get married to become independent (multiple replies allowed), the highest answer at 63% was gbeing able to live financially comfortable lifeh, the next 60% gparents being able to take personal care including house hold choresh and 44% gnot being able to find a suitable candidate for marriage.h

 

“Yí

 

"Parasite Singles1" 

 

In recent years there is a growing number of unmarried persons in their late twenties and thirties who live with their parents and depend on them for their basic sustenance. (They are called gparasite singlesh. The Japanese government conducted a survey in 1998 on the unmarried people aged aging between from 25 to 49 years old2. According to the survey, the percentage ratio3 of men who received financial support from their parents was is 30 %, women 40%, and of men whose have their parents took take personal care of them 52% and women whose parents did the same as high as 73%. 

 

To the question of what kind of thoughts motivated them not to get married and to become stay independent4 (multiple replies allowed), the highest answer at 63% was gbeing able to live a financially comfortable life (63%)h, the next second highest was 60% gparents being able to take personal care of us including house hold chores (60%),h and the third highest was 44% gnot being able to find a suitable candidate for marriage (44%).h

 

ƒRƒƒ“ƒg

 

“ā—e‚Ė‚·‚Ũ‚Ä‚Š‚í‚Đ‚č‚Ü‚·B

 

1.       ‚ą‚Ė‚æ‚Ī‚Čƒ^ƒCƒgƒ‹‚É‚Í’Ęí•Ą”Œ`‚ð‚‚ЂĒ‚Ü‚·B

 

2.       aged‚Æ‚ ‚é‚Ė‚Åyears old‚Í—v‚č‚Ü‚đ‚ņB

 

3.       “ú–{Œę‚ł́uŠ„‡v‚ðƒp[ƒZƒ“ƒg‚ɈӖĄ‚É‚āŽg‚Ē‚Ü‚·‚ŠA‰pŒę‚Å‚Ía ratio‚Íone out of five, 0.25 (one out of four)‚ÉŽg‚ĒA‚Q‚O“‚Ípercentage‚É‚Č‚č‚Ü‚·B

 

4.       to get married to become independent‚Íto get married and to become independent‚ĖˆÓ–Ą‚Š‚·‚Ū‚É‚í‚Đ‚č‚Ü‚·‚ŠAnot to get married to become independent‚Ínot to get married and to become independent‚Đnot to get married and not to become independent‚Đˆę“Į‚Å‚Í‚Á‚Ŧ‚č‚ĩ‚Ü‚đ‚ņB

 

“YíŒã‚Ė•ķÍ

 

"Parasite Singles1" 

 

In recent years there is a growing number of unmarried persons in their late twenties and thirties who live with their parents and depend on them for their basic sustenance. They are called gparasite singlesh. The Japanese government conducted a survey in 1998 on the unmarried people aged between 25 to 49. According to the survey, the percentage of men who received financial support from their parents was 30 %, women 40%, and  men whose  parents took personal care of them 52% and women whose parents did the same 73%. 

 

To the question of what kind of thoughts motivated them not to get married and to stay dependent (multiple replies allowed), the highest answer was gbeing able to live a financially comfortable life (63%)h, the second  highest was  gparents being able to take personal care of us including household chores (60%),h and the third highest was gnot being able to find a suitable candidate for marriage (44%).h

 

 

 

“ĮŽŌ‚Đ‚į‚Ė“Še@‚UiLucca, 23 March 11j

 

Recent years, there are more and more unmarried people from late twenties to thirties. Most of them live with their parents and are dependent on their parents for basic living conditions. (They are said parasite single.) According to the government survey in 1998, people between the age of 25 and 49 are unmarried. 30% of male and 40% of female are supported economically by their parents. Furthermore 52% of male and 73% of female are taken personal care by their parents.

 

The government also asks them further questions how thinking they have strongly as the background of why parasite singles do not marry and stand on their own foot. The highest response is that 63% of people said to economically live in comfort. The second is that 60% of people said that their parents take personal care of them such as housework. And 44% of people said not to find right person even if they want to marry.

 

“Yí

 

Recent years, there are more and more unmarried people from in their late twenties to thirties. Most of them live with their parents and are dependent on their parents for basic living conditions necessities. (They are said called gparasite singles1h.) According to the a government survey in 1998, among unmarried people between the age of 25 and 492 are unmarried., 30% of males and 40% of females are supported economically by their parents. Furthermore 52% of males and 73% of females are taken personal3 care by their parents.

 

The government survey also asksed4them major reasons further questions how thinking they have strongly as the background of why parasite singles do did not marry and stand stood on their own foot. The highest response (63%) is was that 63% of people said to they could economically live in comfort with their parents5 The second highest (60%) was is that 60% of people said that their parents could take personal care of them such as housework. The third highest (And 44%) of people said was that thy could not to find right persons to get married even if they wanted to marry.

 

ƒRƒƒ“ƒg

 

people between the age of 25 and 49 are unmarried‚Ė•”•Š‚Ė‘ž‚Í‘‚Ä‚Ė“ā—e‚Š‚í‚Đ‚č‚Ü‚·B

 

1.       “ú–{‚Å‚æ‚­Žg‚í‚ę‚éV‚ĩ‚Ē‘ĒŒę‚Å‚·A‚Æ‚Ē‚ĪˆÓ–Ą‚ÅŠ‡ŒĘ‚Ė’†‚É“ü‚ę‚é‚Æ‚æ‚Ē‚Å‚ĩ‚å‚ĪBƒpƒ‰ƒTƒCƒgƒVƒ“ƒOƒ‹‚͉pŒę‚ðŒģ‚É‚ĩ‚―‘ĒŒę‚Č‚Ė‚ŁA‰pŒę•\Œŧ‚Å‚Íparasite singles‚Æ•Ą”Œ`‚É‚Č‚č‚Ü‚·B

 

2.       “Yí‚Ė‚æ‚Ī‚ȏCü‹å‚É‚·‚é‚ƁAŽŸ‚Ė•ķ‚ɂ‚ȂŠ‚č‚Ü‚·B

 

3.       is taken care of‚Ší“…‹å‚Č‚Ė‚Åpersonal‚ð“ü‚ę‚Č‚Ē•û‚Š‚æ‚Ē‚Å‚ĩ‚å‚ĪB

 

4.       ‰ß‹Ž‚Ė’ēļ‚Č‚Ė‚ʼnߋŽŒ`‚É‚ĩ‚Ü‚·B’ēļ‚Ė“ā—e‚ŠŒŧÝ‚Å‚āģ‚ĩ‚Ē‚ā‚Ė‚Å‚āA‰p•ķ‚Å‚Í’ēļ‚Š‚Ļ‚ą‚Č‚í‚ę‚―‚Ė‚Š‰ß‹Ž‚Ė‚Č‚Ė‚ŁA‚ą‚ę‚ā‰ß‹ŽŒ`‚Å•\Œŧ‚·‚é‚Ė‚Šˆę”Ę“I‚Å‚·B

 

5.       The highest response is that 63% of people said to economically live in comfort.‚Í“ņ‚‚Ė“ā—e‚ðŽ‚Á‚Ä‚Ē‚Ü‚·Bthe highest response was 63%. (In this response) people said ~.“Še‚Ė‚Ü‚Ü‚Å‚ā“ā—e‚Í‚í‚Đ‚č‚Ü‚·‚ŠA“Yí‚Ė‚Ų‚Ī‚Š‚í‚Đ‚č‚â‚·‚Ē‚Å‚ĩ‚å‚ĪB‚ā‚Īˆę‚‚Ė•\Œŧ•û–@‚Í 63% Sixty-three percent of people said they could economically live in comfort. ‚Æ‚ĩ‚Ü‚·B”Žš‚ÅŽn‚Ü‚é‰p•ķ‚Í“Į‚Ý‚É‚­‚Ē‚Ė‚ŁA‚ą‚Ė‚æ‚Ī‚É•\Œŧ‚ĩ‚Ü‚·B‚ą‚Ī‚·‚é‚ÆŽO”Ô–Ú‚Ė——R‚Æ‚Ļ‚Č‚ķŒ`ŽŪ‚É‚Č‚č‚Ü‚·BŽO‚‚Ė——R‚Í“Ŋ‚ķ•\ŒŧŒ`ŽŪ‚É‚ĩ‚―‚Ų‚Ī‚Š‚í‚Đ‚č‚â‚·‚­‚Č‚č‚Ü‚·B

 

“YíŒã‚Ė•ķÍ

 

Recent years, there are more and more unmarried people in their late twenties to thirties. Most of them live with their parents and are dependent on their parents for basic living  necessities. (They are called gparasite singlesh.) According to a government survey in 1998, among unmarried people between the age of 25 and 49, 30% of males and 40% of females are supported economically by their parents. Furthermore 52% of males and 73% of females are taken care by their parents.

 

The survey also asked them major reasons why parasite singles did not marry and stood on their own foot. The highest response (63%) was that they could economically live in comfort with their parents. The second highest (60%) was that their parents could take care of them such as housework. The third highest ( 44%)  was that thy could not to find right persons to get married even if they wanted to marry.

 

 

“ĮŽŌ‚Đ‚į‚Ė“Še@‚TiP&C, 25 Aug 08j

 

"Parasite Single"

 

In recent years, the number of unmarried people in late twenties to in thirties, who live with their parents and depend on their parents for their everyday lives, has been increasing. (They are sometimes called parasite single.) According to government's survey in 1998, the number of people who obtain economical support from their parents amounts 30 per cents in male and 40 per cents in female and the number of people who are taken care of by their parents amounts 52 per cents in male and 73 per cents in female of the number of unmarried man and woman of 25 to 49 years old.

 

Moreover the survey also asked parasite singles what ideas prevent them from marrying and standing on their own feet. They could reply with plural answers : the number of people who reply "because they can live in easy circumstances" is 63 per cents, "because their parents take care of them" is 60 per cents and "because they want to marry but don't have proper partner" is 44 per cents.

 

“Yí

 

"Parasite Singles1"

 

In recent years, the number of unmarried people in their late twenties to in thirties, who live with their parents and depend on their parents for their everyday lives life, has been increasing. (Tthey are sometimes called parasite singles.).  According to a government's survey in 1998, the number of people who received obtain economical support from their parents amountsed 30 per cents in males and 40 per cents in females among singles between the age of 25 and 492. Among the same group, and the number of people who were are taken care of by their parents amountsed 52 per cents in males and 73 per cents in females of the number of unmarried man and woman of 25 to 49 years old.

 

Moreover3 tThe survey also asked parasite singles what ideas prevented them from getting married marrying and standing on their own feet. They could reply with plural answers4. : tThey gave the following answers:

 

1.       number of people who reply "because they I can live in easyier because my parents support me economically ( circumstances" is 63 per cent)s,

2.       "because  I can live easier because my parents take care of me their parents take care of them" is( 60 per cents) ,and

3.       "because they  I want to get married marry but cannot find a don't have proper partner" is( 44 per cents).

 

ƒRƒƒ“ƒg

 

“ā—e‚Ė‘‚Ä‚Š‚í‚Đ‚č‚܁B‘æˆę’i—Ž‚Í“ā—e‚ŠŪ—‚ģ‚ę‚Ä‚Ē‚Ä‚í‚Đ‚č‚â‚·‚Ē‚Å‚·‚ŠA‘æ“ņ’i—Ž‚͍\Ž‚Š•ĄŽG‚Å‚í‚Đ‚č“ï‚Ē‚Å‚·‚ˁB

 

1.       ƒpƒ‰ƒTƒCƒgEƒVƒ“ƒOƒ‹‘S‘Ė‚ðŽw‚·‚Ė‚Å•Ą”Œ`‚É‚ĩ‚Ü‚·B

 

2.       •ķ‚ð“ņ‚‚ɕŠ‚Ŋ‚Ä‚ą‚Ėu25Î‚Đ‚į49Î‚Ė–ĒĨŽŌv‚Æ‚Ē‚Ī‚ą‚Æ‚Š—Į‚­‚í‚Đ‚é‚æ‚Ī‚Č”z’u‚É‚ĩ‚Ü‚·B

 

3.       moreover‚͈ę‚‚Ė‚ą‚Æ‚ðq‚ŨA‚ŧ‚ę‚ÆŠÖ˜A‚ĩ‚―‚ą‚ƂŁu‚ŧ‚Ėã‚Ɂv‚Æ‚Č‚č‚Ü‚·B‚ą‚ą‚Å‚Í‘åˆę’i—Ž‚Ė“Œv‚Ė— ‚ĖŽ–î‚ð•·‚Ē‚Ä‚Ē‚é‚Ė‚Å‚·‚ŠAalso‚Š‚ ‚é‚Ė‚Åmoreover‚Í—v‚į‚Č‚Ē‚Å‚ĩ‚å‚ĪB

 

4.       They could reply plural answers: ~‚Æ‚·‚é‚ƁA~@‚Ė‚Æ‚ą‚ë‚É•Ą”‰ņ“š‚ð•Ā‚Ũ‚Ü‚·‚ŠA‚ą‚ą‚Å‚Í•Ą”‰ņ“š‚Ėƒp[ƒZƒ“ƒg‚ð‹Lq‚ĩ‚Ä‚Ē‚é‚Ė‚ŁA‚ą‚Ė•ķÍ\Ž‚͈á˜aŠī‚ðķ‚ķ‚Ü‚·BThey could reply plural answers.‚Í•Ą”‰ņ“š‰Â”\A‚Æ‚Ē‚Ī‚ą‚Æ‚ū‚Ŋ‚ðq‚ŨA‰ņ“š‚Ė“Œv‚Í“Yí‚Ė‚æ‚Ī‚ÉThe gave the following answers: ~‚Æ‚·‚é‚Æ‚æ‚Ē‚Å‚ĩ‚å‚ĪB

 

“YíŒã‚Ė•ķÍ

 

"Parasite Singles1"

 

In recent years, the number of unmarried people in their late twenties to  thirties who live with their parents and depend on their parents for their everyday  life has been increasing (they are sometimes called parasite singles).  According to a government's survey in 1998, the number of people who received economical support from their parents amounted 30 per cent in males and 40 per cent in females among singles between the age of 25 and 49. Among the same group,  the number of people who were taken care of by their parents amounted 52 per cent in males and 73 per cent in females .

 

The survey also asked parasite singles what  prevented them from getting married  and standing on their own feet. They could reply  plural answers.  They gave the following answers:

 

1.        I can live  easier because my parents support me economically (63 per cent),

2.        I can live easier because my parents take care of me (60 per cent), and

3.        I want to get married  but cannot find a  proper partner (44 per cent).

 

 

“ĮŽŌ‚Đ‚į‚Ė“Še@‚SiKalo, 29 February 08j

 

"Parasite Singles"

 

An increasing number of single people in their late 20s and 30s are living with their parents. They depend on their parents for most of their basic needs, so they are called "parasite singles."

 

A survey was conducted by the government in 1998 to clarify the status quo of "parasite singles" aged 25 to 49. It revealed that 30 percent male and 40 percent female respondents were financially supported by their parents and also 52 percent male and 73 percent female were looked after by their parents.

 

The respondents also gave the reasons why they remained single and continued to live with their parents as follows (multiple answers allowed):

 

1) They can spend their money on anything as they like (63%),

2) Their parents are willing to look after them (60%) and

3) They can't find a suitable marriage partner (44%).

 

“Yí

 

"Parasite Singles"

 

An increasing number of single people in their late 20s and 30s are living with their parents. They depend on their parents for most of their basic needs, so they are called "parasite singles."

 

A survey was conducted by the government in 1998 to clarify the status current conditions1 quo of "parasite singles" aged 25 to 49. It The survey revealed that 30 percent of male and 40 percent of female respondents were financially supported by their parents and also that2 52 percent of male and 73 percent of female respondents3 were looked after by their parents.

 

The respondents also gave the reasons why they remained single and continued to live with their parents as follows (multiple answers allowed):

 

1) They can spend their money on anything as they like (63%),

2) Their parents are willing to look after them (60%) and

3) They can't find a suitable marriage partner (44%).

 

ƒRƒƒ“ƒg

 

“ā—e‚Ė‘‚Ä‚Š‚í‚Đ‚č‚Ü‚·B”Žš‚Ė‘―‚Ē•ķÍ‚Å‚·‚ŠA‚æ‚­Ū—‚ģ‚ę‚Ä‚Ē‚é‚Ė‚Å“Į‚Ý‚â‚·‚Ē‚Å‚·B

 

1.       Collins-COBUILD‚Ístatus quo‚ðŽŸ‚Ė‚æ‚Ī‚ɐā–ū‚ĩ‚Ä‚Ē‚Ü‚·BuŒŧóˆÛŽv‚Č‚Į‚ĖuŒŧóv‚Ė‘Š‰ž‚ĩ‚Ü‚·B

The status quo is the state of affairs that exists at a particular time, especially in contrast to a different possible state of affairs. Examples.

By 492 votes to 391, the federation voted to maintain the status quo.

They have no wish for any change in the status quo.

We must not return to the status quo.

 

2.       the survey‚Ė“ā—e‚ðthat A and that B‚Æ‚·‚é‚Æ‚í‚Đ‚č‚â‚·‚­‚Č‚č‚Ü‚·B

 

3.       respondents‚Š–ģ‚Ē‚Æ52 percent of males and 73 percent of females‚Æ‚Č‚č‚Ü‚·B

 

“YíŒã‚Ė•ķÍ

 

"Parasite Singles"

 

An increasing number of single people in their late 20s and 30s are living with their parents. They depend on their parents for most of their basic needs, so they are called "parasite singles."

 

A survey was conducted by the government in 1998 to clarify the current conditions of "parasite singles" aged 25 to 49. The survey revealed that 30 percent of male and 40 percent of female respondents were financially supported by their parents and that 52 percent of male and 73 percent of female respondents were looked after by their parents.

 

The respondents also gave the reasons why they remained single and continued to live with their parents as follows (multiple answers allowed):

 

1) They can spend their money as they like (63%),

2) Their parents are willing to look after them (60%) and

3) They can't find a suitable marriage partner (44%).

 

 

“ĮŽŌ‚Đ‚į‚Ė“Še@‚RiYASUKUN, 28 October 06j

 

Parasite singles

  

These days, the number of unmarried women in their late their twenties and thirties, who live in their parents' house and rely on their salary, is increasing. (We call them parasite singles). According to a survey by the government in 1988, the percentage of unmarried people from 25 to 49 years old, who require their parents' economic aids, was 30% in male, and 40% in female. And the rate of those whom their parents are looking after was 52% in male, and 73% in female.

  

The answers for what caused these parasite singles not to marry were as follows. The top reasons that 63% of respondents mentioned was "I can lead more comfortable lives". And the other main reasons were "My parents can take care of me" answered by 60% of them, and "Nobody marry me though I want" by 44%.

 

“Yí

 

gParasite sSinglesh

  

These days, the number of unmarried women young persons in their late their twenties and thirties, who live in their parents' house and heavily rely on their parents for daily necessities salary1, is increasing. (Wwe call them parasite singles)2. According to a survey by the government in 1988, the percentage of unmarried people from between 25 to and 49 years old,  who require their parents' economic assistance aids from their parents3, was 30% in males,  and 40% in females. And the rate percentage of those whom their parents are looking after was 52% in males , and 73% in females.

  

The answers for given for the reasons why4 what caused these parasite singles did not to marry were as follows. : The top reasons that (63%) of respondents mentioned was, "I can lead a more comfortable lives life". And the oOther main reasons were, "My parents can take care of me (60%)," answered by 60% of them, and "Nobody marry marries5 me though I want to" by (44%).h6

 

ƒRƒƒ“ƒg

 

1.       uŠî‘b“IķŠˆðŒ‚ðe‚Ɉˑķ‚ĩ‚Ä‚Ē‚év‚ŧ‚Ī‚Č‚Ė‚Å‹ā‘K“I‚Č‚ą‚Æ‚ū‚Ŋ‚Å‚Č‚­Ag‚Ė‰ņ‚č‚ĖĒ˜b‚ā‚ĩ‚Ä‚ā‚į‚Á‚Ä‚Ē‚Ü‚·‚ˁB

 

2.       Š‡ŒĘ–ģ‚ĩ‚Å“Æ—§‚Ė•ķ‚É‚·‚é‚ЁA‚Ü‚―‚ÍŠ‡ŒĘ‚ð‚‚Ŋ‚Ä‘O‚Ė•ķ‚É“ü‚ę‚āA‚ą‚Ė•ķ‚Ė•â‘Ŧā–ū‚É‚ĩ‚Ü‚·B

 

3.       require {–Ú“IŒę‚ĖŒ`‚Ė‘ž“ŪŽŒ‚Å‚·‚Đ‚įA“ŪŽŒ‚ĖŽŸ‚É‚·‚Ū‚É‚í‚Đ‚č‚â‚·‚Ē–Ú“IŒę‚Š‚­‚é‚æ‚Ī‚É‚·‚é‚Æ“ā—e‚Š‚Í‚Á‚Ŧ‚č‚ĩ‚Ü‚·B–Ú“IŒę‚ðtheir parentsf economic aid‚Æ‚·‚é‚Ætheir parentsf‚Æ‚Ē‚Ī‹å‚Šeconomic aid iaid‚Í•s‰ÁŽZ–žŽŒ‚Æ‚ĩ‚Ä’P”‚ÅŽg‚Ē‚Ü‚·j‚Ė‘O‚É‚ ‚č‚Ü‚·‚ˁBrequire economic assistance from their parents‚Æ‚·‚é‚ƁA“ŪŽŒ‚ĖŽŸ‚É–Ú“IŒęeconomic assistance‚Š—ˆ‚Ü‚·Bfrom their parents‚Í•â‘Ŧ‚Å‚·BŨ‚Đ‚Č‚ą‚Æ‚Å‚·‚ŠA‰pŒę‚ð•ęŒę‚Æ‚·‚él‚́u“ŪŽŒ{–Ú“IŒęv‚Æ‚Ē‚ĪŽvlŒo˜H‚ð‚ā‚Á‚Ä‚Ē‚é‚Ė‚ŁA“Yí‚Ė‚æ‚Ī‚É‚·‚é‚Æ‚ą‚ĖŽvlŒo˜H‚É‚æ‚č’žÚ‚É“Ūė‚·‚é‚ą‚Æ‚É‚Č‚čA“Į‚Ý‚â‚·‚Ē•ķ‚ÆŠī‚ķ‚Ü‚·B

 

4.       The answers for what caused these parasite singles not to marry‚́uƒpƒ‰ƒTƒCƒgƒVƒ“ƒOƒ‹ƒY‚ŠiŒ‹Ĩ‚·‚é‹CŽ‚ŋ‚Í‚ ‚Á‚―‚Ė‚ɁjŒ‹Ĩ‚ðŽ~‚ß‚―Œīˆö‚É‚―‚Ē‚·‚é“š‚Ķv‚Æ‚Ē‚ĪˆÓ–Ą‚É‚Č‚č‚Ü‚·B‚ą‚Ī‚Ē‚Īę‡‚ā‚ ‚é‚Å‚ĩ‚å‚Ī‚ŠA‚æ‚čˆę”Ę“I‚ɁAƒpƒ‰ƒTƒCƒgƒVƒ“ƒOƒ‹ƒY‚ŠŒ‹Ĩ‚ĩ‚Č‚Ē——RA‚Æ‚ĩ‚Ü‚ĩ‚―B

 

5.       Nobody marries me though I want to.@ui‰―l‚É‚āŒ‹Ĩ‚ð\‚ĩž‚Þ‚Šj’N‚āŒ‹Ĩ‚ĩ‚Ä‚­‚ę‚Č‚ĒBv‚Æ‚Ē‚ĪŒĩ‚ĩ‚Ēó‹ĩ‚Å‚·‚ˁBuŒ‹Ĩ‚ĩ‚―‚­‚Ä‚ā“K“–‚ČŒ‹Ĩ‘ŠŽč‚Š‚Ē‚Č‚Ē‚Đ‚įv‚ÍI want to get married but I have not found any appropriate person.‚Ė‚Ų‚Ī‚ŠŠó–]‚ĖŽ‚Ä‚éó‹ĩ‚É‚Č‚č‚Ü‚·B

 

6.       “ā—e‚ĖŽ—‚―•ķ‚ðŠô‚‚ЕĀ‚Ũ‚ď‘‚­‚Æ‚Ŧ‚́i•Ā—ņ\‘Ēj‚ŧ‚ę‚ž‚ę‚Ė•ķ‚ĖŒ`‚Šo—ˆ‚é‚ū‚Ŋ“Ŋ‚ķ‚æ‚Ī‚É‚·‚é‚Æ‚í‚Đ‚č‚â‚·‚­‚Č‚č‚Ü‚·B

 

“YíŒã‚Ė•ķÍ

 

gParasite Singlesh

  

These days, the number of unmarried young persons in their late their twenties and thirties who live in their parents' house and heavily rely on their parents for daily necessities is increasing (we call them parasite singles). According to a survey by the government in 1988, the percentage of unmarried people between 25 and 49 years old who require  economic assistance  from their parents was 30% in males and 40% in females. And the percentage of those whom their parents are looking after was 52% in males and 73% in females.

  

The answers given for the reasons why these parasite singles did not marry were as follows: The top reason  (63%)  was, "I can lead a more comfortable life". Other main reasons were, "My parents can take care of me (60%),"  and "Nobody marries me though I want to(44%).h

 

 

 

“ĮŽŌ‚Đ‚į‚Ė“Še@‚QiƒƒOƒ}ƒ}A02 Oct 02j

 

gParasite Singlesh

 

Recently the number of single people aged between late 20s and 30s, who live with their parents and are taken care of by them, is increasing.  (They are so-called 'parasite-single'.)  According to the study by the government in1998,  30 % of single male and 40% of single female aged between 25 and 49get financial aid from their parents and 52% of male and 73% of female of which are taken care of by their parents.

 

For the reasons why these "parasite singles" do not marry and stand by themselves, 63% of responses say, "We can lead a financially easy life that way." and 60% answered, "We don't need to do any housework." and 44%answered, "we can't find the right person to get married."

 

“Yí

 

gParasite Singlesh

 

Recently the number of single people aged between  in their late 20s and 30s1, who live with their parents and are taken care of by them, is increasing. They are so-called 'parasite-singles'.2  According to the a 1998 study by the government in 1998-,  30 % of single males and 40% of single females aged between 25 and 49 get financial aid from their parents, and 52% of single males and 73% of single females of which are taken care of by their parents.

 

For the reasons why these "parasite singles" do did not marry get married and stand by themselves, 63% of responses respondents say said, "We I can lead a financially easy easier life that way3,h and 60% answered, "We I don't need to do any housework,." and 44% answered, "we I can't find the  a right person to get married to."4

 

ƒRƒƒ“ƒg

 

ƒƒOƒ}ƒ}‚ģ‚ņ‚Ė“Še—á‚Í“ú–{•ķ‚É‘f’ž‚ɁA‚í‚Đ‚č‚â‚·‚­•\Œŧ‚ĩ‚Ä‚ ‚č‚Ü‚·B

 

1.       between the late 20s and 30s‚Å‚·‚Æthe late 20s‚Æthe 30sŽĐ‘Ė‚Š”͈͂Ė‚ ‚é•\Œŧ‚Č‚Ė‚Åbetween A and B‚ĖˆÓ–Ą‚Š‚ ‚Ē‚Ü‚Ē‚É‚Č‚č‚Ü‚·B“Yí—á‚Ė‚æ‚Ī‚Éin their late 20s and 30s‚É‚ĩ‚―‚Ų‚Ī‚Š—Į‚Ē‚Å‚·B

 

2.       “ú–{•ķ‚ł́i“ú–{Œę‚ōl‚Ķ‚é‚Æ‚Ŧ‚́ju‹ß”NAe‚Æ“Ŋ‹‚ĩAŠî‘b“IķŠˆðŒ‚ðe‚Ɉˑķ‚ĩ‚Ä‚Ē‚éA20‘ãŒã”ž‚Đ‚į30‘ã‚Ė–ĒĨŽŌ‚Š‘‚Ķ‚Ä‚Ē‚éBv‚Ė‚æ‚Ī‚Ɂu–ĒĨŽŌv‚ĖCüß‚Š‘O‚É—ˆ‚Ä‚Č‚Š‚­‚Č‚č‚Ü‚·B‚ą‚ĖŒ`‚ð•Û‚Á‚ĉp•ķ‚Å•\Œŧ‚·‚é‚Æ“ŪŽŒ‚Š•ķ‚ĖÅŒã‚É—ˆ‚Ä‚ĩ‚Ü‚Ē‚Ü‚·B‚ą‚Ė‚æ‚Ī‚Č“ú–{•ķ‚Í‚Ē‚­‚‚ЂɕŠ‰ð‚ĩ‚āAŽåŒę{“ŪŽŒ‚ð‹ß‚­‚É’u‚­‚æ‚Ī‚É‚·‚é‚Æ“Į‚Ý‚â‚·‚­‚Č‚č‚Ü‚·B‚―‚Æ‚Ķ‚ÎŽŸ‚Ė‚æ‚Ī‚É‚ĩ‚Ü‚·B

 

Recently, the number of gparasite singlesh is increasing in Japan. They are single males and females in their late 20s and 30s who live with and taken care of by their parents.

 

3.       ‚ą‚Ė‚æ‚Ī‚Č‚Æ‚Ŧ‚ɉp•ķ‚Å‚Í”äŠr‹‰‚ð—Į‚­Žg‚Ē‚Ü‚·B”äŠr‚ð‚·‚é‚ą‚Æ‚Å“ā—e‚ð‚Í‚Á‚Ŧ‚č‚ģ‚đ‚Ü‚·B‚ą‚ą‚ʼnp•ķ‚ðā–ū“I‚ɍŨ‚Đ‚­‘‚Ŋ‚ÎŽŸ‚Ė‚æ‚Ī‚É‚Č‚č‚Ü‚·B

 

I can lead a financially easier life by living with my parents than becoming independent of them.

 

4.       “ú–{•ķ‚Å‚Í’ēļ‚ĖŽŋ–â‚ŠŠÔÚ˜b–@A“š‚Ķ‚Š’žÚ˜b–@‚ɐŽ‚Á‚Ä‚Ē‚Ü‚·B‚ą‚Ė‚æ‚Ī‚ČŽž‚É‚ÍŽŋ–â‚ā’žÚ˜b–@‚É‚·‚é‚Æ“Į‚Ý‚â‚·‚­‚Č‚č‚Ü‚·B‚―‚Æ‚Ķ‚ÎŽŸ‚Ė‚æ‚Ī‚É‚ĩ‚Ü‚·B

 

The same study asked a question to the parasite singles, gWhy donft you get married and become independent of your parents?h

 

“YíŒã‚Ė•ķÍ

 

"Parasite Singles"

 

Recently the number of single people in their late 20s and 30s, who live with their parents and are taken care of by them, is increasing. They are so-called 'parasite-singles'.  According to a 1998 study by the government, 30 % of single males and 40% of single females aged between 25 and 49 get financial aid from their parents, and 52% of single males and 73% of single females are taken care of by their parents.

 

For the reasons why these "parasite singles" did not get married and stand by themselves, 63% of respondents  said, "I can lead a financially easier life that way," 60% answered, "I don't need to do any housework,." and 44% answered, "I can't find a right person to get married to."

 

 

“ĮŽŌ‚Đ‚į‚Ė“Še 1@iŽR‚ģ‚ņA10 Sept 02j

 

gParasite Singlesh

 

The number of people called parasite singles is increasing recently. They are unmarried young people. They are in their late 30s and the 40s. They live the parents and their basic living conditions depend on the parents.

 

According to the government survey in 1998, 30 percent of men and 40 per cent of women in the 25 to 40 years old unmarried group were receiving economic assistance from the parents. 52 percent of men and 73 percent of women were taken care of by their parents.

 

The survey asked a question why parasite singles did not get independent of their parents. The highest number of reasons (63 percent) was that they could live financially better of with their parents. The second highest number of reasons (60 percent) was that they liked being looked after by their parents. The third highest number of reasons (44 per cent) was that they could not find proper persons whom they might marry.

“Yí

gParasite Singlesh

 

In Japan‚P, Tthe number of people called gparasite singles‚Qh is increasing recently. They are usually unmarried young people. They are in their late 30s and the 40s. They who live the with their parents and their basic living conditions depend on the their parents‚R.

 

‚SAccording to the a government survey in 1998, 30 percent of men male singles5

 and 40 per cent of women female singles in the 25 to 40 years old unmarried age group were receivingreceived economic financila assistance from the their parents.  In the same age group‚U, 52 percent of men male singles and 73 percent of women female singles were taken care of by their parents.

 

The survey also asked a the question g‚VWhy  donft why parasite singles did not get  married and become independent of their parents?.h The highest number of reasons‚W (63 percent) was that they could live were financially better of with their parents. The second highest number ofbiggest reasons (60 percent) was that they liked being looked after by their parents. The third highest number ofbiggest reasons (44 per cent) was that they could not find a proper persons whom they might to marry.

 

ƒRƒƒ“ƒg

 

“ú–{Œę‚Ė•ķÍi“ú–{Œę‚ĖŽvl–@j‚Å‚Í–â‘č‚ĖÅ‰‚Ė•ķ‚Ė‚æ‚Ī‚ɏCüß‚Šq•”‚Ė‘O‚É’·X‚Æ‘ą‚­‚ą‚Æ‚Š‚ ‚č‚Ü‚·B‰p•ķ‚Å‚ÍŽåŒęAqŒęACüß‚ŠŠî–{‚Ė•ķŒ^‚Č‚Ė‚ŁA‰p•ķ‚Ė“ā—e‚ð‚ą‚Ė‚æ‚Ī‚Č•ķŒ^‚ÅŒū‚Ē‚Č‚Ļ‚·•K—v‚Š‚ ‚č‚Ü‚·BŽR‚ģ‚ņ‚Ė“Še—á‚Ė‚æ‚Ī‚É‚Ē‚­‚‚ЂĖ’Z‚Ē•ķ‚É•Š‰ð‚ĩ‚ÄŒū‚Ē‚Č‚Ļ‚·‚Ė‚ā—Į‚Ē•û–@‚Å‚·B‰pŒę‚ĖŽ•ķ‚Å“ā—e‚ðŒū‚Á‚Ä‚Đ‚įA•K—v‚ɉž‚ķ‚ķ‚ð˜AŒ‹‚ĩ‚Ü‚·B

 

‚PD            “ú–{‚ĖŽ–î‚ð’m‚į‚Č‚Ē‰p•ķ‚Ė“ĮŽŌ‚ð‘z’č‚ĩ‚ÄIn Japan, ‚ð“ü‚ę‚Ü‚ĩ‚―B

‚QD            Parasite singles‚͐ķX‚ĩ‚Ē•\Œŧ‚Ė˜aŧ‰pŒę‚Å‚·‚ŠA‚ŧ‚Ė‚Ü‚ÜŽg‚Á‚Ä—Į‚Ē‚ÆŽv‚Ē‚Ü‚·B‚ĩ‚Đ‚ĩ•ķÍ‚Ė’†‚Å‚ą‚ĖŒū—t‚ðÅ‰‚ÉŽg‚Ī‚Æ‚Ŧ‚́A“Á•Ę‚ČˆÓ–Ą‚Š‚ ‚é‚Æ‚Ē‚Ī‚ą‚Æ‚ðŽĶ‚·‚―‚߂Ɉø—p•„‚ň͂ņ‚ū‚Ų‚Ī‚Š—Į‚Ē‚Å‚ĩ‚å‚ĪB

‚RD            uŠî‘b“IķŠˆðŒ‚ðe‚Ɉˑķ‚ĩ‚Ä‚Ē‚év‚ÍŽR‚ģ‚ņ‚Ė‚æ‚Ī‚Č’ž–ó‚Å‚ā‚æ‚Ē‚Æ‚Ļ‚ā‚Ē‚Ü‚·‚ŠA“ú–{Ž–î‚É‘a‚Ē“ĮŽŌ‚É‚Í‚ą‚ę‚Í•sŽv‹c‚ČŒŧÛ‚ÆŽv‚í‚ę‚é‚Å‚ĩ‚å‚ĪB“ā—e‚ðŽŸ‚Ė‚æ‚Ī‚É‹ï‘Ė“I‚É•\Œŧ‚·‚é‚ą‚Æ‚ā‚Å‚Ŧ‚Ü‚·BThey depend on their parents for basic elements of life such as personal finances, cooking, washing and other daily household chores.

‚SD            ’ēļ•ņ‚Ė’†‚ɏo‚Ä‚­‚鐔Žš‚Ė•\Œŧ‚́A“ĮŽŌ‚É‚í‚Đ‚č‚â‚·‚­‚·‚é‚―‚ß‚ĖH•v‚Š•K—v‚Å‚·BŽR‚ģ‚ņ‚Ė“Še—á‚Í•Ā—ņ\‘Ē‚Ė•ķÍ‚ðŽg‚Á‚ďãŽč‚É•\Œŧ‚ĩ‚Ä‚ ‚č‚Ü‚·Bu`‚Æ‚Ē‚Ī•ņ‘‚É‚æ‚ę‚΁v‚Í•ņ‘‚ðŽåŒę‚É‚ĩ‚ÄŽŸ‚Ė‚æ‚Ī‚ÉŒū‚Ī‚ą‚Æ‚āo—ˆ‚Ü‚·BA 1988 government survey revealed the following statistics about parasite singles: ~

‚TD            –ĒĨ’jŦ‚Íunmarried man, –ĒĨ—Ŧ‚Íunmarried woman ‚ð’ʏí‚ÍŽg‚Ē‚Ü‚·‚ŠA’ēļ•ņ‚Ė‚æ‚Ī‚ȏ‘—Þ‚Å‚Ímarital status i”z‹ôŽŌŠÖŒWAŒ‹Ĩ‹æ•Šj‚ðŽĶ‚·•\Œŧ‚Æ‚ĩ‚Ämale single, female single‚ÆŒū‚Ē‚Ü‚·B

‚UD            In the same age group‚ð“ü‚ę‚―‚Ų‚Ī‚ŠAŒã‚É‘ą‚­”Žš‚ĖˆÓ–Ą‚Š‚Í‚Á‚Ŧ‚č‚·‚é‚ÆŽv‚Ē‚Ü‚·B

‚VD            Žŋ–â‚͊Ԑژb–@‚æ‚č’žÚ˜b–@‚Å•\Œŧ‚·‚é‚Ų‚Ī‚Š‚Í‚Á‚Ŧ‚č‚ĩ‚Ü‚·B

‚WD            ŽR‚ģ‚ņ‚Ė•\Œŧ‚ÍŒī•ķ‚É’‰ŽĀ‚Å‚·‚ŠAŠÔ’P‚Ébiggest‚ÆŒū‚Á‚Ä—Į‚Ē‚ÆŽv‚Ē‚Ü‚·B

 

marital status:

 

”z‹ôŽŌŠÖŒW‚Ė•\Œŧ‚ÍŽŸ‚Ė‚æ‚Ī‚É‚Č‚č‚Ü‚·B

Single                  “Ɛg

Married                Œ‹Ĩ‚ĩ‚Ä‚Ē‚é

Separated              •Ę‹‚ĩ‚Ä‚Ē‚é

Divorced              —ĢĨ‚ĩ‚Ä‚Ē‚é

Widowed              ”z‹ôŽŌ‚ÆŽ€•Ęi’jŦ‚É‚ā—Ŧ‚É‚āŽg‚Ē‚Ü‚·j

 

per cent, percent, percentage

 

ƒp[ƒZƒ“ƒg‚Í–{—ˆ‚Í per cent ‚Ə‘‚Ŧ‚Ü‚ĩ‚―‚ŠA‚Ē‚Ü‚Å‚Í percent ‚Ə‘‚­‚ą‚Æ‚Š‘―‚­‚Č‚č‚Ü‚ĩ‚―Bƒp[ƒZƒ“ƒg‚Š‰―‰ņ‚ā•ķÍ‚Ė’†‚ɏo‚Ä‚­‚é‚Æ‚Ŧ‚É‚Í % ‹L†‚ðŽg‚Á‚ÄŠČ—Š‚É‚ĩ‚Ü‚·Bpercent ‚Ė‘O‚ɐ”ŽŒ‚Š—ˆ‚Ä•S•Š—Ķ‚Ė`ƒp[ƒZƒ“ƒg‚ð‚ĩŽĶ‚ĩ‚Ü‚·Bpercentage ‚Í•S•Š—Ķ”ä‚ðŽĶ‚ĩA’ʏí‘O‚ɂ͐”ŽŒ‚ÍŽg‚Ē‚Ü‚đ‚ņBa large percentage, a small percentage, a high percentage ‚Ė‚æ‚Ī‚ÉŽg‚Ē‚Ü‚·B

 

—á•ķF

 

Only 40% of people are eligible for this election.

What percentage of women are working part-time in Japan?

A large percentage of movies shown in Japan comes from Hollywood.

 

marry, get married

 

His son married a Canadian woman. ‚Ü‚―‚Í

His son got married to a Canadian woman.

”Þ‚Ė‘§Žq‚̓Jƒiƒ_—Ŧ‚ÆŒ‹Ĩ‚ĩ‚―B

 

marry ‚͏ã‚Ė—á‚Ė‚æ‚Ī‚ÉŽg‚Ē‚Ü‚·BŒŧÝ‚Å‚Í marry ‚Í’P“Æ‚Å‚Í‚Â‚Đ‚Ē‚Ü‚đ‚ņB

I will marry in a month. ‚Å‚Í‚Č‚­A

I will get married in a month. ‚Ė‚æ‚Ī‚ÉŽg‚Ē‚Ü‚·B

 

“YíŒã‚Ė•ķÍ

 

"Parasite Singles"

 

In Japan, the number of people called "parasite singles" is increasing recently. They are usually unmarried young people in their late 30s and 40s who live with their parents and their basic living conditions depend on their parents.

 

According to a government survey in 1998, 30 percent of male singles and 40 per cent of female singles in the 25 to 40 years old age group received financial assistance from their parents.  In the same age group, 52 percent of male singles and 73 percent of female singles were taken care of by their parents.

 

The survey also asked the question "Why  don't parasite singles get  married and become independent of their parents?." The reason (63 percent) was that they were financially better of with their parents. The second biggest reason (60 percent) was that they liked being looked after by their parents. The third biggest reason (44 per cent) was that they could not find a proper person to marry.

 

 

—ûK–â‘č@2@uŽRŠx‹~•‚Ė”ï—pv

 

ŽRŠx‘˜“ï‚Č‚Į‚ŃwƒŠƒRƒvƒ^[‚Šo“Ū‚ĩ‚―‚čA‹~•‘ā‚Šo‚―‚č‚ĩ‚―ę‡A‚ŧ‚Ė”ï—p‚Í‚Į‚Ī‚Č‚é‚Ė‚ū‚ë‚Ī‚ЁB

 

“ú–{ƒAƒ‹ƒvƒX‚ðŠĮ“ā‚É‚ā‚Â’·–ėŒ§Œx‚́AŒxŽ@ŠŊ‚P‚Tl‚Đ‚į‚Č‚éŽRŠx‹~•‘ā‚Š‚ ‚č‚Ü‚·BŒxŽ@–{•”‚Č‚ĮŒ§“ā‚S‚ЏŠ‚É•ŠŽU‚ĩ‚ċΖą‚ĩ‚Ä‚Ē‚Ü‚·B“ŊŒ§Œx‚É‚æ‚é‚ƁAŒxŽ@‚ĖƒwƒŠ‚â‹~•‘āiŒxŽ@ŠŊj‚Ėo“Ū”ï—p‚͐ŋā‚Řd‚í‚ę‚é‚Ė‚ŁA‘˜“ïŽŌ‚Š•‰’S‚·‚é•K—v‚Í‚Č‚ĒB

 

‚ĩ‚Đ‚ĩA‹Ų‹}‚ð—v‚ĩA“VŒó‚ŠˆŦ‚Ēę‡‚Č‚Į‚ŁAŽRŽ‰Ū‚ĖŠÖŒWŽŌ‚Č‚Į–ŊŠÔ‚Ėl‚É‹~•‘ā‚Ö‚ĖŽQ‰Á‚ð‹‚ß‚éę‡‚Š‚ ‚čA‚ŧ‚ĖÛ‚Í“ú“–‚ðŽx•Ĩ‚ĪB‚ą‚Ėę‡‚ā‘˜“ïŽŌ‚ĖŠÖŒWŽŌ‚É”ï—p‚Š‚Đ‚Đ‚é‚ą‚Æ‚ðā–ū‚ĩ‚ÄŽ–‘O‚ɏģ‘ø‚ð“ū‚éB

 

“ĮŽŌ‚Đ‚į‚Ė“Še@‚Wimxtomi, 31 March 13j

 

gWho Pays Costs for Rescue Operations in the Mountain?h

Who pays the expenses incurred in a rescue effort for an alpine accident, such as cost for helicopters or rescue teams? 

The Nagano Prefectural Police, who has jurisdiction over the Japan Alps, has a mountain rescue team consisting of 15 police officers working at 4 different locations in the prefecture including the headquarters. The police say that the rescuees do not have to pay the costs for mobilization of their helicopters or rescue teams since these costs are compensated by tax payersf money. 

When the police call for civiliansf (like people working at mountain lodges) participation in the rescue team to cope with urgency or bad weather, they have to pay such participants daily allowance. In this case, the police explain to rescueesf families/friends that these out-of-pocket expenses must be borne by the rescuees, and get their prior concurrence

 

“Yí

 

gWho Pays Costs for Rescue Operations in the Mountain?h

Who pays the expenses incurred in a rescue effort for an alpine accident, such as cost for helicopters or and rescue teams? 

The Nagano Prefectural Police, who has jurisdiction over the Japan Alps, has a mountain rescue team consisting of 15 police officers working at 4 different locations in the prefecture including the headquarters. The police say that people who are rescued the rescuees do not have to pay the costs for mobilization of a their helicopters or rescue teams since these costs are paid out of compensated by taxes payersf money. 

When the police call for civiliansf (like people working at mountain lodges) participation in the rescue team to cope with urgency or bad weather, they the victims of accidents have to pay such participants a daily allowance. In this case, the police explain to their rescueesf families/friends that these out-of-pocket expenses must be borne by those who are related to the  victims of accidents the rescuees, and get their prior concurrence

 

ƒRƒƒ“ƒg

 

“ā—e‚Ė‚·‚Ũ‚Ä‚Š‚í‚Đ‚č‚Ü‚·B

 

“YíŒã‚Ė•ķÍ

 

gWho Pays Costs for Rescue Operations in the Mountain?h

Who pays the expenses incurred in a rescue effort for an alpine accident, such as cost for helicopters and rescue teams? 

The Nagano Prefectural Police, who has jurisdiction over the Japan Alps, has a mountain rescue team consisting of 15 police officers working at 4 different locations in the prefecture including the headquarters. The police say that people who are rescued  do not have to pay the costs for mobilization of a helicopter or rescue team since these costs are paid out of  taxes . 

When the police call for civilian (like people working at mountain lodges) participation in the rescue team to cope with urgency or bad weather, the victims of accidents have to pay such participants a daily allowance. In this case, the police explain to their  families/friends that these out-of-pocket expenses must be borne by those who are related to the victims of accidents  and get their prior concurrence

 

 

“ĮŽŌ‚Đ‚į‚Ė“Še@‚ViLucca, 25 March 11j

 

What about helicopter and rescue unit costs when you are stranded in the mountain?

The police in Nagano, which covers in Japan Alps, has a mountain rescue unit that consists of fifteen policemen. They are working in four police stations in Nagano such as the police headquarters.

According to the police in Nagano, the helicopter and rescue unit expense are financed by taxpayer, not by missing person in the mountain. But sometimes missing person have to pay for a per diem when private helpers for example people working in mountain lodge join rescue unit to help. Especially when it is an emergency case or a bad weather. In that case, the police explains to missing person's family or fellows about that expense and needs to get their agreement in advance.

 

“Yí

 

gWho pays costs for What about helicopters and rescue teams unit costs when you are stranded in the mountain?h1

The police in Nagano Prefecture, which covers mountains in the Japan Alps, has a mountain rescue unit that consists of fifteen policemen. They are working in four police stations in the prefecture Nagano including  such as the police headquarters.

According to the police in Nagano, the helicopter and rescue unit expenses are financed by taxpayers, not by a missing person in the mountain. But sometimes the missing person has have to pay for a per diem expenses when private helpers, for example, people working in mountain lodges, join the rescue unit to help. Especially when it is an emergency case or a bad weather. In that case,2 the police explains to the family of a missing person's family or friends3 fellows about the that expenses they have to pay and needs to get their agreement in advance.

 

ƒRƒƒ“ƒg

 

‰p•ķ‚Ė“ā—e‚Ė‘‚Ä‚Š‚í‚Đ‚č‚Ü‚·B

 

1.       ŒĐo‚ĩ‚Å‚ ‚é‚ą‚Æ‚Š‚í‚Đ‚é‚æ‚Ī‚É‚ĩ‚Ü‚·B

 

2.       ‚ą‚Ī‚ĩ‚Č‚Ē‚Æ‚Æwhenß‚ŠŽŸ‚Ė•ķ‚ɂ‚ȂŠ‚č‚Ü‚đ‚ņB

 

3.       uŠÖŒWŽŌv‚ŠžB–†‚Č•\Œŧ‚Č‚Ė‚ŁA‚ą‚ą‚Å‚Ífriends‚Æ‚·‚é‚Æ‚æ‚Ē‚Å‚ĩ‚å‚ĪB

 

“YíŒã‚Ė•ķÍ

 

gWho pays costs for helicopters and rescue teams when you are stranded in the mountain?h

The police in Nagano Prefecture, which covers mountains in the Japan Alps, has a mountain rescue unit that consists of fifteen policemen. They are working in four police stations in the prefecture  including  the police headquarters.

According to the police, the helicopter and rescue unit expenses are financed by taxpayers, not by a missing person in the mountain. But sometimes the missing person has to pay for per diem expenses when private helpers, for example, people working in mountain lodges, join the rescue unit to help. Especially when it is an emergency case or a bad weather, the police explains to the family of a missing person or friends about the expenses they have to pay and  get their agreement in advance.

 

 

“ĮŽŌ‚Đ‚į‚Ė“Še@‚Ui–ڍ•ėA1 February 11j

 

When helicopters are sent out, or rescue teams are mobilized, to help those stranded in the mountains, who could bear the necessary expenses, and how?

Nagano prefectural police department, which covers the Japanese Alps under its jurisdiction, has a mountain rescue team of 15 policemen. Members of the team work separately at four stations, including the police headquarters. According to the prefectural police department, the cost of mobilizing police helicopters and the rescue team(policemen) is paid from tax money, and the survivors do not need to cover it.

However, if the emergency or the bad weather requires the participation of civilians working at mountain lodges and others in the rescue team, daily allowances are paid to them. Even in such a case, it is necessary to inform the people close to the survivors that they should owe the cost, and to obtain their prior consent.

 

“Yí

 

When helicopters are sent out, or rescue teams are mobilized, to help those stranded who are involved in an accident in the mountains, who could will bear the necessary expenses, and how?

 

The Nagano pPrefectural pPolice department1, which covers the Japanese Alps under its jurisdiction, has a mountain rescue team of 15 policemen. The Mmembers of the team work separately at four stations, including the police headquarters. According to the prefectural police department, the cost of mobilizing police helicopters and the rescue team(policemen) is paid from tax money, and the victims of the accident or their relatives2 survivors do not need to cover pay for it.

 

However, if an the immediate rescue action emergency or the bad weather requires the participation of civilians working at mountain lodges and others in the rescue team, then those who are rescued or their relatives must pay3 daily allowances are paid to those temporary helpers them. Even in such a case, it is necessary for the police to inform the people close to the survivors victims that they should pay the cost of temporary helpers owe the cost, and to obtain their prior consent approval.

 

ƒRƒƒ“ƒg

 

‰p•ķ‚Ė“ā—e‚Ė‘‚Ä‚Š‚í‚Đ‚č‚Ü‚·B“Yí‚Í•ķÍ‚ð“Į‚Ý‚â‚·‚­–ūŠm‚É‚ĩ‚Ü‚ĩ‚―B

 

1.       Œ§ŒxŽ@‚ÍŒxŽ@’Ą‚É‘Ū‚ĩ‚Ä‚Ē‚ÄŒ§’Ą‚Ė‘gD‚Å‚Í‚ ‚č‚Ü‚đ‚ņBdepartment‚ð“ü‚ę‚é‚ÆŒ§’Ą‚Ė‘gD‚Ė‚æ‚Ī‚ČˆóÛ‚É‚Č‚č‚Ü‚·B

 

2.       Ũ‚Đ‚­‚Č‚č‚Ü‚·‚ŠA‹~•‚ÉŒü‚Đ‚Á‚―‚Æ‚Ŧ‚É‚Í‘˜“ïŽŌ‚ĖˆĀ”ہiķŽ€j‚Í‚Ü‚ū‚í‚Đ‚č‚Ü‚đ‚ņB‘˜“ïŽŌ‚ŠŽ€–S‚ĩ‚―‚Æ‚Ŧ‚́A‚ŧ‚Ė‰Æ‘°‚Š”ï—p‚𕉒S‚·‚é‚Ė‚Å‚ĩ‚å‚ĪB

 

3.       ŽåŒę‚ð‚Í‚Á‚Ŧ‚č‚Í‚đ‚―”\“Ū‘Ė‚Š‚æ‚Ē‚Å‚ĩ‚å‚ĪB

 

“YíŒã‚Ė•ķÍ

 

When helicopters are sent out, or rescue teams are mobilized, to help those who are involved in an accident in the mountains, who will bear the necessary expenses, and how?

 

The Nagano Prefectural Police, which covers the Japanese Alps under its jurisdiction, has a mountain rescue team of 15 policemen. The members of the team work separately at four stations, including the police headquarters. According to the prefectural police, the cost of mobilizing police helicopters and the rescue team(policemen) is paid from tax money, and the victims of the accident or their relatives do not need to pay for it.

 

However, if an  immediate rescue action or the bad weather requires the participation of civilians working at mountain lodges and others in the rescue team, then those who are rescued or their relatives must pay daily allowances to those temporary helpers . Even in such a case, it is necessary for the police to inform the people close to the victims that they should pay the cost of temporary helpers and obtain their prior approval.

 

 

 “ĮŽŌ‚Đ‚į‚Ė“Še@‚TiP&C, 27 Aug 08j

 

"The Costs of Alpine Rescue Activities"

When helicopter and rescue team are sent to go to the rescue of climbers, who pay overhead costs ?

In Nagano Prefecture Police, which has Japan Alps within its territory, there is Alpine rescue team consisted of 15 policemen. The members of the rescue team serve at 4 police offices such as headquarters in the prefecture separately. According to the Police, because the costs of police's helicopter and rescue team of policemen acting is covered by tax, distressed people don't need to pay it.

But the Police sometimes requests citizens such as participants in lodges to join in rescue team under emergency and bad weather. Actually, participants to distressed people have to pay daily allowance to citizen's rescue team members. Therefore the Police firstly explain the participants their monetary responsibility, has their approval and requests citizens to join in rescue team.

 

 “Yí

 

"The Costs of Alpine Rescue Activities"

When a helicopter and rescue team are sent to go to the rescue of climbers, who pays for these overhead costs ?

At the In Nagano Prefecture Prefectural Police, which has the Japan Alps within its territory, there is an Alpine rescue team consisteding of 15 policemen. The members of the rescue team serve are stationed at four 4 police offices  including such as the police headquarters in the prefecture separately. According to the Ppolice, because the costs of police's helicopter and rescue team of policemen acting is are covered by taxes, and those who are rescued distressed people don't have need to pay for them it.

But the Ppolice sometimes requests citizens such as those working at mountain participants in lodges to join the in rescue team under in an emergency or and bad weather. Those who are rescued  Actually, participants to distressed people have to pay daily allowances to volunteer members of a citizen's rescue team members. In such a case, Therefore the Ppolice firstly explain to those related to the victims the participants their monetary responsibility and , has have their approval before the police and requests citizens to join in the rescue team.

 

ƒRƒƒ“ƒg

 

‰p•ķ‚Ė“ā—e‚Ė‚Ų‚Ú‘‚Ä‚Š‚í‚Đ‚č‚Ü‚·‚Š participants to distressed people‚Š‚í‚Đ‚č“ï‚Ē‚Å‚·‚ˁB

 

“YíŒã‚Ė•ķÍ

 

"The Costs of Alpine Rescue Activities"

When a helicopter and rescue team are sent to  rescue  climbers, who pays for these  costs ?

At the  Nagano  Prefectural Police, which has the Japan Alps within its territory, there is an Alpine rescue team consisting of 15 policemen. The members of the rescue team are stationed at four police offices including the police headquarters in the prefecture. According to the police,  the costs of police helicopter and rescue team are covered by taxes and those who are rescued  don't have to pay for them .

But the police sometimes request citizens such as those working at mountain  lodges to join the  rescue team in an emergency or  bad weather. Those who are rescued  have to pay daily allowances to volunteer members of a  rescue team. In such a case,  the police  explain to those related to the victims their monetary responsibility and have their approval before the police requests citizens to join  the rescue team.

 

 

“ĮŽŌ‚Đ‚į‚Ė“Še@‚SiKalo, 6 March 08j

 

"Costs of search and rescue operations in the mountains"

 

Who should pay for search and rescue operations in the mountains when a helicopter or a rescue team is dispatched?

 

Basically, climbers don't need to pay for these operations because they are covered by taxes, says the Nagano Prefectural Police, which is in charge of accidents in the Japan Alps. The police have a rescue team consisting of 15 police officers and they are stationed at four places including the prefectural headquarters.

 

In some cases, however, climbers are responsible for part of those operation costs.

 

During a time of emergency or bad weather, the police sometimes ask local people such as those working at mountain lodges to join their search and rescue operations. In this case, climbers or their families need to pay the wages of these people, based on a prior consent gained before the police start the operations.

 

“Yí

 

"Costs of search and rescue operations in the mountains"

 

Who should pay for search and rescue operations in the mountains when a helicopter or a rescue team is dispatched?

 

Basically, climbers don't need to pay for these operations because these expenses come from they are covered by taxes revenues1, says the Nagano Prefectural Police, which is in charge of mountain accidents in the Japan Alps. The police have a rescue team consisting of 15 police officers and they are stationed at four places including the prefectural headquarters.

 

In some cases, however, climbers are responsible for part of those operation costs.

 

During a time of emergency or bad weather, the police sometimes ask local people such as those working at mountain lodges to join their search and rescue operations. In this case, climbers or their families need to pay the wages2 of to these people, based on a prior consent gained before the police start the operations.

 

ƒRƒƒ“ƒg

 

“ā—e‚Ė‘‚Ä‚Š‚í‚Đ‚č‚Ü‚·B‘æŽO’i—Ž‚͈ęs‚Å‚·‚Š“ā—e‚ĖˆóÛ‚Š‹­‚­‚Č‚Á‚ÄŒø‰Ę“I‚Å‚·B

 

1.       Costs are covered by taxes.‚Æ‚Ē‚ĪŒū‚Ē•û‚ā‚ ‚č‚Ü‚·‚ŠA“Yí‚Ė‚æ‚Ī‚É‚·‚é‚Æ’š”J‚Ȑā–ū‚É‚Č‚é‚Å‚ĩ‚å‚ĪB

 

2.       wages‚͈ę”Ę“I‚ÉŽžŠÔ‹‹A“ú‹‹‚Č‚Į‚ÉŽg‚í‚ę‚Ü‚·‚Đ‚įAu“ú“–‚ðŽx•Ĩ‚Īv‚É“KØ‚Å‚·‚ˁB

 

“YíŒã‚Ė•ķÍ

 

"Costs of search and rescue operations in the mountains"

 

Who should pay for search and rescue operations in the mountains when a helicopter or a rescue team is dispatched?

 

Basically, climbers don't need to pay for these operations because these expenses come from  tax revenues, says the Nagano Prefectural Police, which is in charge of mountain accidents in the Japan Alps. The police have a rescue team consisting of 15 police officers and they are stationed at four places including the prefectural headquarters.

 

In some cases, however, climbers are responsible for part of those operation costs.

 

During a time of emergency or bad weather, the police sometimes ask local people such as those working at mountain lodges to join their search and rescue operations. In this case, climbers or their families need to pay wages to these people, based on a prior consent gained before the police start the operations.

 

 

“ĮŽŌ‚Đ‚į‚Ė“Še@‚RiYASUKUN, 30 October 06j

 

 "The cost of mountain rescue"

  

Who pay the cost of helicopters and rescue teams requested for mountaineering accidents?

  

Nagano prefecture's police that administers Japan Alps has a mountain rescue team composed of fifteen police officers. The team members usually work for four different offices. According to its statement, the cost of helicopters and police officers is usually covered by tax and victims need not to pay for it.

  

But when it demands more rescuers due to an emergency especially bad weather, people such as associates in mountain cottages are required to participate, and then they can get daily wages. In this case, the police are supposed to explain the charge for it and have a consent to the concerns in an accident in advance.

 

“Yí

 

 "The cost of a1 mountain rescue"

  

Who pays2 the cost of helicopters and rescue teams requested for mountaineering accidents?

  

The Nagano pPrefecture'sal pPolice3 that administers the Japan Alps has have a mountain rescue team composed of fifteen police officers. The team members usually work for at four different offices locations. According to the police its statement, the cost of helicopters and police officers is usually covered by taxes and the victims of a mountain accident or their relatives need not to pay for it.

  

But when it an accident4 demands more than usual rescuers due to an emergency situation, especially an accident in bad weather, additional people such as associates people working in at mountain cottages are required to participate in the rescue, and then they can get paid daily wages. In this case, the police are supposed tomust5 explain the charge fees for these additional rescuers it and have a the consent to of the concerns people related to the victims in an the accident in advance.

 

ƒRƒƒ“ƒg

 

1.       rescueu‹~•‚·‚é‚ą‚Ɓv‚Æ‚Ē‚Ī’ŠÛ–žŽŒ‚Æa rescueu‚ ‚é‹~•Šˆ“Ūv‚Æ‚Ē‚Ī•’Ę–žŽŒ‚Ė“ņ‚‚ĖŽg‚Ē•û‚Š‚ ‚č‚Ü‚·B‚ą‚ą‚Í•’Ę–žŽŒ‚É‚ĩ‚Ü‚·B

 

2.       Who‚Í’P”A•Ą”‚Ė‚Į‚ŋ‚į‚É‚āŽg‚Ē‚Ü‚·‚ŠAwho‚ŠŽw‚ĩ‚Ä‚Ē‚él‚Š’P”‚Đ•Ą”‚Đ‚í‚Đ‚į‚Č‚Ē‚Æ‚Ŧ‚Í’Ęí’P”‚Æ‚ĩ‚Ĉĩ‚Ē‚Ü‚·B

 

3.       Nagano prefecturefs policeu’·–ėŒ§‚É‚ ‚éŒxŽ@vAThe Nagano Prefectural Policeu’·–ėŒ§Œxv‚Æ‚Č‚č‚Ü‚·‚ŠA“ú–{•ķ‚ÅŒ§Œx‚Æ‚ ‚é‚Ė‚ŁA‚ą‚ą‚Å‚ÍŒãŽŌ‚Š—Į‚Ē‚Å‚ĩ‚å‚ĪBthe police‚́uŒxŽ@‘gDv‚ĖˆÓ–Ą‚Å•Ą”‚Æ‚ĩ‚Ĉĩ‚Ē‚Ü‚·B

 

4.       ‘ã–žŽŒ‚͉―‚ðŽw‚·‚Ė‚Đ‚í‚Đ‚č“ï‚Ēę‡‚Š‚ ‚č‚Ü‚·B‚ą‚Ė‚æ‚Ī‚Č‚Æ‚Ŧ‚Í–žŽŒ‚ðŽg‚Ē‚Ü‚ĩ‚å‚ĪB

 

5.       the police are suppose to explain ~‚́uŒxŽ@‚́`‚ðā–ū‚·‚é‚ą‚Æ‚É‚Č‚Á‚Ä‚Ē‚éiā–ū‚ĩ‚Č‚Ē‚Æ‚Ŧ‚Š‚ ‚é‚Đ‚ā‚ĩ‚ę‚Č‚Ējv‚Æ‚Ē‚ĪˆÓ–Ą‚ðŠÜ‚ņ‚Å‚Ē‚é‚Ė‚ŁA‚ą‚ą‚Å‚Ímust explainuā–ū‚ĩ‚Č‚Ŋ‚ę‚΂Ē‚Ŋ‚Č‚Ēv‚Š‚æ‚Ē‚Å‚ĩ‚å‚ĪB

 

“YíŒã‚Ė•ķÍ

 

"The cost of a mountain rescue"

  

Who pays the cost of helicopters and rescue teams requested for mountaineering accidents?

  

The Nagano Prefectural Police that administer the Japan Alps have a mountain rescue team composed of fifteen police officers. The team members usually work at four different  locations. According to the police, the cost of helicopters and police officers is usually covered by taxes and the victims of a mountain accident or their relatives need not to pay for it.

  

But when an accident demands more than usual rescuers due to an emergency situation, especially an accident in bad weather, additional people such as people working  at mountain cottages are required to participate in the rescue, and then they can get paid daily wages. In this case, the police must explain the fees for these additional rescuers  and have the consent of the people related to the victims in the accident in advance.

 

 

“ĮŽŌ‚Đ‚į‚Ė“Še@‚QiƒƒOƒ}ƒ}A02 Oct 02j

 

Who pays the cost for rescue works such as helicopters and a rescue party who are sent away to search for climbers who get lost in the mountain?

 

Nagano Police Department, who's territory includes Nihon Alps, has the mountain rescue team consists of 15 police officers.  They are allocated in4 locations including Police Headquarters within Nagano Prefecture. According to them, the police helicopters and rescue team are funded by tax, therefore, the rescued people do not need to pay for it.

 

However, in case of emergency, there are cases where the police has to ask Civilian people such as the owner of the mountain hut to participate in the rescue work.  In such a case,  the rescued person needs to pay for them under advanced agreement made between the police and the sufferer side.

 

“Yí

 

Who pays for the cost for rescue works such as helicopters and a rescue party  team 1who are sent away to search for climbers who get lost in the mountain2?

 

The Nagano Prefectural Police Department-3, who's whose territory includes the Nihon Japan 4Alps, has the a mountain rescue team consists  consisting of 15 police officers.  They are allocated in to 4 locations, including the Ppolice Hheadquarters, within in the Nagano Prefecture. According to them to the police, the police helicopters and rescue team are funded by tax, and therefore, the rescued people rescued by the police 5do not need to pay for rescue expenses.

 

However, in case of emergency, there are cases where the police has to ask Ccivilian people such as the owners of the mountain huts to participate in the rescue work.  In such a cases,  the rescued person people needs to pay the police for them wages of civilian participants under an advanced agreement made between the police and the sufferer side people related to those who are lost in the mountain5.

 

ƒRƒƒ“ƒg

 

“YíŒÂŠ‚Š‘―‚Ē‚æ‚Ī‚ÉŒĐ‚Ķ‚Ü‚·‚ŠA‘ã–žŽŒ‚ðŒū‚Ē‚Č‚Ļ‚ĩ‚―‚Æ‚ą‚ë‚Š‚―‚­‚ģ‚ņ‚ ‚č‚Ü‚·B‘ã–žŽŒ‚ð•ķÍ‚Ė‚ ‚ŋ‚ą‚ŋ‚ÅŽg‚í‚Č‚­‚Ă͍s‚Ŋ‚Č‚Ē‚Ė‚Š‰p•ķ‚Ė“Á’Ĩ‚Ėˆę‚‚ł·B“ú–{•ķ‚É‚Í‚Ē‚ë‚Ē‚ë‚Ȑl‚Šo‚Ä‚Ŧ‚Ü‚·‚Đ‚įA‚ą‚ę‚į‚Ėl‚ĖŠÖŒW‚ð‚Í‚Á‚Ŧ‚č‚ģ‚đ‚é‚―‚߂ɁA‘ã–žŽŒ‚Å‚Č‚­ŽĀÛ‚É’N‚Č‚Ė‚Џ‘‚Ē‚ÄŠÖŒW‚ð–ūŠm‚É‚ĩ‚Ü‚ĩ‚―B

 

1.       a rescue party‚Å‚ā—Į‚Ē‚ÆŽv‚Ē‚Ü‚·‚ŠAŒã‚Ė•ķÍ‚Åthe rescue team‚Šo‚Ä‚­‚é‚Ė‚ŁArescue team‚É“ˆę‚ĩ‚Ü‚ĩ‚―B

 

2.       ‹~•‘ā‚Ėā–ū‚Š‰Á‚Ķ‚Ä‚ ‚Á‚Ä‚Æ‚Ä‚ā—Į‚Ē‚Å‚·‚ˁB

 

3.       ’·–ėŒ§Œx‚ĖģŽŪ‚ȉpŒę–ž‚Íthe Nagano Prefectural Police‚Å‚·BThe police department in the Nagano Prefecture‚Å‚ā‚í‚Đ‚č‚Ü‚·B’·–ėŒ§Œx‚ÍŒxŽ@’Ą‚Ė‘S‘‘gD‚Ėˆę•”‚Å‚·‚Đ‚įAã‚Ė‚Į‚ŋ‚į‚Ė•\Œŧ‚É‚ĩ‚ëA’·–ėŒ§’Ą‚Ėˆę•”‚Ė‚æ‚Ī‚ČˆóÛ‚É‚Č‚č‚Ü‚·‚ŠAŽd•û‚Č‚Ē‚Å‚ĩ‚å‚ĪB

 

4.       Alps‚Š‰pŒę‚Č‚Ė‚ÅNihon‚Å‚Í‚Č‚­‚ÄJapan‚Æ‚ĩ‚Ü‚ĩ‚―B

 

5.       The rescued people‚Å‚ā‚í‚Đ‚č‚Ü‚·‚ŠA•ķÍ‚ɏ‰‚߂ďo‚Ä‚­‚é‚Ė‚Åpeople rescued by the police‚Ɛā–ū‚ĩ‚Ü‚ĩ‚―B‚ ‚Æ‚Ė•ķÍ‚Å‚Íthe rescued people‚Æ‚ŧ‚Ė‚Ü‚Ü‚ÉŽg‚Ē‚Ü‚ĩ‚―B

 

6.       u‚ą‚Ėę‡‚ā‘˜“ïŽŌ‚ĖŠÖŒWŽŌ‚É”ï—p‚Š‚Đ‚Đ‚é‚ą‚Æ‚ðā–ū‚ĩ‚āAŽ–‘O‚É—đģ‚ð“ū‚éBv‚ð‘O‚Ė•ķ‚É‚Ī‚Ü‚­‚‚Ȃ°‚Ä•\Œŧ‚ĩ‚Ä‚ ‚č‚Ü‚·B

 

“YíŒã‚Ė•ķÍ

 

Who pays for the cost for rescue work such as helicopters and a rescue  team who are sent away to search for climbers who get lost in the mountain?

 

The Nagano Prefectural Police, whose territory includes the Japan Alps, has a mountain rescue team  consisting of 15 police officers.  They are allocated  to 4 locations, including the police headquarters, in the Nagano Prefecture. According to the police, the police helicopters and rescue team are funded by tax, and therefore, people rescued by the police do not need to pay for rescue expenses.

 

However, in case of emergency, there are cases where the police has to ask civilian people such as owners of mountain huts to participate in the rescue work. In such cases, the rescued people need to pay the police for wages of civilian participants under an advance agreement made between the police and  people related to those who are lost in the mountain.

 

 

“ĮŽŌ‚Đ‚į‚Ė“Še@‚PiŽR—œA10Sept02j

 

I wonder who pays for rescue operations of mountain accidents when helicopters and rescue teams are used?

 

The Nagano Prefectural Police is responsible for the Japan Alps region and has a mountain rescue team that is composed of 15 policemen. The rescue team is located in the police headquarters and three other places in the prefecture. The Nagano Prefectural Police says that expenses of mountain rescuer operations are paid by taxes and the victims of the mountain accidents do not pay.

 

But when some accidents need urgent help when some accidents take place in the bad weather, the police ask private citizens such as people who are working at mountain lodges to participate in the rescue team. Then, the mountain accident victims must pay wages of those private citizens. In these cases, the police will ask approval before they get assistance.

“Yí

 

I wonder whoWho1 pays for rescue operations of mountain accidents when helicopters and rescue teams are used?

 

The Nagano Prefectural Police, which2 is responsible for the Japan Alps region,

 and has a mountain rescue team that is composed of 15 policemen. The rescue team members is are located in the police headquarters and three other places in the prefecture. The Nagano Prefectural Police says that the expenses of mountain rescuer operations are paid by taxes tax revenues3. and In other words4, those related to5 the victims of the - mountain accidents do not pay at all.

 

But However6, when7 - some accidents need call for urgent help when some accidents or take place in the bad weather, . In such instances, the police might ask private citizens such as people who are those working at mountain lodges to participate in the rescue team. ThenIn this type of case, those related to the mountain accident victims must pay the wages of those these private citizens. In these casesPrior to rescue‚W, the police will ask get approval from those related to the accident victims before they get ask for assistance from private citizens‚X.

 

ƒRƒƒ“ƒg

 

‚PD            Å‰‚Ė•ķ‚Ė“ā—e‚ðŠČŒ‰‚É‚Ü‚Æ‚ß‚Ä‚ ‚č‚Ü‚·BI wonder‚Í–ģ‚­‚Ä—Į‚Ē‚Å‚ĩ‚å‚ĪB

‚QD            Which‚ðŽg‚Á‚Ä•Ā—ņ‚ɂ‚ȂŠ‚Á‚Ä‚Ē‚é•ķ‚ð]‘Ūß‚É‚ĩ‚āu’·–ėŒ§Œx‚ÍŽRŠx‹~•‘ā‚ðŽ‚Á‚Ä‚Ē‚év‚ð‹­’ē‚ĩ‚Ü‚ĩ‚―B

‚RD            Taxes ‚Å‚ā—Į‚Ē‚Å‚·‚ŠAŽRŠx‹~•‚Ė‚―‚ß‚Ė“Á•ĘÅ‚Š‚ ‚é‚æ‚Ī‚É‚ā‚Æ‚ę‚é‚Ė‚ŁAÅ‹āˆę”Ę‚ðŽw‚·‚æ‚Ī‚É tax revenues ‚É‚ĩ‚Ü‚ĩ‚―B

‚SD            “ņ‚‚Ė•ķ‚É•Š‚Ŋ‚āA‘˜“ïŽŌ‚Š”ï—p‚𕉒S‚·‚é•K—v‚Š‚Č‚Ē‚ą‚Æ‚ð‹­’ē‚ĩ‚Ü‚ĩ‚―B

‚TD            ‘˜“ïŽŌŽĐg‚Æ‚·‚é‚æ‚čA‚ā‚Á‚ƈę”Ę“I‚É‘˜“ïŽŌ‚ĖŠÖŒWŽŌ‚É‚ĩ‚―‚Ų‚Ī‚Š•ķ–Ž‚ɍ‡‚Á‚Ä‚Ē‚Ü‚·B

‚UD            ŒŧÝ‚Å‚Íbut‚ÅŽn‚Ü‚é•ķ‚Å‚ā‚Đ‚Ü‚í‚Č‚ĒA‚Æ‚ģ‚ę‚Ä‚Ē‚Ü‚·‚ŠA‚ą‚ą‚Å‚Í’i—Ž‚Š•Ï‚í‚é‚Ė‚Å‘O‚Ė’i—Ž‚Æ‚ĖŠÔ‚ŠˆęŒÄ‹z‚ ‚Ē‚Ä‚Ē‚Ü‚·BHowever ‚Ė•û‚ŠŒę’ē‚Š—Į‚­‚Č‚č‚Ü‚·B

‚VD            ’·‚Ē•ķ‚Č‚Ė‚Å“ņ‚‚ɕŠ‚Ŋ‚Ä“Į‚Ý‚â‚·‚­‚ĩ‚Ü‚ĩ‚―B

‚WD            Prior to~ ‚́`‚ɐæ‚ū‚Á‚Ä‚ĖˆÓ–Ą‚Å before~ ‚Æ“Ŋ‚ķ‚Å‚·‚ŠA‚ą‚ą‚Å‚ÍŒã‚ë‚Ė‚­‚éŒę‹å‚Š rescue ‚Æ’Z‚Ē‚Ė‚Åprior to rescue ‚Æ‚ĩ‚Ü‚ĩ‚―B

‚XD            Œģ‚Ė•ķ‚ÍŠČ—Š‚Å‚·‚ŠAŠČ—Š‰ß‚Ž‚ÄŽ–ŽĀŠÖŒW‚Š—Į‚­‚í‚Đ‚č‚Ü‚đ‚ņ‚Đ‚įA’N‚Š’N‚Đ‚į‚Į‚Ī‚·‚é‚Đ‚ð–ūŠm‚É‚ĩ‚Ü‚ĩ‚―B

 

police

 

police ‚Í•Ą‡–žŽŒ‚Å’Ęí‚Í the police ‚ÅŒxŽ@‘gDˆę”Ę‚ðŽw‚ĩ‚Ü‚·B‚Ü‚―ŠĨŽŒ‚Č‚ĩ‚ÅŒxŽ@ŠŊˆę”Ę‚ðŽw‚ĩ‚Ü‚·B

 

—áF

 

I think you should go to the police.

The police are investigating this case intensively.

There are police all over the area because of a serious traffic accident.

 

pay

 

‘ã‹ā‚ð•Ĩ‚ĪA‚ÆŒū‚ĪˆÓ–Ą‚Ėpay ‚ÍŽŸ‚Ė‚æ‚Ī‚ÉŽg‚Ē‚Ü‚·B

He refused to pay in cash. Instead, he paid by check. (ŽĐ“ŪŽŒ)

He paid to see the show.(ŽĐ“ŪŽŒ)

He paid for repairing his computer.iŽĐ“ŪŽŒj

I pay my son 2,000 yen a month to cut the grass.(‘ž“ŪŽŒ)

He paid ten million yen for his new house.i‘ž“ŪŽŒj

 

“YíŒã‚Ė•ķÍ

Who1 pays for rescue operations of mountain accidents when helicopters and rescue teams are used?

The Nagano Prefectural Police, which is responsible for the Japan Alps region, has a mountain rescue team that is composed of 15 policemen. The rescue team members are located in the police headquarters and three other places in the prefecture. The Nagano Prefectural Police says that the expenses of mountain rescuer operations are paid by tax revenues. In other words, those related to the victims of - mountain accidents do not pay at all.

However, some accidents call for urgent help  or take place in bad weather. In such instances, the police might ask private citizens such as  those working at mountain lodges to participate in the rescue team. In this type of case, those related to the mountain accident victims must pay the wages of these private citizens. Prior to rescue, the police will get approval from those related to the accident victims before they ask for assistance from private citizens.

 

—ûK–â‘č@‚R@uŒĩ‚ĩ‚Ē‚‘ē‚ĖAEŽsęv

 

–kŠC“đ˜J“­‹Į‚Í‚WŒŽ‚Q‚U“úA—ˆt‚Ė‚Z‘ē‹Æ—\’čŽŌ‚ɑ΂·‚é“đ“ā‚Ė‹ló‹ĩi‚VŒŽ––ŒŧÝj‚ð”­•\‚ĩ‚―BAEŠó–]ŽŌ‚P–œ‚Q‚V‚V‚Tl‚ɑ΂·‚鋁l”‚Í‚R‚T‚W‚UlB‹l”{—Ķ‚Í‘O”N“ŊŒŽ”ä‚OE‚O‚Vƒ|ƒCƒ“ƒg’ቚ‚Ė‚OE‚Q‚W”{‚Æ‚Č‚čAŒŧs‚ĖĖ—p‘IlE“ā’čŠJŽn“úi‚XŒŽ‚P‚U“új‚Š’č‚ß‚į‚ę‚―‚P‚X‚W‚W”NˆČ~‚ōňŦ‚Æ‚Č‚Á‚―B

@

‚‘ē—\’čŽŌ‚ɑ΂·‚鋁l‚Í‚UŒŽ’†{‚Đ‚įŽó‚Ŋ•t‚Ŋ‚ŠŽn‚Ü‚Á‚―‚ŠAŒĩ‚ĩ‚ĒŒoÏîĻ‚ð”―‰f‚ĩA‘O”N”ä‚P‚Q‚P‚OlA‚Q‚TE‚Q“‚āŒļ­‚ĩ‚―B“đ“āŠé‹Æ‚Í‚Q‚U‚O‚Tl‚Å‚V‚R‚XlŒļA“đŠOŠé‹Æ‚Í‚X‚W‚Pl‚Å‚S‚V‚PlŒļ‚Æ‚Č‚Á‚―B

 

ˆę•ûAAEŠó–]ŽŌ‚Í—ˆt‚Ė‘ē‹Æ—\’čŽŌ‚U–œ‚Q‚T‚R‚Ql‚Ė‚Ī‚ŋ‚Q‚OE‚S“B‘O”N‚æ‚č‚P‚O‚P‚RlA‚VE‚R“Œļ­‚ĩ‚Ä‚Ē‚éB“Ŋ‹Į‚Í‹l”‚ŠŒļ‚čAŠó–]‚·‚éEŽí‚ɏAE‚Å‚Ŧ‚Č‚Ēó‹ĩ‚ðŒĐ‹É‚߁A‘X‚Ɛi˜HŠó–]‚ð•ÏX‚ĩAE‹ÆŒP—ûŠwZ‚âę–åŠwZ‚ɐ؂č‘Ö‚Ķ‚Ä‚Ē‚é‚ą‚Æ‚Šl‚Ķ‚į‚ę‚é‚Æ‚Ē‚ĪB

 

“Ŋ‹Į‚ł́AŠeƒnƒ[ƒ[ƒN‚Ė‹lŠJ‘ņ„iˆõ‚Č‚Į‚ŠŠé‹Æ‚ð–K–â‚·‚é‚Č‚Į‚ĩA‘‚ß‚ĖĖ—pŒv‰æ‚𗧂Ăé‚æ‚Ī—vŋ‚ĩ‚Ä‚Ē‚é‚ŠAŠé‹Æ‘Ī‚́uŒoÏó‹ĩ‚ŠŒĩ‚ĩ‚­ŒĐ’Ę‚ĩ‚Š—§‚―‚Č‚Ēv‚Æ‚Ė”―‰ž‚ŁAĄ”N‚āŒĩ‚ĩ‚ĒAEíü‚ð—\‘Š‚ĩ‚Ä‚Ē‚éB

 

“ĮŽŌ‚Đ‚į‚Ė“Še@‚Timxtomi, 4 May 13j

 

"Harsh Job Markets for High School Graduates "

 

On August 26, the labor department of Hokkaido announced the status (as of the end of July) of recruitment for high school graduates next spring in Hokkaido. The number of job offers was 3,586 versus 12,775 job seekers. The ratio of offers to job seekers was down 0.07 from the same month the year before to 0.28, a record low since 1988 when current officially agreed date of starting hiring process (September 16) was established.

 

The recruitment of high school graduates started in the middle of June. Reflecting grim economic situation, the numbers of job offers went down by as many as 1,210 or 25.2% versus last year. Job offers from companies in Hokkaido decreased by 739 to 2,605 and those from outside Hokkaido by 471 to 981. Meanwhile, the 12,775 job seekers represent 20.4% of high school graduates next spring. This number of jobseekers itself went down by 1,013 or 7.3% versus last year.

 

The labor department says that prospective graduates apparently have changed their career choice to continuing their education at a vocational school or a technical school, in consideration of harsh job market where it is difficult for them to get the desired types of work. Recruitment promoters from unemployment offices are busy visiting companies to ask them to develop recruitment plan as early as possible. Nevertheless, responses from companies are weak due to bleak economic outlook. The labor department predicts tight job market will continue into this year too.

 

“Yí

 

"Harsh Job Markets for High School Graduates "

 

On August 26, the labor department of Hokkaido Government announced the status (as of the end of July) of recruitment for high school graduates next spring in Hokkaido. The number of job offers was 3,586 versus for 12,775 job seekers. The ratio of offers to job seekers decreased by was down 0.07 from the same month in the previous year before to 0.28, a record low since 1988 when the current officially agreed date of announcing job offers starting hiring process1 (September 16) was established.

 

The recruitment of high school graduates started in the middle of June. Reflecting the grim economic situation, the numbers of job offers went down by as many as 1,210 or 25.2% from versus last year. Job offers from companies in Hokkaido decreased by 739 to 2,605 and those from outside Hokkaido by 471 to 981. Meanwhile, the 12,775 job seekers represent 20.4% of high school graduates next spring. This number of jobseekers itself went down by 1,013 or 7.3% from versus2 last year.

 

The labor department says that prospective graduates apparently have changed their career choices and decided3 to continuinge their education at a vocational school or a technical school, in consideration of the harsh job market where it is difficult for them to get the desired types of work they want. Recruitment promoters from unemployment offices are busy visiting companies to ask them to develop recruitment plans as early as possible. Nevertheless, responses from companies are weak due to the bleak economic outlook. The labor department predicts the tight job market will continue into this year too.

 

 

ƒRƒƒ“ƒg

 

“ā—e‚Ė‚·‚Ũ‚Ä‚Š‚í‚Đ‚č‚Ü‚·B

 

1.       ‚ą‚ę‚Í“ā’čŠJŽn“ú‚ŁAĖ—pŠˆ“Ū‚Í‚UŒŽ ‚Đ‚įŽn‚Ü‚Á‚Ä‚Ē‚Ü‚·B

 

2.       The number of graduates was 120 this year versus 150 last year.‚Ė‚æ‚Ī‚Éversus‚Í“ņ‚‚Ė”Žš‚Ė‘Δä‚ÉŽg‚Ē‚Ü‚·B

 

3.       æ‚ļ‚͐i˜HŠó–]‚ð•ÏX‚ĩA‚ŧ‚Ė‚―‚ß‚É•K—v‚Č—pˆÓ‚ð‚·‚é‚―‚߂ɐE‹ÆŒP—ûŠwZ‚âę–åŠwZ‚ɍs‚­‚ą‚Æ‚ðŒˆ‚ß‚―A‚Æ‚Ē‚ĪˆÓ–Ą‚Č‚Ė‚Å“Yí‚Ė‚æ‚Ī‚É‚·‚é‚Æ‚í‚Đ‚č‚â‚·‚Ē‚Å‚ĩ‚å‚ĪB

 

“YíŒã‚Ė•ķÍ

 

"Harsh Job Markets for High School Graduates "

 

On August 26, the labor department of Hokkaido Government announced the status (as of the end of July) of recruitment for high school graduates next spring in Hokkaido. The number of job offers was 3,586 for 12,775 job seekers. The ratio of offers to job seekers decreased by  0.07 from the same month in the previous year  to 0.28, a record low since 1988 when the current officially agreed date of announcing job offers (September 16) was established.

 

The recruitment of high school graduates started in the middle of June. Reflecting the grim economic situation, the numbers of job offers went down by as many as 1,210 or 25.2% from  last year. Job offers from companies in Hokkaido decreased by 739 to 2,605 and those from outside Hokkaido by 471 to 981. Meanwhile, the 12,775 job seekers represent 20.4% of high school graduates next spring. This number of jobseekers itself went down by 1,013 or 7.3% from  last year.

 

The labor department says that prospective graduates apparently have changed their career choices and decided to continue their education at a vocational school or a technical school, in consideration of the harsh job market where it is difficult for them to get the types of work they want. Recruitment promoters from employment offices are busy visiting companies to ask them to develop recruitment plans as early as possible. Nevertheless, responses from companies are weak due to the bleak economic outlook. The labor department predicts the tight job market will continue into this year.

 

 

“ĮŽŌ‚Đ‚į‚Ė“Še@‚SiP&C, 29 Aug 08j

 

"Severe Job Market for Graduates from High School"

 

On August 26, the Hokkaido Labor Department published a condition of new employment plan for those who graduate from high school next spring in Hokkaido (as of July 31). On the one hand, the number of those who seek jobs was 12,275, on the other hand, the number of positions which companies would offer was 3,586. Job-offers-seekers ratio was 0.28, which was 0.07 lower than the ratio of July in last year. Since 1988 when present selection agreement on employment and opening date for unofficial decision (September 1) were prescribed, the ratio of 0.28 was the worst.

 

Information on job offers for those who graduate from high school next spring was opened from the middle of June. Job offers reflected present severe economical situations and was 1210 fewer in actual numbers and 25. 2 percent lower in percentage terms than last year. The number of job offers was 2605, 739 fewer than last year, from companies within Hokkaido and was 981, 471 fewer, from companies outside Hokkaido.

 

By the way, 20.4 percent of 62,532 high school students who graduate next spring hope to find employment. The number of job seekers of students was 1013 fewer and 7.3 percent lower than last year. The Department attributed the causes of the decrease to that job seekers grasped decrease of the number of job offers and mismatches between job seekers and employers, changed their career choices early and hoped to go to vocational training schools or professional training college.

 

Members stationed at each unemployment office who pioneer and promote job offers have visited companies and requested them to plan early new employment. However, each company responded that they couldn't plan new employment because of present severe economical situations. The Department forecasts there also occur severe employment battle lines this year. 

 

“Yí

 

"Severe Job Market Markets for High School Graduates from High School"

 

On August 26, the Hokkaido Department of Labor Department published a report on the job market‚P (as of July 31) for condition of new employment plan for those who graduates from high school next spring in Hokkaido (as of July 31). On the one hand, tThe number of those who seek sought a jobs was 12,275, while on the other hand, the number of positions which companies would offer was 3,586. The Jjob-offers-seekers ratio was 0.28, which was 0.07 lower than the ratio in of July in last year. The job-offers-seeker ration of 0.28 was the worst Ssince 1988 when the present selection date of September 16  agreement was established on as the employment and opening date day for companiesf giving  high school graduates next year informal job offers unofficial decision (September 1) were prescribed, the ratio of 0.28 was the worst2.

 

Information In the middle of June, companies started accepting applications for jobs on job offers for from  those who graduate from high school next spring was opened from the middle of June. Job offers rReflecteding the present severe economical conditions, situations and  the number of job offers was 1,210 fewer than last year (a in actual numbers and 25. 2 percent decrease) lower in percentage terms than last year.: The number of job offers was 2605, or‚R 739 fewer than last year, from companies in within Hokkaido and was 981, or 471 fewer than last year, from companies outside of Hokkaido.

 

By the way, 20.4 percent of 62,532 high school students who graduate next spring hope to find employment a job. The number of students looking for a job seekers of students was 1,013 fewer than last year ( and a 7.3 percent decrease4) lower than last year. The Department attributed the causes of the decrease in the percentage of to that job seekers to the fact that high school students realized the grasped decrease in of the number of job offers and mismatches between job seekers and employers, changed their career choices early and hoped decided5 to go to vocational training schools or professional training college.

 

The Department had asked its employment offices to send the staff Members stationed at each unemployment office who pioneer and promote job offers have visited to companies and requested them to make a recruitment plan early earlier than the regular year new employment6. However, each the companyies responded that they couldn't make a recruitment plan new employment because of the present severe economical conditions situations. The Department forecasts  tough job markets for high school graduates this year again there also occur severe employment battle lines this year. 

 

ƒRƒƒ“ƒg

 

‰p•ķ‚Ė“ā—e‚ĖŠT—Š‚Í‚í‚Đ‚č‚Ü‚·‚ŠA”‰ÓŠ‚í‚Đ‚į‚Č‚Ē‚Æ‚ą‚ë‚Š‚ ‚č‚Ü‚·B

 

1.       u“đ“ā‚Ė‹ló‹ĩv‚Æ“ú–{•ķ‚É‚ ‚č‚Ü‚·‚ŠA‚ą‚ę‚Í“ā—e‚ðŽæ‚Á‚āu˜J“­Žsęv‚Æ‚ĩ‚―‚Ų‚Ī‚Š‚í‚Đ‚č‚â‚·‚­‚Č‚č‚Ü‚·B‚ą‚Ė‚æ‚Ī‚É“ú–{Œę‚Å“Æ“Á‚Ė•\Œŧ‚ð‚·‚é‚ā‚Ė‚ð‰p•ķ‚Å‚Į‚Ī•\Œŧ‚·‚é‚Đ‚Í“ï‚ĩ‚Ē–â‘č‚Å‚·B“ú–{•ķ‚Ė•\Œŧ‚ð‚ā‚Á‚ƈę”Ę“I‚Č•\Œŧ‚ÉŒū‚ĒŠ·‚Ķ‚āA‚ą‚Ėˆę”Ę“I‚Č“ú–{Œę‚Ė•\Œŧ‚ð‰pŒę‚Å•\Œŧ‚·‚éA‚Æ‚Ē‚Ī•û–@‚ð‚Æ‚é‚Æ‚æ‚Ē‚Å‚ĩ‚å‚ĪB

 

2.       u“ā’čv‚ðan informal job offer‚Æ‚·‚é‚Æ‚í‚Đ‚č‚â‚·‚­‚Č‚č‚Ü‚·B

 

3.       “ņ‚”Žš‚Š‘ą‚­‚Ė‚Åor‚ð‚Ē‚ę‚é‚Æ“Į‚Ý‚â‚·‚­‚Č‚č‚Ü‚·B

 

4.       ”Žš‚ƃp[ƒZƒ“ƒg‚ð•Ā‚Ũ‚é‹Lq•û–@‚Í“ú–{•ķ‚Å‚æ‚­Žg‚í‚ę‚Ü‚·B‰p•ķ‚Å‚Í“ņ‚•Ā‚Ũ‚é‚Æ‚ē‚―‚ē‚―‚ĩ‚Ä‚í‚Đ‚č‚É‚­‚­‚Č‚é‚Ė‚ŁA‚ą‚ą‚ł̓p[ƒZƒ“ƒg‚Ė‚Ų‚Ī‚ðŠČ’P‚Č‹Lq•û–@‚É‚ĩ‚Ü‚ĩ‚―B

 

5.       ui˜HŠó–]‚ð•ÏX‚ĩv‚Æ‚ ‚č‚Ü‚·‚ŠA’P‚Édecided to go to college‚Å‚æ‚Ē‚Å‚ĩ‚å‚ĪB

 

6.       Members stationed at each unemployment office who pioneer and promote job offers have visited companies and requested them to plan early new employment.‚Ė‰šü•”•Š‚Š‚í‚Đ‚č‚Ü‚đ‚ņB“Yí‚Ė‚æ‚Ī‚ɐā–ū‚ĩ‚Ä‚Ý‚Ü‚ĩ‚―B

 

“YíŒã‚Ė•ķÍ

 

"Severe Job Markets for High School Graduates "

 

On August 26, the Hokkaido Department of Labor  published a report on the job market (as of July 31) for  graduates from high school next spring in Hokkaido. The number of those who sought a job was 12,275, while  the number of positions which companies would offer was 3,586. The job-offers-seekers ratio was 0.28, which was 0.07 lower than the ratio in July last year. The job-offers-seeker ration of 0.28 was the worst since 1988 when the present date of September 16  was established as the  opening day for companiesf giving high school graduates next year informal job offers.

 

In the middle of June, companies started accepting applications for jobs from those who graduate high school next spring. Reflecting the present severe economical conditions, the number of job offers was 1,210 fewer than last year (a  25. 2 percent decrease): The number of job offers was 2605, or 739 fewer than last year from companies in  Hokkaido and  981, or 471 fewer than last year from companies outside of Hokkaido.

 

By the way, 20.4 percent of 62,532 high school students who graduate next spring hope to find a job. The number of students looking for a job was 1,013 fewer than last year ( a 7.3 percent decrease). The Department attributed the causes of the decrease in the percentage of job seekers to the fact that high school students realized the decrease in  the number of job offers and decided to go to vocational training school or professional training college.

 

The Department had asked its employment offices to send the staff to companies and request them to make a recruitment plan earlier than the regular year. However, the companies responded that they couldn't make a recruitment plan because of the present severe economical conditions. The Department forecasts tough job markets for high school graduates this year again . 

 

 

“ĮŽŌ‚Đ‚į‚Ė“Še@‚RiKalo, 22 March 08j

 

"Job Outlook Remains Bleak for High School Graduates in Hokkaido"

 

The job situation for high school students leaving school next spring has been worsening, according to a report released by the Hokkaido Labor Bureau on August 26.

 

The report said that only 3,586 jobs were offered in July while 12,775 high school graduates hoped to join companies next spring. This figure brought the openings-to-applications ratio to 0.28, which means 28 jobs were offered for every 100 job seekers.

 

The ratio decreased by 0.07 percent from the same month last year, reaching the lowest-ever level since 1998, when a fixed time frame was set for when companies can start screening procedures and give informal job offers to high school graduates (September 16).      

 

The job market for high school graduates, which opened in the middle of June, reflected the harsh economic conditions in Japan.

 

In fact, the number of job openings for high school graduates decreased sharply by 1,210 or 25.2 percent from last year; 2,605 jobs were offered in Hokkaido, down 739 from last year and 981 jobs outside of Hokkaido, down 471 from last year.

 

The report also indicated that 20.4 percent of 67,253 high school students leaving school next spring (roughly 14,000 students) hoped to join companies, which decreased by 1,013 or 7.3 percent from last year. This was because many high school graduates realized that they couldn't get a job they wanted in the bleak job market and decided to go to vocational schools, the Hokkaido Labor Bureau says.

 

To increase the number of job openings, the Bureau is requesting companies to make recruitment plans earlier through staff members of Hello Work, a public job placement agency.

 

However, companies are slow to respond to the request, saying that they can't decide now how many high school graduates they will hire because of the harsh economic conditions.

 

The job outlook for high school graduates remains bleak this year, the Bureau forecasts.

 

“Yí

 

"Job Outlook Remains Bleak for High School Graduates in Hokkaido"

 

The job situation markets for high school students leaving school next spring has been worsening, according to a report released by the Hokkaido Labor Bureau on August 26.

 

The report said that only 3,586 jobs were offered in July while 12,775 high school graduates hoped to join companies next spring. This These figures have brought the openings-to-applications ratio down to 0.28, which means 28 jobs were offered for every 100 job seekers.

 

The ratio decreased by 0.07 percent point1 from the same month last year, reaching the lowest-ever level since 1998, when the date a fixed time frame was set for when for companies can to start screening procedures and give informal job offers to high school graduates was set as (September 16).      

 

This year, Tthe job market for high school graduates, which opened in the middle of June, and turned out to be very tough for high school graduates, reflecteding the harsh economic conditions in Japan2.

 

In fact, the number of job openings for high school graduates decreased sharply by 1,210 or 25.2 percent from last year; 2,605 jobs were offered by companies in Hokkaido, ( down 739 less job offers from last year) and 981 jobs by companies outside of Hokkaido, down( 471 less job offers from last year).

 

The report also indicated that 20.4 percent of 67,253 high school graduates students leaving school next spring (roughly 14,000 students) hoped to get a job join companies, whichThis3 was a  decreased by 1,013 or 7.3 percent from last year. This decrease was mainly because many high school graduates realized that they couldn't get a job they wanted in the bleak job market and decided to go to vocational schools, the Hokkaido Labor Bureau says.

 

To increase the number of job openings, the Bureau is sending its Hello Work (a public job placement agency) staff to requesting companies requesting them to make recruitment plans earlier in the recruitment season through staff members of Hello Work, a public job placement agency4.

 

However, companies are slow to in responding to the request, saying that they can't decide now how many high school graduates they will hire because of the harsh economic conditions.

 

The job outlook for high school graduates remains bleak this year, the Bureau forecasts.

 

ƒRƒƒ“ƒg

 

“ā—e‚Ė‘‚Ä‚Š‚í‚Đ‚č‚Ü‚·B’i—Ž‚Ė‹æØ‚č‚ÍŽ‹Šo“I‚Č“Į‚Ý‚â‚·‚ģi’Z‚Ē’i—Žj‚Æ“ā—e‚Ė”cˆŽ‚Ė—eˆÕ‚ģi“Ŋ‚ķŽ–•ŋ‚͈ę‚‚Ė’i—Ž‚É‚·‚éj‚ĖŒ“‚ˍ‡‚Ē‚Å‚·BÅ‹ß‚Ė‰pŽšV•·‚Å‚Í’i—Ž‚Š’Z‚­‚Č‚éŒXŒü‚Š‚ ‚č‚Ü‚·B“YíŒã‚Ė•ķÍ‚Å‚ÍŽ„•—‚Ė’i—Ž‚ɕύX‚ĩ‚Ü‚ĩ‚―B

 

1.       A ratio‚ŠA—á‚Ķ‚Î2.5‚Đ‚į2.0‚É•Ï‚í‚é‚ą‚Æ‚ð0.5 ƒ|ƒCƒ“ƒg‰š—Ž‚ĩ‚―A‚Æ•\Œŧ‚ĩ‚―‚Ė‚ū‚Æ‚Ļ‚ā‚Ē‚Ü‚·B

 

2.       ‚ą‚ą‚Í“Yí‚Ė‚æ‚Ī‚ɐā–ū‚ð‰Á‚Ķ‚Ä•ķ‚ð’·‚­‚ĩ‚―‚Ų‚Ī‚Š‚í‚Đ‚č‚â‚·‚Ē‚Å‚ĩ‚å‚ĪB

 

3.       Which‚Š‰―‚ð‚ģ‚·‚Ė‚Đ‚í‚Đ‚č“ï‚Ē‚Ė‚ŁAV‚ĩ‚Ē•ķ‚ðŽn‚߁Athis‚Å‘O‚Ė•ķ‚Ė“ā—e‘S‘Ė‚ðŽw‚·‚æ‚Ī‚É‚·‚é‚Æ‚æ‚Ē‚Å‚ĩ‚å‚ĪB

 

4.       “Yí‚Ė‚æ‚Ī‚ɐŪ—‚·‚é‚Æ‚í‚Đ‚č‚â‚·‚Ē‚Å‚ĩ‚å‚ĪB

 

“YíŒã‚Ė•ķÍ

 

"Job Outlook Remains Bleak for High School Graduates in Hokkaido"

 

The job markets for high school students leaving school next spring has been worsening, according to a report released by the Hokkaido Labor Bureau on August 26.

 

The report said that only 3,586 jobs were offered in July while 12,775 high school graduates hoped to join companies next spring. These figures have brought the openings-to-applications ratio down to 0.28, which means 28 jobs were offered for every 100 job seekers. The ratio decreased by 0.07 point from the same month last year, reaching the lowest-ever level since 1998 when the date for companies to start screening and give informal job offers to high school graduates was set as September 16.      

 

This year, the job market for high school graduates opened in the middle of June and turned out to be very tough for high school graduates, reflecting the harsh economic conditions in Japan. In fact, the number of job openings for high school graduates decreased sharply by 1,210 or 25.2 percent from last year; 2,605 jobs were offered by companies in Hokkaido (739 less job offers from last year) and 981 jobs by companies outside of Hokkaido (471 less job offers from last year).

 

The report also indicated that 20.4 percent of 67,253 high school graduates next spring (roughly 14,000 students) hoped to get a job. This was a decrease by 1,013 or 7.3 percent from last year. This decrease was mainly because many high school graduates realized that they couldn't get a job they wanted in the bleak job market and decided to go to vocational schools, the Hokkaido Labor Bureau says.

 

To increase the number of job openings, the Bureau is sending its Hello Work (a public job placement agency) staff to companies requesting them to make recruitment plans earlier in the recruitment season. However, companies are slow in responding to the request, saying that they can't decide now how many high school graduates they will hire because of the harsh economic conditions.

 

The job outlook for high school graduates remains bleak this year, the Bureau forecasts.

 

 

“ĮŽŌ‚Đ‚į‚Ė“Še@‚QiNOMU, 11 Nov 03j

 

"Severe Job Market For Highschool Graduate"

 

On August 26, the Hokkaido Labor Agency released the report on the hiring outlook of the prefecture(as of the end of July) for the students who will be graduating highschool this spring. There are 3586 job offers for 12775 applicants. The ratio of job offers to applicants has become 0.28, down by 0.07 from the previous year. This is the lowest record since 1988 when the current start date for the screening of applicants and informal appointment(Spt.16) was set. Though the recruiting activities for expected highschlool graduates began in mid June, job offers decreased by as much as 1210 or 25.2% from the previous year reflecting the severe economic climate. The number of job offers within Hokkaido prefecture was 2605, down by 739 and that of outside the prefecture was 981, down by 471. Meanwhile job seekers has decreased to 20.4% of 62532 expected graduates by 1012 or 7.3%. The Agency analyzes the situation and says that many students have already changed their minds and decided to study at vocational schools or technical schools instead of seeking jobs judging that they are not likely to get the job they like. The Agency is requesting companies to draw up earlier recruitment plans by sending recruitment promotion staff from employment service offices but companies' responds are not particularly good saying "We can't have clear prospects in this severe economic climate". The Agency forecasts the job hunting will be severe again.

 

“Yí

 

"Severe Tight1 Job Markets For for High sSchool2 Graduates"

 

On August 26, the Hokkaido Labor Agency released the a report on the hiring outlook of employment prospects (as of the end of July) in the prefecture (as of the end of July) for the students who will be graduating high schools this spring. There are were 3,586 job offers for 12,775 applicants. The ratio of job offers to applicants has become was 0.28, down by 0.07 from the previous year last year. This is the lowest record ratio3 since 1988 when the current regulations were set for companies on the starting date (September 16) for of the screening of and offering informal appointments to applicants and informal appointment(Spt.16) was set.

 

Though Although the recruiting activities for expected high schloolschool graduates began in mid- June, the number of job offers decreased by as much many as 1,210 or 25.2% from the previous last year. This reflects reflecting the current severe economic climate. The number of job offers within Hokkaido prefecture was 2,605, down by 739 from last year and that of outside the prefecture was 981, down by 471. Meanwhile, the percentage of job seekers has decreased to 20.4% percent of 62,532 expected high school graduates. This means that the number of job seekers decreased by 1,012 from last year or 7.3%. per cent4

 

The Agency analyzes the situation and says that many high school students graduates, judging that they are not likely to get the job they like, have already changed their minds and decided to study go to at vocational schools or technical schools instead of seeking jobs judging that they are not likely to get the job they like. The Agency is requesting companies to draw up earlier recruitment plans earlier, by sending their recruitment promotion staff from employment service offices. but cCompanies' responds responses, however, are not particularly good. The companies saying say, "We can't have  clear prospects in this severe economic climate.". The Agency forecasts that the job markets will be tight for high school graduates this year hunting will be severe again5.

 

ƒRƒƒ“ƒg

 

1.       tight‚Æ‚·‚é‚Æsevere‚æ‚č‹ï‘Ė“I‚É‚Č‚č‚Ü‚·BSevere‚͏ó‘Ô‚Ė’ö“x‚ð•\‚·‚Ė‚ŁA˜J“­Žsę‚Ė‰―‚ŠŒĩ‚ĩ‚Ē‚Ė‚Đ‚í‚Đ‚č‚Ü‚đ‚ņBSevere coldness‚Æ‚Ē‚Ī‚æ‚Ī‚ÉŽg‚Ī‚Æ‚Ŧ‚ÍŽŸ‚Ésevere‚Ė‘ΏۂŠ‚ ‚é‚Ė‚ňӖĄ‚Š‚í‚Đ‚č‚Ü‚·B

 

2.       ‚Z‚Íhighschool‚Ə‘‚Ŧ‚―‚­‚Č‚č‚Ü‚·‚ˁBŽĀ‚Íhigh school‚Å‚·B‰―‚Šhigh‚Č‚Ė‚Đ•Š‚Đ‚į‚Č‚Ē•sŽv‹c‚ČŒę‹å‚Å‚·Bƒ[ƒvƒ‚Đƒ[ƒ‹ƒ\ƒtƒg‚ɂ‚Ē‚Ä‚Ē‚éƒXƒyƒ‹ƒ`ƒFƒbƒJ[‚Å•’ʂ݂͂‚Ђč‚Ü‚·B

 

3.       ‘O‚Ė•ķ‚ɏo‚Ä‚­‚ératio‚ðŽg‚Ī‚Æ•ķÍ‚Ė’†‚Å“Ŋ‚ķ‘ΏۂðŽw‚·‚Æ‚Ŧ‚Ė–žŽŒ‚ɈęŠŅŦ‚Š‚ ‚čA“ĮŽŌ‚É•Š‚Đ‚č‚â‚·‚­‚Č‚č‚Ü‚·B

 

4.       uAEŠó–]ŽŌ‚Í—ˆt‚Ė‘ē‹Æ—\’čŽŌ‚U–œ‚Q‚T‚R‚Ql‚Ė‚Ī‚ŋ‚Q‚OE‚S“B‘O”N‚æ‚č‚P‚O‚P‚RlA‚VE‚R“Œļ­‚ĩ‚Ä‚Ē‚éBv‚͐V•·‹LŽ–‚Č‚Į‚É—Į‚­‚ ‚é“ā—e‚ð’Zk‚ĩ‚―•\Œŧ‚Å‚·B‰p•ķ‚Å•\Œŧ‚·‚é‚Æ‚Ŧ‚́A”Žš‚ĖˆÓ–Ą‚ð‚Í‚Á‚Ŧ‚č‚ģ‚đ‚é‚æ‚Ī‚ɁA“Yí‚Ė‚æ‚Ī‚É•Š‚Ŋ‚Đā–ū‚·‚é‚Æ‚æ‚Ē‚Å‚ĩ‚å‚ĪB

 

5.       •ķÍ‚ĖŒ‹˜_‚Ė•ķ‚Č‚Ė‚Å“Yí‚Ė‚æ‚Ī‚É“ā—e‚ð—v–ņ‚·‚é‚Æ—Į‚Ē‚Å‚ĩ‚å‚ĪB

 

“YíŒã‚Ė•ķÍ

 

"Tight Job Markets for High School Graduates"

 

On August 26, the Hokkaido Labor Agency released a report on employment prospects (as of the end of July) in the prefecture for the students who will be graduating high schools this spring. There were 3,586 job offers for 12,775 applicants. The ratio of job offers to applicants was 0.28, down by 0.07 from last year. This is the lowest ratio@since 1988 when the current regulations were set for companies on the starting date (September 16) of screening and offering informal appointments to applicants.

 

Although the recruiting activities for high school graduates began in mid-June, the number of job offers decreased as many as 1,210 or 25.2% from last year. This reflects the current severe economic climate. The number of job offers within Hokkaido was 2,605, down by 739 from last year and that of outside the prefecture was 981, down by 471. Meanwhile, the percentage of job seekers has decreased to 20.4percent of 62,532 high school graduates. This means that the number of job seekers decreased by 1,012 from last year or 7.3per cent.

 

The Agency analyzes the situation that many high school graduates, judging that they are not likely to get the job they like, have already changed their minds and decided to go to vocational schools or technical schools. The Agency is requesting companies to draw up recruitment plans earlier, by sending their recruitment promotion staff from employment service offices. Companies' responses, however, are not particularly good. The companies say, "We can't have clear prospects in this severe economic climate." The Agency forecasts that job markets will be tight for high school graduates this year again.

 

 

 

“ĮŽŌ‚Đ‚į‚Ė“Še ‚P iƒpƒ“ƒ_A12 Sept 02j

 

On August 26, the Department of Labor of the Government of Hokkaido released a report on the job openings in Hokkaido (as of July, 2002) for new high school graduates next Spring. The number of graduates who want to work will be 12,775. The number of job openings will be 3,586. That is, there will be only 29 job openings for each 100 graduates. This will be 7 less openings for each 100 graduates than in the same survey conducted in last July. And this yearfs figure was the worst since 1988 when current regulations were set for the first day of recruiting activities and informal job offers (September 16 every year).

Employers started announcing job openings for the new high school graduates in June. But reflecting tough economic situations, the number of job openings decreased by 1,210, or 25.2% over the same time last year. The number of job openings by companies in Hokkaido was 2,605 or 739 less than last year, and by companies outside of Hokkaido was 981, or 471 less than last year.

 

On the other hand, 20.4% of 62,532 students who are expected to graduate high school next year want to work. This is 7.3% less than the last yearfs percentage. In other words, 1,013 less graduates than last year are looking for jobs. The Department of Labor speculates that the tough labor market situation has forced some graduates give up job hunting and already decided to go to job training schools and vocational colleges.

 

The Department of Labor is encouraging employers to decide recruitment plans for the next year as early as possible through Hello Work staff in charge of expanding job opening opportunities. But employers are responding slow, saying that the tough economic situation makes it difficult to decide the number of job openings. The Department of Labor predicts that job hunting will be very tough for the high school graduates this year again.

 

“Yí

 

On August 26, the Department of Labor of the Government of Hokkaido released a report on the job openings in Hokkaido (as of July, 2002) for those graduating1 new high school graduates next Spring spring. The number of graduates who want to work2 will be is 12,775. while The  the number of job openings will be is 3,586. That is, there will be are only 29 job openings for each  every 100 graduates3. This will be  is 7 less  fewer openings for each  every 100 graduates than in  when compared to the same survey conducted in last July4. And  Also, this yearfs figures was  were the worst since 1988 when current regulations were set for the first day of recruiting activities and informal job offers (September 16 every year).

 

Employers started announcing job openings for the new high school graduates in June. But reflecting tough economic situations, the number of job openings decreased by 1,210, or 25.2% over the same time last year5. The number of job openings by companies in Hokkaido was 2,605, or 739 less than last year, and by companies outside of Hokkaido was 981, or 471 less than last year.

 

On the other hand, 20.4% of 62,532 students who are expected to graduate high school next year want to work. This is 7.3% less than the last yearfs percentage. In other words, 1,013 less graduates than last year are looking for jobs. The Department of Labor speculates that the tough labor market situation has forced some graduates to give up job hunting and already decided 6to go to job training schools and vocational colleges instead.

 

The Department of Labor is encouraging employers to decide report recruitment plans for the next year as early as possible through Hello Work staff in charge of expanding job opening opportunities availability. But employers are responding slowly, saying that the tough economic situation makes it difficult to decide what the number of job openings will be7. The Department of Labor predicts that, this year again, job hunting will be very tough for the high school graduates this year again.

 

ƒRƒƒ“ƒg

‚ą‚Ė—á‘č‚Ė‚æ‚Ī‚ɐ”Žš‚Š‚―‚­‚ģ‚ņ‚ ‚é•ņ‘‚́A“ĮŽŌ‚ðŽ—‚ģ‚đ‚Č‚Ē‚æ‚Ī‚ɐ”Žš‚ðãŽč‚ɘ_—“I‚É‚·‚Á‚Ŧ‚č‚í‚Đ‚é‚æ‚Ī‚É•\Œŧ‚·‚é•K—v‚Š‚ ‚č‚Ü‚·Bƒpƒ“ƒ_‚ģ‚ņ‚Ė“Še—á‚É‚Í‚Ē‚ë‚Ē‚ë‚ȍH•v‚ŠŒĐ‚į‚ę‚Ü‚·B

 

‚PD            ‚PDŒģ‚Ė•ķ‚Å‚āˆÓ–Ą‚Í‚í‚Đ‚č‚Ü‚·‚ŠAhigh school graduates (–žŽŒ)‚ðgraduating high school i“ŪŽŒ‹åj‚Å•\Œŧ‚ĩ‚―‚Ų‚Ī‚Š‚í‚Đ‚č‚â‚·‚­‚Č‚č‚Ü‚·B

‚QD            ‚QD’ēļ‚Í7ŒŽ‚ɍs‚í‚ę‚―‚ā‚Ė‚Å‚·‚ŠA‚ą‚Ė•ņ‚Š‚ģ‚ę‚―‚Ė‚Í‚Ü‚ū8ŒŽ‚Å‚·‚Đ‚įA”Žš‚ÍŒŧÝ‚ā’Ę—p‚·‚é‚ā‚Ė‚Æ‚ĩ‚Äbe “ŪŽŒ‚ÍŒŧÝŒ`‚ðŽg‚Ē‚Ü‚·B

‚RD            ‚RDu‹l”{—Ķ‚Í‘O”N“ŊŒŽ”ä‚OE‚O‚Vƒ|ƒCƒ“ƒg’ቚ‚Ė‚OE‚Q‚W”{‚Æ‚Č‚čAŒŧs‚ĖĖ—p‘IlE“ā’čŠJŽn“úi‚XŒŽ‚P‚U“új‚Š’č‚ß‚į‚ę‚―‚P‚X‚W‚W”NˆČ~‚ōňŦ‚Æ‚Č‚Á‚―Bv‚͏ãŽč‚ɉpŒę‚Å•\Œŧ‚ĩ‚Ä‚ ‚č‚Ü‚·‚ˁB‹l”{—Ķ‚Š0.28‚ð100l‚Ė‹EŽŌ‚É28l‚Ė‹l”‚Æ‹ï‘Ė“I‚É‚í‚Đ‚č‚â‚·‚­•\Œŧ‚ĩ‚Ä‚ ‚č‚Ü‚·B“Ŋ—l‚Ɂu0.07ƒ|ƒCƒ“ƒg‚Ė’ቚv‚āu100l‚Ė‹EŽŌ‚ɂ‚Ē‚Ä7l•Š‹l”‚ŠŒļ­‚ĩ‚―v‚Æ•\Œŧ‚ĩ‚Ä‚ ‚č‚Ü‚·B

‚SD            ‚SD”äŠr‚ĩ‚Ä‚Ē‚é‚ā‚Ė‚͍Ą”N‚Æ‹Ž”N‚Ė‹l”{—Ķ‚Å‚·‚Đ‚įAThis is 7 less openings for each 100 graduates than the number of openings per 100 students found in the same survey conducted last July. ‚Æ•\Œŧ‚Å‚Ŧ‚Ü‚·‚ŠAã‚Ė“Yí—á‚Ė‚Ų‚Ī‚Š‚Í‚Á‚Ŧ‚č‚·‚é‚ÆŽv‚Ē‚Ü‚·B

‚TD            ‚TDu‘O”N”ä‚P‚Q‚P‚OlA‚Q‚TE‚Q“‚āŒļ­‚ĩ‚―v‚́Aƒpƒ“ƒ_‚ģ‚ņ‚Ė“Še—á‚Ė‚æ‚Ī‚É decreased by 1,210, or 25.2% over the same time last year ‚Æ‚ĩ‚Ü‚·B‚ą‚ą‚Å or ˆČ~‚Í‘O‚Ė‹å‚ĖŒū‚Ē‚Č‚Ļ‚ĩ‚ðˆÓ–Ą‚ĩ‚Ä‚Ē‚Ü‚·B•Ö—˜‚Č or ‚ĖŽg‚Ē•û‚Å‚·B

‚UD            ‚UDŠČ—Š‚É‚ĩ‚Ü‚ĩ‚―B

‚VD            ‚VDto decide the number of job openings@‚Å‚āˆÓ–Ą‚Í‚í‚Đ‚č‚Ü‚·‚ŠAto decide what the number of job openings will be ‚Æ‚·‚é‚Æ–žŽŒ‹å‚Š–žŽŒß‚É‚Č‚Á‚Ä“ŪŽŒ‚Š‚ ‚é‚Ė‚ňӖĄ‚Š‚í‚Đ‚č‚â‚·‚­‚Č‚č‚Ü‚·B

 

graduatei“ŪŽŒj

 

I graduated high school last year.i‹Ž”N‚Z‚ð‘ē‹Æ‚ĩ‚―A‚Z‚ĖŠw‹Æ‚ðC—đ‚ĩ‚―j‚ĖˆÓ–Ą‚ĖŽž‚É‚Í high school ‚ÉŠĨŽŒ‚͂‚Ŧ‚Ü‚đ‚ņBI graduated from the University of Hokkaido.i–kŠC“đ‘åŠw‚ð‘ē‹Æ‚ĩ‚―BjI graduated in economics.i‘åŠw‚ÅŒoÏŠw‚ðęU‚ĩ‚Ä‘ē‹Æ‚ĩ‚―Bj‚Č‚ĮŽg‚Ē•û‚Š‚ ‚č‚Ü‚·B

 

Spring (–žŽŒ)

‹Gß‚Ėt‚ð‚ ‚į‚í‚·‚Æ‚Ŧ‚Í spring ‚Í’ŠÛ–žŽŒ‚Å‚·BIt feels like spring today.iĄ“ú‚͏t‚Ė‚æ‚Ī‚É’g‚Đ‚ĒBj in the springut‚ɂ́v, next spring i—ˆ”N‚Ėt‚ɂ́jevery springi–ˆ”Nt‚ɂ́j‚Ė‚æ‚Ī‚ÉŽg‚Ē‚Ü‚·B

I get a hay fever every spring.i–ˆ”Nt‚É‚Č‚é‚ƉԕēĮ‚É‚Č‚éBj

 

“YíŒã‚Ė•ķÍ

 

On August 26, the Department of Labor of the Government of Hokkaido released a report on job openings in Hokkaido (as of July, 2002) for those graduating high school next  spring. The number of graduates who want to work is 12,775 while  the number of job openings  is 3,586. That is, there  are only 29 job openings for  every 100 graduates. This  is 7  fewer openings for every 100 graduates  when compared to the same survey conducted last July.  Also, this year's figures  were the worst since 1988 when current regulations were set for the first day of recruiting activities and informal job offers (September 16 every year).

 

Employers started announcing job openings for high school graduates in June. But reflecting tough economic situations, the number of job openings decreased by 1,210, or 25.2% over the same time last year. The number of job openings by companies in Hokkaido was 2,605, or 739 less than last year, and by companies outside of Hokkaido was 981, or 471 less than last year.

 

On the other hand, 20.4% of 62,532 students who are expected to graduate high school next year want to work. This is 7.3% less than the last year's percentage. In other words, 1,013 less graduates than last year are looking for jobs. The Department of Labor speculates that the tough labor market situation has forced some graduates to give up job hunting and to go to job training schools and vocational colleges instead.

 

The Department of Labor is encouraging employers to report recruitment plans for the next year as early as possible through HelloWork staff in charge of expanding job availability. But employers are responding slowly, saying that the tough economic situation makes it difficult to decide what the number of job openings will be. The Department of Labor predicts that, this year again, job hunting will be very tough for high school graduates.

 

 

—ûK–â‘č@‚SuƒCƒ^ƒŠƒA”_—ŅČ‚ĖĒŠE‚ĖƒCƒ^ƒŠƒA—ŋ—“XŠi•t‚Ŋv

 

ƒCƒ^ƒŠƒA”_—ŅČ‚Í‚ą‚Ė‚Ų‚ĮAĒŠEŠe’n‚ĖƒCƒ^ƒŠƒA—ŋ—“X‚É’ēļˆõ‚ð”hŒ­‚ĩAu–{•Ļ‚Ė–Ąv‚ð’ņ‹Ÿ‚ĩ‚Ä‚Ē‚é‚Đ‚Į‚Ī‚Đ‚ð”F’č‚·‚éu”F’č•ÛØ§“xv‚ð“ą“ü‚·‚é\‘z‚ð–ū‚į‚Đ‚É‚ĩ‚―B

uƒCƒ^ƒŠƒA‘Šø‚Šü‚Á‚Ä‚ ‚é‚ū‚Ŋ‚ŃCƒ^ƒŠƒAƒ“‚Æ‚ÍŒū‚Ē“ï‚ĒƒŒƒXƒgƒ‰ƒ“‚Š‚Í‚Ņ‚ą‚Á‚Ä‚Ē‚évi”_—Ņ‘Šj‚Đ‚į‚ū‚Ɛā–ū‚·‚é‚ŠAuH‚Ė‘v‚Æ‚ĩ‚Ä‚ĖŽĐ•‰‚ū‚Ŋ‚Å‚Č‚­AĒŠE‚ɍL‚Š‚éðĄ‚ĖƒCƒ^ƒŠƒA—ŋ—ƒu[ƒ€‚ðŽĐ‘ŧHÞ‚Ė—Ao‘‚ɂ‚Ȃ°‚æ‚Ī‚Æ‚Ė‘_‚Ē‚ā”wŒi‚É‚ ‚é‚æ‚Ī‚ūB

 

”_—ŅČ•ņ“đŠŊŽš‚Ėā–ū‚É‚æ‚é‚ƁA—ˆ”N‚Đ‚į‚Ė“ą“ü‚ð–ÚŽw‚ĩA‚XŒŽ‚Đ‚į–{Ši“I‚ɏ€”õ‚ðŽn‚ß‚éBŒŧ’iŠK‚Ė\‘z‚ł́A‚Ü‚ļA§“x‚ð‰^‰c‚·‚銔ŽŪ‰ïŽÐ‚ðÝ—§B“ŊŽÐ‚ŠAgŠi•t‚Ŋh‚ðŠó–]‚·‚éĒŠEŠe’n‚ĖƒŒƒXƒgƒ‰ƒ“‚É’ēļˆõ‚ð”hŒ­Aq‚Pr‘ã•\“I‚ČƒCƒ^ƒŠƒA—ŋ—‚Šƒƒjƒ…[‚ÉŠÜ‚Ü‚ę‚Ä‚Ē‚é‚Ёq‚QrƒIƒŠ[ƒu–û‚âƒpƒXƒ^‚Č‚Į‚ĖHÞ‚ɃCƒ^ƒŠƒAŧ‚ŠŽg‚í‚ę‚Ä‚Ē‚é‚Ёq‚RrƒCƒ^ƒŠƒAlƒVƒFƒt‚ā‚ĩ‚­‚́AƒCƒ^ƒŠƒA‚Ė’ē—ŠwZ‚ðo‚―ƒVƒFƒt‚Š‚Ē‚é‚ЁA‚Č‚Į‚ð’ē‚ŨAu‡Šiv‚Č‚į”F’čƒ}[ƒN‚ðŽö—^‚·‚é‚Æ‚Ē‚ĪB

 

“ĮŽŌ‚Đ‚į‚Ė“Še@‚Vimxtomi, 8 June 13 j

 

gItalyfs Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry Certifies Italian Restaurants Worldwideh

 

The Italian Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry has recently revealed its plan to introduce a quality certification program whereby the country dispatches its inspectors to Italian restaurants all over the world to conduct research and issues certificates to the restaurants that provide "authentic Italian cuisine". The minister says the purpose of the new program is to get rid of such Italian restaurants that are decked with the Tricolore but do not serve authentic Italian cuisine deserving the name. Apparently, the ministryfs true intention is not only to sustain the countryfs fame as ga land of good foodh, but also to exploit the world wide Italian cuisine boom as leverage to boost the export of local ingredients. 

 

A government spokesperson says that the ministry is going to launch preparations in September toward introducing the program from next year. According to the current scenario, first, a business corporation will be established to administer the program. Then, the company will dispatch its inspectors to the restaurants around the world wishing to be accredited. The inspectors will check whether the restaurant : 1) serves typical Italian dishes, 2) uses Italian olive oil or foodstuff for pasta dishes, 3) employs an Italian chef or a chef having finished Italian school for cooks, and so on. Finally, the company will issue a certificate to those restaurants meeting these requirements.

 

“Yí

 

gItalyfs Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry Certifies Italian Restaurants Worldwideh

 

The Italian Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry has recently revealed its plan to introduce a quality certification program whereby the country dispatches its inspectors to Italian restaurants all over the world to conduct research and issues certificates to the restaurants that provide "authentic Italian cuisine". The minister says the purpose of the new program is to get rid of such Italian restaurants that are decked with the Tricolore Italian flag but do not serve authentic Italian cuisine deserving their names of gItalian restaurantsh. Apparently, the ministryfs true intention is not only to sustain the countryfs fame as ga land of good foodh, but also to exploit the world wide Italian cuisine boom as leverage to boost the export of made-in-Italy local ingredients. 

 

A government spokesperson says that the ministry is going to launch preparations for the program in September toward before introducing the program in the from next year. According to the current scenario, first, a business corporation will be established to administer the program. Then, the company will dispatch its inspectors to the restaurants around the world wishing to be accredited. The inspectors will check whether the restaurant : 1) serves typical Italian dishes, 2) uses Italian olive oil or and foodstuff for pasta dishes, 3) employs an Italian chef or a chef having finished Italian school for cooks, and so on. Finally, the company will issue a certificate to those restaurants meeting these requirements.

 

ƒRƒƒ“ƒg

 

“ā—e‚Ė‚·‚Ũ‚Ä‚Š‚í‚Đ‚č‚Ü‚·B

 

“YíŒã‚Ė•ķÍ

 

gItalyfs Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry Certifies Italian Restaurants Worldwideh

 

The Italian Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry has recently revealed its plan to introduce a quality certification program whereby the country dispatches its inspectors to Italian restaurants all over the world to conduct research and issues certificates to the restaurants that provide "authentic Italian cuisine". The minister says the purpose of the new program is to get rid of such Italian restaurants that are decked with the Tricolore Italian flag but do not serve authentic Italian cuisine deserving their names of gItalian restaurantsh. Apparently, the ministryfs true intention is not only to sustain the countryfs fame as ga land of good foodh, but also to exploit the world wide Italian cuisine boom as leverage to boost the export of made-in-Italy ingredients. 

 

A government spokesperson says that the ministry is going to launch preparations for the program in September before introducing the program in the  next year. According to the current scenario, first, a business corporation will be established to administer the program. Then, the company will dispatch its inspectors to the restaurants around the world wishing to be accredited. The inspectors will check whether the restaurant : 1) serves typical Italian dishes, 2) uses Italian olive oil and foodstuff for pasta dishes, 3) employs an Italian chef or a chef having finished Italian school for cooks, and so on. Finally, the company will issue a certificate to those restaurants meeting these requirements.

 

 

“ĮŽŌ‚Đ‚į‚Ė“Še@‚Uieco, 19 September 12j

 

"Ranking of Worldwide Italian Restaurants by Italian Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry"

 

The Italian Agriculture and Forestry Ministry announced recently their concept of introducing a gCertified Warrant Systemh in which auditors will be sent to check if restaurants offer gauthentic Italian tastesh for certification. Their reason for the new system is that many restaurants simply hoisting Italian flags but offer dishes far from Italian authenticity. However they do not only show their pride of being a ggourmet countryh but seem to target leading the worldwide Italian food boom to the export increase of Italian made ingredients. According to the ministryfs public relations, they officially start preparations in September and the introduction is targeted to commence next year. At this stage the concept includes establishing of a company to run the system.

 

The company sends out auditors to those restaurants all over the world who request grankingh to check if;

 

1)     the menu includes typical Italian dishes,

2)     ingredients such as olive oil or pasta are made in Italy, and

3)     any Italian chef or chefs graduated from Italian culinary schools is working in the restaurant.

 

If a restaurant satisfies the standard it will receive the certification seal.

 

“Yí

 

"Ranking of Worldwide Italian Restaurants Worldwide by Italian Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry"

 

The Italian Agriculture and Forestry Ministry announced recently that their concept of they would1  introduce ing the a gCertified Warrant SystemProgram for Italian Restaurantsh in which auditors will be sent to check if Italian restaurants offer gauthentic Italian food tastes.h for certification. The Ministry believes2 that Their reason for the new system program is necessary because that many so-called Italian restaurants simply hoisting Italian flags but offer dishes far from Italian authenticity. The Ministry wants to However they do not only show their pride of being a ggourmet countryh in the world but also use seem to target leading the current worldwide Italian food boom for to the increased export increase of Italian made ingredients. According to the mMinistryfs public relations department, they officially start the preparations of the program in September and the introduction is targeted to commence the program next year. At this stage the idea concept includes establishing of a company to run the program system.

 

The company sends out auditors to those Italian restaurants all over the world who request their  grankingh to and the auditors examine check if;

 

4)     the menu includes typical Italian dishes,

5)     the ingredients such as olive oil or pasta are made in Italy, and

6)     any Italian chef or chefs graduated from Italian culinary schools is working in the restaurant.

 

If a restaurant satisfies the above conditions, standard it will receive the certificate the certification seal.

 

ƒRƒƒ“ƒg

 

However they do not only show their pride of being a ggourmet countryh but seem to target leading the worldwide Italian food boom to the export increase of Italian made ingredients.‚Ė‚Æ‚ą‚ë‚Š•Š‚Đ‚č“ï‚Ē‚Å‚·‚Š•ķÍ‘S‘Ė‚Ė“ā—e‚Í‚í‚Đ‚č‚Ü‚·B

 

ˆę”Ę“I‚Étheir concept of introducing‚Æ‚Ē‚Ī‚æ‚Ī‚Č–žŽŒ‹å‚É‚·‚é‚æ‚čA“Yí‚Ė‚æ‚Ī‚ČŽåŒęA“ŪŽŒ‚Ė‚ ‚é•ķ‚Ė‚Ų‚Ī‚Š‚í‚Đ‚č‚â‚·‚Ē‚Å‚·B

 

‚ą‚ą‚āi‚Pj‚ĖƒRƒƒ“ƒg‚Æ“Ŋ—l‚É‚Č‚č‚Ü‚·B

 

“YíŒã‚Ė•ķÍ

 

"Ranking of Italian Restaurants Worldwide by Italian Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry"

 

The Italian Agriculture and Forestry Ministry announced recently that  they would introduce the  gCertified Warrant Program for Italian Restaurantsh in which auditors will be sent to check if Italian restaurants offer gauthentic Italian food.h  The Ministry believes that  the new program is necessary because  many so-called Italian restaurants simply hoist Italian flags but offer dishes far from Italian authenticity. The Ministry wants to not only show their pride of being a ggourmet countryh in the world but also use the current worldwide Italian food boom for  increased export of Italian  ingredients. According to the Ministryfs public relations department, they officially start the preparation of the program in September and  target to commence the program next year. At this stage the idea includes establishing a company to run the program .

 

The company sends out auditors to Italian restaurants all over the world who request their  grankingh and the auditors examine if;

 

7)     the menu includes typical Italian dishes,

8)     the ingredients such as olive oil or pasta are made in Italy, and

9)     any Italian chef or chef graduated from Italian culinary schools is working in the restaurant.

 

If a restaurant satisfies the above conditions,  it will receive the certificate .

 

 

“ĮŽŌ‚Đ‚į‚Ė“Še@‚TiLucca, 28 March 11j

 

Italy's Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry made an announcement to introduce a new system related food called "Government-certified System". The ministry will send researchers to Italian restaurants all the counties of the world. The restaurant will be certified when a restaurant serves "the taste of the real thing" to customers.

 

The minister of Agriculture and Forestry explained that there were a lot of fake Italian restaurants just flying Italy's flag. However, the Minister feels proud as "the country has national food culture " and seems to aim at increasing export of food stuffs produced in Italy riding the Italian cuisine boom.

 

Its spokesman said that the new system will be introduced from next year and start to prepare from this September.

 

The current framework is as follows. The Ministry establishes a company to implement the system first. And the company sends researchers to worldwide restaurants which hope to have a ranking. The researchers check some points such as <1> Does a menu have typical Italian dishes? <2> Are food stuffs, olive oil or pasta, made in Italy? <3> Is a chef working in a restaurant Italian? Or are there chefs who graduated from cooking schools in Italy?  When a restaurant passes these points, the Ministry gives a certification which means pursuing the real Italian taste to the restaurant. 

 

“Yí

 

Italyfs Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry Certifies Italian Restaurants Worldwide1

 

Italy's Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry made an announcement to introduce a new systemp program2 related food called the "Government-c Restaurant Certification ertified Program System". The ministry will send researchers to Italian restaurants all over the counties of the world. The A restaurant will be certified when it a restaurant serves "the real Italian taste of the real thing" to customers.

 

The mMinister of Agriculture and Forestry explained that there were a lot of fake Italian restaurants that just flying the Italy's@Italian flag. However, the Mminister feels proud of Italy as "the country has of great national food culture in the world " and seems to aim at increasing its exports of food stuffs produced in Italy riding on the waves of the Italian cuisine boom.

 

Its The ministryfs spokesman said that the new system ministry would start preparing for the program this September so that the program could will be introduced from next year and start to prepare from this September3.

 

The current framework for the program is as follows. The Mministry establishes a company to implement the program system first. And the company sends researchers to Italian worldwide restaurants worldwide which want to receive a certificate hope to have a ranking. The researchers check some points such as <1> Does a menu have typical Italian dishes? <2> Is Are food stuffs such as, olive oil and or pasta, made in Italy? <3> Does a restaurant have Is a chef working in an restaurant Italian chef? Or or are there a chefs who has graduated from a cooking schools in Italy?  When the a restaurant passes these qualifications points, the Mministry will gives the restaurant a certificatione which says that restaurant serves means pursuing the real Italian taste to the restaurant.

 

ƒRƒƒ“ƒg

 

‰p•ķ‚Ė“ā—e‚Ė‘‚Ä‚Š‚í‚Đ‚č‚Ü‚·B

 

1.       ŒĐo‚ĩ‚ā‚‚Ŋ‚Ä‚­‚ū‚ģ‚ĒB

 

2.       a system‚Ía financial system‚Æ‚Ē‚Ī‚æ‚Ī‚É‚ā‚Á‚ƍL”͈͂Ė‚ā‚Ė‚ðŽw‚ĩ‚Ü‚·B‚ą‚ą‚Å‚Ía program‚Š‚æ‚Ē‚Å‚ĩ‚å‚ĪB

 

3.       ŽžŒn—ņ‚ɉˆ‚Á‚―ā–ū‚Ė‚Ų‚Ī‚Š‚í‚Đ‚č‚â‚·‚Ē‚Å‚ĩ‚å‚ĪB

 

“YíŒã‚Ė•ķÍ

 

Italyfs Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry Certifies Italian Restaurants Worldwide

 

Italy's Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry made an announcement to introduce a new program  called the "Government Restaurant Certification  Program ". The ministry will send researchers to Italian restaurants all over the world. A restaurant will be certified when it serves "the real Italian taste" to customers.

 

The Minister of Agriculture and Forestry explained that there were a lot of fake Italian restaurants that just fly the Italian flag. However, the minister feels proud of Italy as "the country of great food culture in the world" and seems to aim at increasing its exports of food stuff riding on the waves of the Italian cuisine boom.

 

The ministryfs spokesman said that the ministry would start preparing for the program this September so that the program could  be introduced next year.

 

The current framework for the program is as follows. The ministry establishes a company to implement the program first. And the company sends researchers to Italian restaurants worldwide which want to receive a certificate. The researchers check  points such as <1> Does a menu have typical Italian dishes? <2> Is  food stuff such as olive oil and  pasta made in Italy? <3> Does a restaurant have an Italian chef or a chef who has graduated from a cooking school in Italy?  When the  restaurant passes these qualifications, the ministry will gives the restaurant a certificate which says that restaurant serves  the real Italian taste .

 

 

“ĮŽŌ‚Đ‚į‚Ė“Še@‚SiP&C, 4 Sept 08j

 

"The Ministory of Agriculture and Forestry of Itary Grade Itarian Restaurants All Over the World"

 

According to a official report of the Ministry of Agliculture and Forestry of Itary, it would introduce Itarian Restaurants Certification System which send investigators to Itarian restaurants all over the world to certify that they serve "real Itarian foods". The Minister said that the reason of the system introduction was pretension of Itary to enjoy delicious foods and that because there was much restaurants which were indeed adorned with the national flags of Itary but served inadmissible foods as Itarian all over the world. But there was also an intention of government of Itary to take advantage of recent world boom of Itarian foods and to increase export of grocerries made in Itary.

 

Press officer of the Ministry said that the government would introduce the system from next year and start a full-dress preparation from this September. He also explained the system concreately that

 

A) the government would establish a corporation to manage the system

 

B) the corporation would send staffs to restaurants all over the world which hope to be graded

 

C) the staffs would investigate that

 

1) there are representative Itarian foods in the restaurant's menus

 

2) grossaries such as olive oils or pastas made in Itary are used in the restaurants

 

3) there are Itarian chef or chef who graduated from cooking school in Itary in the restaurants.

 

D) When the restaurants fulfill these criteria, the corporation award them certification mark.

 

“Yí

 

"The Ministory Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry of Itary Italy Grade Certifies Itarian Italian Restaurants All Over the World"

 

According to an official report of the Ministry of AglicultureAgriculture and Forestry of ItaryItaly, it the Ministry will would introduce the Itarian Italian Restaurants Certification Program System which will send investigators to Itarian Italian restaurants all over the world and to certify the restaurants that they serve "real Itarian Italian foods". The Minister said that the reason of for the program system introduction was to promote Italian restaurants where people pretension of Itary to could enjoy really delicious Italian foods and distinguish them from that because there was much many so called gItalianh restaurants which were indeed adorned with the national flags of ItaryItaly but served inadmissible foods that could not be accepted as Itarian Italian all over the world1. But there was also an intention of The gGovernment of Itary Italy also intends to take advantage of the recent world boom of Itarian Italian foods and to increase export of grocerries groceries made in Itary Italy.

 

The Ppress officer of the Ministry said that the government would introduce start preparing for the system program from this September so that the program could start next year and start a full-dress preparation from this September. He also explained the main points of the program system concreately that as follows:

 

A) tThe government would establishes2 a corporation to manage the system program.

 

B) tThe corporation would sends staffs its investigators to restaurants all over the world which hope want to be certified graded.

 

C) tThe staffs investigator would  investigate examines whether or not:  that

 

1) there are representative ItarianItalian foods in on the restaurant's menus

 

2) grossaries groceries such as olive oils or pastas are made in Itary Italy are used in the restaurants, and

 

3) there is an are Itarian Italian chef or a chef who has graduated from a cooking school in Itary Italy in the restaurants.

 

D) When the restaurants fulfills these criteria, the corporation awards it a certificate them certification mark.

 

ƒRƒƒ“ƒg

 

‰p•ķ‚Ė“ā—e‚ĖŠT—Š‚Í‚í‚Đ‚č‚Ü‚·‚ŠAthe reason of the system introduction was pretension of Itary to enjoy delicious foods‚Č‚ĮA‚í‚Đ‚į‚Č‚Ē‚Æ‚ą‚ë‚Š‚ ‚č‚Ü‚·Bƒ~ƒXƒXƒyƒŠƒ“ƒO‚Š”‰ÓŠ‚ ‚č‚Ü‚·‚ŠAƒXƒyƒŠƒ“ƒO‚͉pė•ķ‚ĖŠî–{‚Č‚Ė‚Å’ˆÓ‚ĩ‚Ä‚­‚ū‚ģ‚ĒBƒ[ƒ‹ƒ\ƒtƒg‚ɂ̓Xƒyƒ‹ƒ`ƒFƒbƒJ[‚Ė–ģ‚Ē‚ā‚Ė‚Š‚ ‚č‚Ü‚·B‚Ü‚ļ‚̓Xƒyƒ‹ƒ`ƒFƒbƒJ[‚Ė‚ ‚郏[ƒvƒ‚ʼnp•ķ‚ðėŽ‚ĩ‚―‚Đ‚įƒ[ƒ‹ƒ\ƒtƒg‚ɉp•ķ‚ðƒRƒs[‚·‚é‚ƃ~ƒXƒXƒyƒŠƒ“ƒO‚ð–h‚Ū‚ą‚Æ‚Š‚Å‚Ŧ‚Ü‚·B

 

1.       ‚ą‚ņ‚Ȑā–ū‚É‚ĩ‚―‚į‚Į‚Ī‚Å‚ĩ‚å‚Ī‚ЁB

 

2.       ðŒ‚Í‚ą‚ę‚Đ‚į‚ā‚ ‚Ä‚Í‚Ü‚é‚Ė‚ÅŒŧÝŒ`‚Å•\Œŧ‚·‚é‚Æ‚æ‚Ē‚Å‚ĩ‚å‚ĪB

 

“YíŒã‚Ė•ķÍ

 

"The  Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry of  Italy Certifies Italian Restaurants All Over the World"

 

According to an official report of the Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry of Italy, the Ministry will  introduce the Italian Restaurants Certification Program  which will send investigators to  Italian restaurants all over the world and certify the restaurants that serve "real  Italian foods". The Minister said that the reason for the program was to promote Italian restaurants where people  could enjoy really delicious Italian foods and distinguish them from many so called gItalianh restaurants which were indeed adorned with the national flags of Italy but served foods that could not be accepted as  Italian. The Government of Italy also intends to take advantage of the recent world boom of  Italian foods and increase export of groceries made in Italy.

 

The press officer of the Ministry said that the government would start preparing for the program  this September so that the program could start next year. He also explained the main points of the program as follows:

 

A) The government establishes a corporation to manage the program.

 

B) The corporation sends its investigators to restaurants all over the world which want to be certified.

 

C) The investigator  examines whether or not: 

 

1) there are representative Italian foods on the restaurant's menu

 

2)  groceries such as olive oil or pasta are made in Italy, and

 

3) there is an Italian chef or a chef who has graduated from a cooking school in Italy .

 

D) When the restaurant fulfills these criteria, the corporation awards it a certificate .

 

 

“ĮŽŌ‚Đ‚į‚Ė“Še@‚RiKalo, 24 March 08j

 

"Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry of Italy to rate Italian restaurants overseas"

 

The Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry of Italy is currently considering the introduction of a new system to send experts to Italian restaurants overseas and certify whether they provide genuine Italian cuisine.

 

The Minister explains that a large number of Italian restaurants overseas are billing themselves as an Italian restaurant even though they don't provide genuine Italian cuisine and just display Italian flags in their restaurants.

 

The reason why they plan to introduce the system is that Italy prides itself on being the country of food. Besides, they seek to promote the export of Italian cooking ingredients amid the increasing popularity of Italian food across the world.

 

A Ministry spokesman says that they will start preparing for the certification system in September to put it into effect next year. The Ministry plans to establish a corporation that operates the certification system and send experts to Italian restaurants overseas when they apply for a certificate. The experts evaluate them on the following rating conditions:

 

1.  They serve typical Italian cuisine, 2.  They use imported Italian ingredients such as olive oil and pasta and 3.  They have Italian chefs or chefs who graduated from cooking school in Italy.

 

A certificate will be awarded to the restaurants when these conditions are met, the Ministry says.

  

“Yí

 

"Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry of Italy to rate Italian restaurants overseas"

 

The Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry of Italy is currently considering the introduction of a new system program to send inspectors1 experts to Italian restaurants overseas and certify examine2 whether or not these restaurants can be certified as those providing they provide the genuine Italian cuisine.

 

The Minister explains that a large number of Italian restaurants overseas are billing themselves as an Italian restaurant even though they don't provide the genuine Italian cuisine and yet they just display Italian flags in their restaurants.

 

The reason why they plan to introduce the system program is that Italy prides itself on being the country of food. Besides, they seek to promote the export of Italian cooking ingredients amid the increasing popularity of Italian food across the world.

 

A Ministry spokespersonman3 says that they the Ministry will start preparing for the certification system program in September to and  put it into effect next year. The Ministry plans to establish a corporation that operates the certification system program and send experts inspectors to Italian restaurants overseas when they apply for a certificate. The experts inspectors evaluate them on the following rating conditions:

 

1.     They serve the typical Italian cuisine,

2.     They use imported Italian ingredients such as olive oil and pasta imported from Italy, and

3.     They have Italian chefs or chefs who graduated from cooking schools in Italy.

 

A certificate will be awarded to the restaurants when these conditions are met, the Ministry says.

 

ƒRƒƒ“ƒg

 

“ā—e‚Ė‘‚Ä‚Š‚í‚Đ‚č‚Ü‚·B’i—Ž‚ā“KØ‚Å‚·BðŒ‚ð‰Óð‘‚Ŧ‚É‚ĩ‚―‚Ė‚Å‚í‚Đ‚č‚â‚·‚­‚Č‚č‚Ü‚ĩ‚―BƒpƒXƒ^‚Í–k•Ä‚Å“úí“I‚ȐH‚Ũ•Ļ‚É‚Č‚Á‚Ä‚Ē‚é‚Ė‚ŁA‚Ī‚Á‚Đ‚čƒCƒ^ƒŠƒAŒīŽY‚Å‚ ‚é‚ą‚Æ‚ð–Y‚ęA–{‰Æ‚ĖƒCƒ^ƒŠƒAl‚ŠƒpƒXƒ^‚ð‚æ‚­H‚Ũ‚é‚Ė‚ðŒĐ‚Ä‹Á‚Ē‚―‚ą‚Æ‚Š‚ ‚č‚Ü‚·B

 

1.     HÞ‚ĖŒŸļ‚ā‚·‚é‚æ‚Ī‚Č‚Ė‚Åinspectors‚É‚ĩ‚Ü‚ĩ‚―B

 

2.     Certify whether or not ~‚Æ‚Í‘ą‚Ŧ‚Ü‚đ‚ņB

 

3.     Gender–â‘č‚Ė‰e‹ŋ‚Åspokesperson‚Æ‚·‚é‚ą‚Æ‚Š‘―‚Ē‚æ‚Ī‚Å‚·B

 

“YíŒã‚Ė•ķÍ

 

"Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry of Italy to rate Italian restaurants overseas"

 

The Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry of Italy is currently considering the introduction of a new program to send inspectors to Italian restaurants overseas and examine whether or not these restaurants can be certified as those providing the genuine Italian cuisine.

 

The Minister explains that a large number of Italian restaurants overseas are billing themselves as an Italian restaurant even though they don't provide the genuine Italian cuisine and yet they display Italian flags in their restaurants.

 

The reason why they plan to introduce the program is that Italy prides itself on being the country of food. Besides, they seek to promote the export of Italian cooking ingredients amid the increasing popularity of Italian food across the world.

 

A Ministry spokesperson says that the Ministry will start preparing for the certification program in September and put it into effect next year. The Ministry plans to establish a corporation that operates the certification program and send inspectors to Italian restaurants overseas when they apply for a certificate. The inspectors evaluate them on the following conditions:

 

1.     They serve the typical Italian cuisine,

2.     They use ingredients such as olive oil and pasta imported from Italy, and

3.     They have Italian chefs or chefs who graduated from cooking schools in Italy.

 

A certificate will be awarded to the restaurants when these conditions are met, the Ministry says.

 

 

“ĮŽŌ‚Đ‚į‚Ė“Še@‚QiYASUKUN, 2 November 06j

 

 "Italy Government Will Rank Italian Restaurants In The World"

 

Italy ministry of Agriculture And Forestry has announced the plan for the introduction of "authorizing system", on which researchers visit an Italian restaurant and clarify whether the restaurant serve "genuine Italian food" or not.

 

"There are plenty of restaurants, which don't serve genuine Italian food and just display Italian flags" said the Minister of Agriculture and Forestry. But his claim derived not only from self-confidence as Italy is "the country of food", but from intention to take advantage of the recent would-wide Italian food boom to increase the export amounts of domestic ingredients. 

 

The press secretary explained that the Ministry will start in September to prepare for the introduction of this system next year. So far, it has been decided that the Ministry will establish a stock company that can operate this new system at first. And then the company will send researchers to restaurants all over the world which apply for "being authorized" . They will check several points. For example, <1> Are there typical Italian dishes on menu? <2> Are some ingredients of food such as olive oil and pasta from Italy? <3> Are there Italian cooks or chefs who graduated from Italian cooking school? If such points satisfy, the Ministry will give a certification that authorize that the restaurant is excellent.

  

“Yí

 

"Italyian Government Will Rank Certify1 Italian Restaurants In The World"

 

The Italy mMinistry of Agriculture And Forestry of Italy has announced the a plan for the introduction of "authorizing certification system",2 on which sends3 a researchers visit to an Italian restaurant and clarifyies whether the restaurant serves "genuine Italian food dishes" or not.

 

"There are plenty of Italian restaurants, which don't serve genuine Italian food and just display Italian flags," said the Minister of Agriculture and Forestry. But his claim was derived not only from Italian pride that self-confidence4 as Italy is "the country of food", but also from the intention to take advantage of the recent wouldworld-wide boom of Italian food boom  and5 to increase the exports of amounts of domestic Italian ingredients. 

 

The press secretary of the Ministry explained that the Ministry will would6 start in September to prepareing for the introduction of this system this September so that program could be operating next year7. So far, it has been decided that the Ministry will establish a stock company that can operate this new system at first. And then the company will send researchers to Italian restaurants all over the world which apply for certification "being authorized" . They will check several points. For example, <(1)>8 Are there typical Italian dishes on the menu? <(2>) Are some ingredients of food such as olive oil and pasta imported from Italy?  <(3>) Are there Italian cooks chefs9 or chefs who graduated from an Italian cooking school? If such points are satisfyied, the Ministry will give the restaurant a certification certificate10 that authorize says that the restaurant is excellent serves genuine Italian dishes11.

 

ƒRƒƒ“ƒg

 

1.       rank‚͈ę”ԁA“ņ”ԁAãA’†A‰šA‚Č‚Į‚Ė‚æ‚Ī‚ÉˆĘ‚ð•t‚Ŋ‚é‚ą‚Æ‚Å‚·‚ˁB‚ą‚ą‚ł́u–{•Ļ‚Ė–Ąv‚Đ‚Į‚Ī‚Đ‚Ė”ŧ’f‚Å‚·‚Đ‚įcertify”F’č‚·‚é‚Š‚æ‚Ē‚Å‚ĩ‚å‚ĪB

 

2.       ŠÖŒW‘ã–žŽŒ‚ĖŒĀ’č—p–@‚É‚ĩ‚Ü‚·B‚ą‚ą‚ɃRƒ“ƒ}‚ð‚Ē‚ę‚Ä”ņŒĀ’č—p–@‚É‚·‚é‚ƁAu‚ŧ‚ĩ‚Ä‚ą‚ĖƒVƒXƒeƒ€‚́`v‚Æ“ā—e‚ŠØ‚ę‚Ä‚ĩ‚Ü‚Ī‚Ė‚Å•sŽĐ‘R‚Å‚·B

 

3.       the system under which a researcher (examiner) visits an Italian restaurant‚Æ‚ĩ‚Ä‚Ý‚Ü‚ĩ‚―‚ŠA‚Į‚Ī‚ā‚ĩ‚Á‚­‚č‚ĩ‚Ü‚đ‚ņBŠÖŒW‘ã–žŽŒ‚ðŽåŒę‚É‚ĩ‚Äthe system that sends a researcher ~‚Æ ‚·‚é‚ÆŠČ’P‚Č•ķ‚É‚Č‚č‚Ü‚·B

 

4.       self-confidence in the belief that ~uƒCƒ^ƒŠƒA‚͐H‚Ė‘‚ūv‚Æ‚Ē‚ĪM”O‚É‚―‚Ē‚·‚éŽĐMB‚ą‚ę‚ā‚Į‚Ī‚ā‚ĩ‚Á‚­‚č‚ĩ‚Ü‚đ‚ņBItalian pride that Italy is the country of food uƒCƒ^ƒŠƒA‚͐H‚Ė‘v‚ū‚Æ‚Ē‚ĪƒCƒ^ƒŠƒA‚Ėƒvƒ‰ƒCƒhA‚Ė‚Ų‚Ī‚Š‚æ‚Ē‚Å‚ĩ‚å‚ĪB

 

5.       take advantage of the Italian boom to increase exports‚Å‚ā‚æ‚Ē‚Å‚·‚ŠAtake advantage of the Italian boom and to increase exports‚Æand‚ð‚Ē‚ę‚é‚Æ‚í‚Đ‚č‚â‚·‚­‚Č‚č‚Ü‚·B

 

6.       “ŪŽŒ‚ĖŽž§‚Ėˆę’v‚ʼnߋŽŒ`‚É‚ĩ‚Ü‚·B

 

7.       the Ministry would start putting together this system in this September in order to prepare for the introduction operation of this system next year. ‚Æ‚ā•\Œŧ‚Å‚Ŧ‚Ü‚·Bstart‚ĖŽŸ‚ɉ―‚ðƒXƒ^[ƒg‚·‚é‚Ė‚Đ–Ú“IŒę‚Š•K—v‚Å‚·B

 

8.       <1> ‚Æ‚Ē‚Ī•\‹L–@‚ÍŒĐ‚Đ‚Ŋ‚Ü‚đ‚ņB’ʏíŽg‚í‚ę‚é(1)‚Š‚æ‚Ē‚Å‚ĩ‚å‚ĪB•ÛŽį“I‚Å‚·‚ŠA‰pė•ķuĀ‚͉p•ķ‚Ė‹K”Í‚Ė—ûK‚Č‚Ė‚ÅŒģ—ˆ•ÛŽį“I‚Č‚ā‚Ė‚Å‚·B

 

9.       cooks‚Æchefs‚Š‚Å‚Ä‚­‚é‚ƁA“Ŋ‚ķl‚Č‚Ė‚Đˆá‚Īl‚Č‚Ė‚ЍŽ—‚ĩ‚Ü‚·B‚Į‚ŋ‚į‚Đ‚É“ˆę‚ĩ‚Ü‚·B

 

10.    the Ministry will certify that ~ ‚Ü‚―‚Íthe Ministry will give a certificate that ~‚Æ‚ĩ‚Ü‚·B

 

11.    •ķÍ‚Ė“ā—e‚É‚ŧ‚Á‚Ä“Yí‚Ė‚æ‚Ī‚É‚·‚é‚Æ‚æ‚Ē‚Å‚ĩ‚å‚ĪBƒŒƒXƒgƒ‰ƒ“‚Š‚·‚΂į‚ĩ‚ĒA‚ū‚ŠƒCƒ^ƒŠƒ„—ŋ—‚ÆŒū‚Á‚Ä‚Ē‚é‚ā‚Ė‚ĖA’†g‚Í‚·‚΂į‚ĩ‚Ē“ú–{—ŋ—‚ū‚Á‚―AƒCƒ^ƒŠƒ„­•{‚Æ‚ĩ‚Ă͍Ē‚é‚Å‚ĩ‚å‚ĪB

 

“YíŒã‚Ė•ķÍ

 

"Italian Government Will  Certify Italian Restaurants In The World"

 

The Ministry of Agriculture And Forestry of Italy has announced a plan for the introduction of "certification system"  which sends a researcher  to an Italian restaurant and clarifies whether the restaurant serves "genuine Italian  dishes" or not.

 

"There are plenty of Italian restaurants which don't serve genuine Italian food and just display Italian flags," said the Minister of Agriculture and Forestry. But his claim was derived not only from Italian pride that Italy is "the country of food" but also from the intention to take advantage of the recent world-wide boom of Italian food and to increase exports of Italian ingredients. 

 

The press secretary of the Ministry explained that the Ministry would start preparing  this system this September so that program could be operating next year. So far, it has been decided that the Ministry will establish a company that can operate this new system. And then the company will send researchers to Italian restaurants all over the world which apply for certification. They will check several points. For example, (1) Are there typical Italian dishes on the menu? (2) Are some ingredients such as olive oil and pasta imported from Italy?  (3) Are there Italian chefs or chefs who graduated from an Italian cooking school? If such points are satisfied, the Ministry will give the restaurant a certificate that says that the restaurant serves genuine Italian dishes.

 

 

“ĮŽŌ‚Đ‚į‚Ė“Še@‚Pi‚ģ‚­‚įA15 Sept 02j

The Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry of the Government of Italy has revealed a plan to introduce an accreditation program for Italian restaurants worldwide. The Ministry is sending examiners to Italian restaurants to check if they are serving genuine Italian food.

 

The Ministry says, gThere are many so-called Italian restaurants in the world where only thing Italian is the Italian flag on display. It appears that the plan is motivated not only by the Italian pride in their cooking but also by the increasing opportunities for exporting Italian foodstuff and cooking ingredients as Italian cooking has become more and more popular worldwide.

 

The Ministry is going to start preparing for the plan in September this year so that it can implement the plan next year. According to the plan, the Ministry will first establishes a corporation that runs the accreditation program. The corporation will send an examiner to the restaurant which wants accreditation. The examiner will review the restaurant for three major points: (1) Does the menu include typical Italian dishes? (2) Does the restaurant use Italian foodstuff and ingredients for its cooking such as Italian olive oil and Italian pasta? (3) Does the restaurant have Italian chefs or chefs graduated from cooking schools in Italy? Once the restaurant satisfies these conditions, it will receive a certificate of accreditation from the corporation.

 

“Yí

The Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry of the Government of Italy has revealed a plan to introduce an accreditation program for Italian restaurants in the world worldwide1. The Ministry is  will be sending examiners to Italian restaurants to check if they are serving real genuine2 Italian food.

The Ministry says, gThere are many so-called Italian restaurants in the world where the only thing Italian is the Italian flag on display3. It appears that the plan is motivated not only by the Italian pride in their cooking4 but also by the increasing opportunities for exporting Italian foodstuffs and cooking ingredients as since Italian cooking has become more and more popular worldwide.

 

The Ministry is going to start preparing for the plan in September this year so that it can implement the plan next year. According to the plan, the Ministry will first establishes a corporation that runs for the accreditation program. The corporation will send an examiner to the restaurant which that wants accreditation.

 

The examiner will review the restaurant for using three major points criteria:

 

(1)   Does the menu include typical Italian dishes?

(2)   Does the restaurant use Italian foodstuffs and ingredients for its cooking such as Italian olive oil and Italian pasta?

(3)   Does the restaurant have Italian chefs or chefs graduated from cooking schools in Italy?

 

Once the restaurant satisfies these three conditions criteria, it will receive a certificate of accreditation from the corporation.

 

ƒRƒƒ“ƒg

‚ģ‚­‚į‚ģ‚ņ‚Ė“Še—á‚Í“ú–{•ķ‚Ė“ā—e‚É‚ŧ‚Á‚āA‚í‚Đ‚č‚â‚·‚Ē‰p•ķ‚Å•\Œŧ‚ĩ‚Ä‚ ‚č‚Ü‚·BŽ‚é‚Ų‚ĮA‚ÆŽv‚Á‚―•\Œŧ‚Š‚Ē‚­‚‚Ђ ‚č‚Ü‚ĩ‚―B

 

1.       uĒŠE’†‚Ėv‚Í worldwide‚Æ‚Ē‚Ī•›ŽŒ‚ðŽg‚Ī‚Æ•Ö—˜‚Å‚·B

2.       Real Italian food‚Å‚ā—Į‚Ē‚ÆŽv‚Ē‚Ü‚·‚ŠA–k•Ä‚ŃŒƒXƒgƒ‰ƒ“‚ĖL‚É‚æ‚­genuine Japanese food‚Æ‚Đgenuine Greek restaurant‚Æ‚Đ‘‚Ē‚Ä‚ ‚é‚Ė‚Ågenuine‚É‚ĩ‚Ü‚ĩ‚―B

3.       uƒCƒ^ƒŠƒA‘Šø‚Šü‚Á‚Ä‚ ‚é‚ū‚Ŋ‚ŃCƒ^ƒŠƒAƒ“‚Æ‚ÍŒū‚Ē“ï‚ĒƒŒƒXƒgƒ‰ƒ“‚Š‚Í‚Ņ‚ą‚Á‚Ä‚Ē‚év‚ð There are many so-called Italian restaurants in the world where the only thing Italian is the Italian flag on display.‚Æ•\Œŧ‚ĩ‚―‚Ė‚Í‚Ī‚Ü‚Ē‚Å‚·‚ˁB

4.       uuH‚Ė‘v‚Æ‚ĩ‚Ä‚ĖŽĐ•‰v‚ð“ā—e‚ðl‚Ķ‚Ä the Italian pride in their cooking‚Æ‚ĩ‚―‚Ė‚ā—Į‚Đ‚Á‚―‚ÆŽv‚Ē‚Ü‚·B

 

criterion (•Ą”Œ`‚Ícriteria)

 

criterion/criteria i•W€AŠî€j‚̓rƒWƒlƒX•ķ‘‚Å—Į‚­Žg‚Ē‚Ü‚·B•Ą”Œ`‚Š•Ą‹K‘Ĩ‚ČŒ`‚ð‚ĩ‚Ä‚Ē‚Ü‚·‚Đ‚į’ˆÓB

—á

Prior to conducting job interviews, we should establish a set of criteria which all of us are going to use.

Education investment should not be judged by financial criteria.

I failed in this business because I had neglected to apply the same criterion which I applied to all other businesses.

 

“YíŒã‚Ė•ķÍ

 

The Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry of the Government of Italy has revealed a plan to introduce an accreditation program for Italian restaurants worldwide. The Ministry  will be sending examiners to Italian restaurants to check if they are serving genuine Italian food.

 

The Ministry says, "There are many so-called Italian restaurants in the world where the only thing Italian is the Italian flag on display. It appears that the plan is motivated not only by the Italian pride in their cooking but also by the increasing opportunities for exporting Italian foodstuffs and cooking ingredients since Italian cooking has become more and more popular worldwide.

 

The Ministry is going to start preparing for the plan in September this year so that it can implement the plan next year. According to the plan, the Ministry will first establishes a corporation for the accreditation program. The corporation will send an examiner to the restaurant that wants accreditation.

 

The examiner will review the restaurant using three major criteria:

 

(1)   Does the menu include typical Italian dishes?

(2)   Does the restaurant use Italian foodstuffs and ingredients for its cooking such as Italian olive oil and Italian pasta?

(3)   Does the restaurant have Italian chefs or chefs graduated from cooking schools in Italy?

 

Once the restaurant satisfies these three  criteria, it will receive a certificate of accreditation from the corporation.

 

 

—ûK–â‘č@‚T@u‘‚­‚ą‚Æ‚ðdŽ‹‚·‚é‹ģˆįv@

 

‰ŋ’lŠÏ‚Š‘―—l‰ŧ‚ĩ‚―Œŧ‘ã‚Ė“ú–{ŽÐ‰ï‚É‚Ļ‚Ē‚ẮAŽĐ•Š‚ĖˆÓŒĐ‚ðŒū—t‚Ř_—“I‚É‘žl‚É“`‚Ķ‚é•K—v‚Š‚ ‚č‚Ü‚·B“ú–{l‚Í‚Ē‚Ü‚Ü‚Å”äŠr“I‹Ïˆę‚ȉŋ’lŠÏ‚ðŽ‚Á‚Ä‚Ē‚―‚Ė‚ŁA‘ŠŽč‚ĖŽĐ•Š‚Æ“Ŋ‚ķŒoŒą‚É‘i‚Ķ‚é‚ą‚Æ‚É‚æ‚Á‚āAŒū—t‚ŏڂĩ‚­Œū‚Ē•\‚í‚·•K—v‚Š‚ ‚č‚Ü‚đ‚ņ‚Å‚ĩ‚―B

 

˜_—“I‚ÉŽĐ•Š‚ĖˆÓŒĐ‚ðŒū‚Á‚―‚čA‘‚Ē‚―‚č‚·‚é‚ą‚Æ‚ðŠwZ‹ģˆį‚Å‚ā‚Á‚ƏdŽ‹‚·‚Ũ‚Ŧ‚ū‚ÆŽv‚Ē‚Ü‚·B‚ĩ‚Đ‚ĩ‹}‚É“ú–{l‚Ėķ“k‚Ɂu‚Í‚ĒAƒfƒBƒXƒJƒbƒVƒ‡ƒ“‚ð‚ĩ‚Č‚ģ‚Ēv‚Æ‚Ē‚Á‚Ä‚ā‚Č‚Đ‚Č‚Đ“ï‚ĩ‚Ē‚Å‚ĩ‚å‚ĪB‚ŧ‚ą‚ŁA‚Ü‚ļƒCƒMƒŠƒXŒ^‹ģˆį‚Ė“ą“ü‚Š‚Ē‚Ē‚Ė‚ł́A‚ƍl‚Ķ‚Ü‚·BƒAƒƒŠƒJ‚Å‚ÍŒû“Š‚Å‚Ė‹c˜_‚Š’†S‚Å‚·‚ŠAƒCƒMƒŠƒX‚͏‘‚­‚ą‚Æ‚ðdŽ‹‚ĩ‚Ü‚·B‚Č‚ņ‚Æ‚Đ“ú–{‚Ė‘åŠwˆČ‘O‚Ė‹ģˆį‚É‚Ü‚ļ˜_•ķ‚ð‘‚­‚ą‚Æ‚ð‘g‚ݍž‚ņ‚Å‚Ē‚Ŋ‚Č‚Ē‚ЁA‚ƍl‚Ķ‚Ä‚Ļ‚č‚Ü‚·B˜_•ķ‚Å‚ ‚ę‚ÎŽžŠÔ‚ð‚Đ‚Ŋ‚čl‚Ķ‚ę‚é‚ĩA–{‚ð“Į‚ņ‚Å’mŽŊ‚ā“ū‚į‚ę‚éA˜_—“IŽvl‚ā—{‚í‚ę‚éA‚Æ‚Ē‚Ī—˜“_‚Š‚ ‚č‚Ü‚·B

 

 

“ĮŽŌ‚Đ‚į‚Ė“Še@‚P‚Qi‚ū‚Á‚ŋA16 October 13j

 

It is essential to explain a opinion to others logically by words because the sense of value has diversed in the modern society of Japan. Thanks to the comparatively homogenous sense of it, Japanese had only to share the same experience with others, so it was unnecessary for Japanese to clarify the opinion by words. However, it may take a long time to ask Japanese students who does not train discussion to discuss something. So, it seems to me that the introduction of the educational way in England may be recommended. Though debate is prevalent in the US, England regards the writing skills as important. I am pondering how to introduce to the education before the stage of college the curriculum of writing in Japan. Spending time to ponder, acquiring knowledge by reading, and training a logical thinking are the advantages of writing education.

 

“Yí

 

gEducation with Emphasis on Writing Skills1

 

Nowadays, Iit is essential to explain a onefs opinion to others logically by words because the sense of value has become diversed in the modern society of Japan. Thanks to the comparatively homogenous nature of society2 sense of it, the Japanese could had only to share the same experience with others, so it was unnecessary for the Japanese to clarify their opinions to others by words. However, it may take a long time to ask Japanese students to express their opinions clearly by words because they are who does not trained in discussions to discuss something. SoTherefore, it seems to me that the introduction of the British style of educational way to Japan in England may be is recommended. Though a debate is prevalent in the American education system, US, the British England regards the writing skills as important in education. I am pondering how to introduce writing skills into to the education before the stage of college the curriculum before post-secondary education of writing in Japan. Spending time on to ponder, acquiring knowledge by reading, and training a logical way of thinking will be are the advantages of writing skill education.

 

ƒRƒƒ“ƒg

 

“ā—e‚Ė‚·‚Ũ‚Ä‚Š‚í‚Đ‚č‚Ü‚·‚ŠAƒRƒƒ“ƒgi‚Qj‚Ė‚Æ‚ą‚ë‚Í“Yí‚Ė‚æ‚Ī‚Č˜_—‚É‚Č‚č‚Ü‚·B

 

1.       ‘č–ž‚ð‚‚Ŋ‚Ä‚­‚ū‚ģ‚ĒB

 

2.       “ŊŽŋ‚ČŽÐ‰ï‚Č‚Ė‚ŁAŒoŒą‚ŠŽ—’Ę‚Á‚Ä‚Ē‚āAŒū—t‚É‚æ‚éÚŨ‚Ȑā–ū‚ðČ—Š‚Å‚Ŧ‚éA‚Æ‚Ē‚Ī˜_—‚Å‚·B

 

“YíŒã‚Ė•ķÍ

 

gEducation with Emphasis on Writing Skills

 

Nowadays, it is essential to explain onefs opinion to others logically by words because the sense of value has become diverse in the modern society of Japan. Thanks to the comparatively homogenous nature of society, the Japanese could  share the same experience with others, so it was unnecessary for the Japanese to clarify their opinions to others by words. However, it may take a long time to ask Japanese students to express their opinions clearly by words because they are not trained in discussions. Therefore, it seems to me that the introduction of the British style of education to Japan is recommended. Though a debate is prevalent in the American education system, the British regard writing skills important in education. I am pondering how to introduce writing skills into the curriculum before post-secondary education. Spending time on acquiring knowledge by reading and training a logical way of thinking will be the advantages of writing skills education.

 

 

“ĮŽŌ‚Đ‚į‚Ė“Še@‚P‚Pimxtomi, 28 July 13j

 

gEducation Emphasizing Written Communicationh

 

In contemporary Japanese society where people's sense of values has become so diversified, its people are required to logically communicate their thoughts to others by means of language. Japanese people, having sense of values relatively similar to each otherfs, have been so far able to avoid the burden of elaborating on their thoughts by appealing to listenersf tacit understanding from shared experiences. 

 

Nevertheless, it would be pretty hard to have Japanese students start debating right away because they are new to it. Therefore, it is recommended that British style of education be introduced first. In the UK, written communication skills are emphasized in clear contrast to the US method emphasizing oral communication skills. Would it not be possible to incorporate writing an essay into a pre-university education curriculum?@ Writing an essay allows students to take enough time to mull over their theme, which in turn helps them to acquire lots of knowledge from books and to develop the ability of thinking logically as well.

 

“Yí

 

gEducation Emphasizing Written Communicationh

 

In contemporary Japanese society where people's sense of values has become so diversified, its people are required to logically communicate their thoughts to others by means of language. In the past1, however, Japanese people, having had a sense of values that was relatively similar to each otherfs, were have been so far able to avoid the burden of elaborating on their thoughts by appealing to listenersf common sense tacit understanding formed from their shared experiences. 

 

Nevertheless, it will2 would be pretty hard for to have Japanese students to start debating right away at school because they are new to it. Therefore, it is recommended that the British style of education be introduced first. In the UK, written communication skills are emphasized in clear contrast to the US method of emphasizing oral communication skills. Will Would it not be possible to incorporate writing an essay into a pre-university education curriculum?@ Writing an essay allows students to take enough time to mull over their themes, which in turn helps them to acquire lots of knowledge from books and to develop the ability of thinking logically as well.

 

ƒRƒƒ“ƒg

 

“ā—e‚Ė‚·‚Ũ‚Ä‚Š‚í‚Đ‚č‚Ü‚·B

 

1.       In contemporary Japanese society‚ƑΔ䂷‚é‚Æ‚æ‚Ē‚Å‚ĩ‚å‚ĪB

 

2.       ŽĀÛ‚É‚ŧ‚Ī‚Å‚ĩ‚å‚Ī‚Đ‚įA•’Ę‚Éwill‚Š‚æ‚Ē‚Å‚ĩ‚å‚ĪB

 

“YíŒã‚Ė•ķÍ

 

gEducation Emphasizing Written Communicationh

 

In contemporary Japanese society where people's sense of value has become so diversified, people are required to logically communicate their thoughts to others by means of language. In the past, however, Japanese people, having had a sense of value that was relatively similar to each other, were  able to avoid the burden of elaborating on their thoughts by appealing to listenersf common sense  formed from their shared experiences. 

 

Nevertheless, it will  be pretty hard for Japanese students to start debating right away at school because they are new to it. Therefore, it is recommended that the British style of education be introduced first. In the UK, written communication skills are emphasized in clear contrast to the US method of emphasizing oral communication skills. Will it be possible to incorporate writing an essay into a pre-university education curriculum?@ Writing an essay allows students to take enough time to mull over their themes, which in turn helps them to acquire lots of knowledge from books and to develop the ability of thinking logically as well.

 

 

“ĮŽŌ‚Đ‚į‚Ė“Še@‚P‚Oieco, 20 August 12j

 

Education with High Regards for Writing 

 

In modern Japanese society where concept of values has become more versatile one needs to express his opinion in words logically to others. In the past as Japanese used to have somewhat uniformed concept of values no one needed to express opinions specifically in words as long as he/she reached out to the same experience the other person had.  However if you tell Japanese students today, gOk, you can start discussionh they will be lost not knowing how. Now I believe it is better to introduce the English style of education. While in the US people are engaged more in verbal discussion, British people consider writing more important. Why not incorporate essay writing into curriculum even before university education? In writing such you can benefit from taking time to think, gaining knowledge by reading books and practicing logical thinking.

 

“Yí

 

Education with an Emphasis on1 High Regards for Writing 

 

In modern Japanese society where the concept of values has become more diversified than before2 versatile, one needs to express his opinion logically in words logically to others. In the past as Japanese people3 used to have somewhat uniformed concept of values and no one needed to express his4 opinions specifically in words as long as he/she shared reached out to the same experience with the others person had.  However, if you tell Japanese students today, gOk, you can now start discussions,h they will be lost what they should do because they do5 not knowing how to hold discussions. Now I believe it is better to introduce the English style of education to Japan. While American in the US people are frequently engaged more6 in verbal discussions, British people consider writing more important than verbal discussions. Why do we not incorporate essay writing into the Japanese curriculum even before university education? In writing essays, such you can benefit learn from taking time to think, gaining knowledge by reading books and practicing logical thinking.

 

ƒRƒƒ“ƒg

 

“ā—e‚Ė‚·‚Ũ‚Ä‚Š‚í‚Đ‚č‚Ü‚·B

 

1.       high regard for ~‚Æ‚·‚é‚Ɓuˆę’i‚ƍ‚‚­ŒĐ‚Č‚·v‚Æ‚Ē‚Á‚―Šī‚ķ‚É‚Č‚č‚Ü‚·B‚ą‚ą‚Å‚Í‚ā‚Á‚Æ’†—§“I‚ȁu‹­’ē‚·‚év‚Å‚æ‚Ē‚Å‚ĩ‚å‚ĪB

 

2.       more‚Í”äŠr‹‰‚Č‚Ė‚ŁA’ʏí”äŠr‚Ė‘ΏۂŠ•K—v‚Å‚·B

 

3.       •ķ’†‚ÉBritish people‚Šo‚Ä‚­‚é‚Ė‚Å•\Œŧ‚ð“ˆę‚·‚é‚Æ‚æ‚Ē‚Å‚ĩ‚å‚ĪB

 

4.       ˆę‚‚Ėgender‚ɕ΂į‚Č‚Ē‚æ‚Ī‚É‚Æ‚Ē‚Ī——R‚Åhe/she, his/her, he or she, his or her‚Æ‚Ē‚Á‚―•\‹L–@‚Š‚ ‚č‚Ü‚·‚ŠA‚ą‚ą‚ł͏]—ˆ‚Ėhe, his‚Å—žŦ‚ðŠÜ—L‚·‚éA‚Æ‚Ē‚Ī•\‹L–@‚ð‚Æ‚č‚Ü‚ĩ‚―B

 

5.       “Še‚Ė‚Ü‚Ü‚Å‚ā“ā—e‚𐄑Š‚Å‚Ŧ‚Ü‚·‚ŠA“Yí‚Ė‚æ‚Ī‚Č•â‘Ŧā–ū‚ð“ü‚ę‚―•û‚Š“ĮŽŌ‚ɐeØ‚Å‚ĩ‚å‚ĪB

 

6.       ”äŠr‚Ė‘ΏۂŠ‚Í‚Á‚Ŧ‚č‚ĩ‚Č‚Ē‚Ė‚Å“Yí‚Ė‚æ‚Ī‚É‚ĩ‚Ü‚ĩ‚―B

 

“YíŒã‚Ė•ķÍ

 

Education with an Emphasis on1  Writing 

 

In modern Japanese society where the concept of value has become more diversified than before, one needs to express his opinion logically in words to others. In the past  Japanese people used to have somewhat uniformed concept of value and no one needed to express his opinion specifically in words as long as he shared  the same experience with  others.  However, if you tell Japanese students today, gOk, you can now start discussions,h they will be lost what they should do because they do not know how to hold discussions. I believe it is better to introduce the English style of education to Japan. While American people are frequently engaged in verbal discussions, British people consider writing more important than verbal discussions. Why do we not incorporate essay writing into the Japanese curriculum before university education? In writing essays,  you can  learn taking time to think, gaining knowledge by reading books and practicing logical thinking.

 

 

“ĮŽŌ‚Đ‚į‚Ė“Še@‚XiLucca, 3 April 11j

 

uEducation which emphasis on the writingv

 

In modern Japanese society, there increasingly grows diverse values among the people. It is necessary for present generation to talk to other people about their mind logically by their own word. Up until now, we have understood one another to discus about the same experiences because we have fairly uniformed values. Also we have not been needed to express everything in words.

 

I believe that what people logically speak up and write about their opinions should emphasis more in education at school. But it seems to be hard for Japanese students to discuss about all kinds of topics when they face a discussion suddenly. My personal opinion is that introducing English style education would be better for Japanese students. English education spends much time writing, but American education likes talking than writing. I would like to add in writing an essay into Japanese school curriculum before getting in university in the future. It has many advantages such as taking time to think, getting knowledge from books and developing logical thinking.

 

“Yí

 

guEducation which with an emphasis on the writingvh

 

In modern Japanese society, peoplef values1 are there increasingly growsing diverse values among the people. Therefore, It is necessary for us2 present generation to talk tell what we think to others people about their mind logically with by our their own words. Up until now, we have understood each other one another without  too many words because to discus about we had the same experiences and because we have fairly uniformed values. Also we have not been needed to express everything in words.

 

But now I believe that we should emphasize how what people logically speak up and write about their opinions should emphasis more in education at school. But it seems to be hard for Japanese students to discuss about all kinds of topics when they face education with an emphasis on a discussions suddenly.

 

My personal opinion is that introducing the English style education would be better for Japanese students. English education spends much time on writing, but American education likes talking than writing. I would like to see that add in writing an essay is introduced into the Japanese school curriculum before students go to getting in university in the future. It has many advantages such as taking time to think, getting knowledge from books and developing logical thinking.

 

ƒRƒƒ“ƒg

 

‰p•ķ‚Ė“ā—e‚Ė‘‚Ä‚Š‚í‚Đ‚č‚Ü‚·B

 

1.       values‚ðŽåŒę‚É‚·‚é‚Æ•ķŒ^‚ŠŠČ’P‚É‚Č‚č‚Ü‚·B

 

2.       we‚ðŽg‚Ī‚Æ“ā—e‚Šg‹ß‚É‚Č‚č‚Ü‚·B

 

“YíŒã‚Ė•ķÍ

 

gEducation with an emphasis on writingh

 

In modern Japanese society, peoplef values are  growing diverse . Therefore, It is necessary for us to tell what we think to others logically with our own words. Up until now, we have understood each other without too many words because we had the same experience and  fairly uniformed values.

 

But now I believe that we should emphasize how people logically speak and writ their opinions  in education at school. But it seems to be hard for Japanese students to discuss about all kinds of topics when they face education with an emphasis on discussions suddenly.

 

My personal opinion is that introducing the English style education would be better for Japanese students. English education spends much time on writing, but American education likes talking than writing. I would like to see that writing an essay is introduced into the Japanese school curriculum before students go to university in the future. It has many advantages such as taking time to think, getting knowledge from books and developing logical thinking.

 

 

“ĮŽŌ‚Đ‚į‚Ė“Še@‚Wirikarika, 1 June 10j

 

Writing Oriented Education

 

In the modern Japanese society whose value judgment became diverse, it is essential to express own thought to others with logical manner. In the past, however, Japanese tended to have relatively uniform value judgment and therefore it was not that essential to explain own thought in detail but people could count on the similar experience of other people and did not have to explain the detail.

 

I think that Japanese should put more importance on improvement of expressing own thought in oral or writing, at school education stage. I think that Japanese students are not capable enough to have discussion. To deal with this issue, I would like to suggest introducing British educational model. American model focus more on oral discussion which could be difficult for Japanese students to incorporate, on the other hand, British model focus more on writing. I am wondering that Japanese could manage to incorporate short essay writing program into pre university level education. If it is short essay, Japanese students could enjoy the benefit to take times for composing, obtain new knowledge by searching books and improve logical thinking.

 

“Yí

 

Writing- Oriented Education

 

In the modern Japanese society whose value judgment has become became diverse, it is essential for an individual person1 to express his/her own thought to others in a with logical manner. In the past, however, the Japanese people tended to have a relatively uniform value system judgment and therefore it was not that essential  particularly important to explain their own thoughts in detail. They but people could count on the similar experience of other people and did not have to explain the details2 of their topics.

 

I think that the Japanese people should put more importance on the improvement of expressing their own thoughts when they speak and write3 in oral or writing, in the at school education curriculum stage. I donft think4 that Japanese students are not capable yet enough to improve logical thinking through have discussions. To deal with this issue, I would like to suggest introducing the British educational model. The American model focuses more on oral discussions which could be difficult for Japanese students to adopt incorporate, on the other hand, while the British model focuses more on writing. I am wondering if that the Japanese education curriculum could manage to incorporate writing short essays writing program into pre- university level education. If it is a short essay, Japanese students could enjoy the benefits of spending to take times on for composing  the essay, obtaining new knowledge by searching information in books and improveing logical thinking by expressing their ideas in writing .

 

ƒRƒƒ“ƒg

 

‰p•ķ‚Ė“ā—e‚Ė‘‚Ä‚Š‚í‚Đ‚č‚Ü‚·B‰p•ķ‚ł́A“ú–{•ķ‚ŏ‘‚ŦŽč‚Æ“Į‚ÝŽč‚ĖˆÃ–Ų‚Ė‹Ī’Ę’mŽŊ‚Æ‚Č‚Á‚Ä‚Ē‚é•”•Š‚ð•â‘Ŧā–ū‚·‚é‚Æ“ā—e‚Š‚í‚Đ‚č‚â‚·‚­‚Č‚č‚Ü‚·B‚ą‚Ė—ûK–â‘č‚ĖŽw“E‚·‚é‚Æ‚ą‚ë‚ðuƒOƒ[ƒoƒ‹‰ŧ‚ĩ‚―Œŧ‘ã‚Ė“ú–{ŽÐ‰ï‚É‚Ļ‚Ē‚ẮAŽĐ•Š‚ĖˆÓŒĐ‚ð‰pŒę‚Ř_—“I‚É‘žl‚É“`‚Ķ‚é•K—v‚Š‚ ‚č‚Ü‚·Bv‚ÆŠg’Ģ‚·‚ę‚΁A‰pė•ķ‚Í‚ą‚Ė˜_—“IŽvl‚ĖŒP—û‚ɖ𗧂ŋ‚Ü‚·B

 

1.       for A to do B‚ÆŽåŒę‚ð“ü‚ę‚é‚Æ‚í‚Đ‚č‚â‚·‚­‚Č‚č‚Ü‚·B

 

2.       the details‚Æ•Ą”Œ`‚ÅŽg‚Ē‚Ü‚·B

 

3.       when they speak and write‚Æ‚·‚é‚Æspeak‚Æwrite‚Š“Ŋ‚ķŒ`‚É‚ŧ‚ë‚Ē‚Ü‚·B

 

4.       ˆę”Ę“I‚ÉŒū‚Á‚āAI think it is not him.‚æ‚čI donft think it is him.‚ÆŽåß‚Ŕےč‚ĩ‚―‚Ų‚Ī‚Š‚Í‚Á‚Ŧ‚č‚ĩ‚Ü‚·B

 

“YíŒã‚Ė•ķÍ

 

Writing-Oriented Education

 

In the modern Japanese society whose value judgment has become diverse, it is essential for an individual person to express his/her own thought to others in a  logical manner. In the past,  the Japanese people tended to have a relatively uniform value system  and therefore it was not  particularly important to explain their own thoughts in detail. They could count on the similar experience of other people and did not have to explain the details of their topics.

 

I think that the Japanese people should put more importance on the improvement of expressing their own thoughts when they speak and write in the  education curriculum. I donft think that Japanese students are capable yet to improve logical thinking through discussions. To deal with this issue, I would like to suggest introducing the British model. The American model focuses more on oral discussions which could be difficult for Japanese students to adopt while the British model focuses more on writing. I am wondering if the Japanese education curriculum could manage to incorporate writing short essays into pre-university  education. If it is a short essay, Japanese students could enjoy the benefits of spending time on composing the essay, obtaining new knowledge by searching information in books and improving logical thinking by expressing their ideas in writing .

 

 

“ĮŽŌ‚Đ‚į‚Ė“Še@‚Vi‚ ‚·‚ЁA7 February 10j

 

"Education Emphasize Importance of Writing"

 

With the diversification of values among Japan society today, Japanese people need to speak coherently about their thoughts. Since they generally held the similar set of views, they didn't need to describe their detail thoughts to others, they were just enough to share the similar experiences as most people do. I believe that speaking and writing logically are the most important subjects for Japanese school system.  However, it is still hard to debate among Japanese students, so I suggest putting British education system which emphasizes writing in all public schools in Japan before entering college rather than the U.S. education system which emphasizes debates. Writing research papers would have students get considerable assets, such as reflecting their thoughts for a while, adding to their knowledge by reading books, and developing their thinking ability

 

“Yí

 

"Education With Emphasizes on Importance of Writing"

 

With the diversification of values among them Japan society today, Japanese people need to express speak coherently about their thoughts logically in speech and writing. In the past Since they generally held a the similar set of views, and they didn't need to express themselves clearly describe their detail thoughts to others,. tThey were just enough to shared the similar experiences and depended on them for communications as most people do.

 

I believe that speaking and writing logically are has become the most important subjects for the Japanese education school system now.  However, it is still hard for Japanese students to debate among Japanese students,. sSo, I suggest introducing putting the British approach education system which emphasizes writing rather than the American approach that emphasizes debating into the Japanese education system.

 

ideally, all public schools in Japan before entering college rather than the U.S. education system which emphasizes debates. students learn how to write an essay and a research paper before they come to university. Writing a research papers will would have advantages over others : students get considerable assets, such as they can  reflecting on their thoughts for a while,; they can acquire adding to their new  knowledge by reading books,; and they can developing the their thinking ability to think logically.

 

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‰p‘‚ƕč‘‚Ė‹ģˆį‚É‚Ļ‚Ŋ‚é˜_—“IŽvl‚ĖŒP—û‚Ė•û–@‚Ėˆá‚ĒB

 

‘æŽO’i—ŽF

‰p‘—Ž‚Ė‘‚­‚ą‚Æ‚Ė‹ģˆį‚Ė—DˆĘŦB

 

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“YíŒã‚Ė•ķÍ

 

"Education With Emphasis on  Writing"

 

With the diversification of values among them today, Japanese people need to express their thoughts logically in speech and writing. In the past  they generally held a  similar set of views and didn't need to express themselves clearly. They shared similar experiences and depended on them for communications .

 

I believe that speaking and writing logically has become the most important subject for the Japanese education  system now.  However, it is still hard for Japanese students to debate. So, I suggest introducing  the British approach which emphasizes writing rather than the American approach that emphasizes debating into the Japanese education system.

 

ideally,  students learn how to write an essay and a research paper before they come to university. Writing a research paper will have advantages over others:  they can reflect on their thoughts for a while; they can acquire new  knowledge by reading books; and they can develop the ability to think logically.

 

 

“ĮŽŌ‚Đ‚į‚Ė“Še@‚UiP&Q, 15 Sept 08j

 

gEducation that Make Much of Writingh

 

In Japan society of today, there are various values among people. So everyone must communicate his views logically with others. Because until now there are relatively uniform values among Japanese, they could communicate their views with others not through detailed explanations in words but through sympathy with their common experiences.

 

Therefore, even if teachers tell Japanese students gSo, letfs discuss with others ! g , it is difficult for students to do that. Now I propose to introduce British education system into Japan. Oral discussions are the central to US education, while documentary discussions are the central to British education. I hope for Japanese students, who donft enter universities yet, to have chance to write papers somehow. If they write papers, they can take advantages: 1)they read books and expand their knowledge. 2)they contemplate their views and develop them logically.

 

“Yí

 

gEducation that Places Emphasis on Make Much of Writingh

 

In Japan society of today, there are various values among held by people. So everyone must communicate his views logically with to others. Because uUntil1 now there are have  been relatively uniform standard values among Japanese, and they could communicate their views with others not through detailed explanations in words but through sympathy implicit references to with their common experiences.

 

Therefore, when even if2 teachers tell Japanese students, gSo, letfs discuss this issue with others ! g , it is difficult for students to do that so. Now I propose to introduce the British education system approach to education into Japan. Oral discussions are the central to the US approach to education, while documentary discussions expressing ideas clearly in writing3 is are the central to the British approach to education. I hope that for Japanese students learn the basic principles of writing before they go to university4, who donft enter universities yet, to have chance to write papers somehow. If they write papers a thesis, they can take advantages of the following : 1)  they read books and expand their knowledge., and 2) they contemplate examine what they are thinking their views and develop them their thought logically.

 

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1.       Because ~ ‚Æ‚·‚é‚ƈö‰ĘŠÖŒW‚ðq‚Ũ‚é•ķ‚Š—ˆ‚é‚žA‚Æ“ĮŽŌ‚ðg\‚Ķ‚ģ‚đ‚Ü‚·B‚ą‚ą‚Å‚Í•ķ‚Ė“ā—e‚ðand‚Å‚Â‚Č‚Ū‚ū‚Ŋ‚Ř_—ŠÖŒW‚Š‚í‚Đ‚č‚Ü‚·B

 

2.       Even if ~ u‚―‚Æ‚Ķ`‚ĩ‚―‚Æ‚ĩ‚Ä‚āv‚Å‚·‚ˁB‚ą‚ą‚Å‚Í’P‚Éwhen ~u `‚·‚é‚Ɓv‚Š“K“–‚Å‚ĩ‚å‚ĪB

 

3.       Documentary discussions ‚Í–Ę”’‚Ē•\Œŧ‚Å‚·‚ˁB‚ą‚ą‚Å‚Í’N‚Å‚ā‚í‚Đ‚é‚æ‚Ī‚ɁA“Yí‚Ė‚æ‚Ī‚Č•―–}‚Č•\Œŧ‚É‚ĩ‚Ä‚Ļ‚Ŧ‚Ü‚ĩ‚―B

 

4.       “ú–{Œę‚Ė•\Œŧ‚ɘf‚í‚ģ‚ę‚ļ‚É“ā—e‚ð‚Æ‚Á‚Ä‚ą‚ņ‚Č‚Ó‚Ī‚ÉŠČ’P‚É•\Œŧ‚·‚é‚Æ‚æ‚Ē‚Å‚ĩ‚å‚ĪB

 

“YíŒã‚Ė•ķÍ

 

gEducation that Places Emphasis on  Writingh

 

In Japan today, there are various values held by people. So everyone must communicate his view logically to others. Until now there have  been relatively standard values among Japanese and they could communicate with others not through detailed explanations in words but through implicit references to their common experiences.

 

Therefore, when teachers tell Japanese students, gSo, letfs discuss this issue! g  it is difficult for students to do so. I propose to introduce the British approach to education into Japan. Oral discussions are central to the US approach to education, while  expressing ideas clearly in writing is  central to the British approach to education. I hope that  Japanese students learn the basic principles of writing before they go to university. If they write  a thesis, they can take advantage of the following: 1)  they read books and expand their knowledge, and 2) they examine what they are thinking  and develop their thought logically.

 

 

“ĮŽŌ‚Đ‚į‚Ė“Še@‚SiKalo, 27 April 08j

 

"Schools should place emphasis on writing for better communication"

 

In the past, Japanese people had almost the same sense of values, so they could understand each other by implicitly appealing to their shared experience. They didn't need a lot of words in expressing their opinions. But now, their sense of values has been so diverse that they need to communicate their opinions logically and clearly.

 

In these circumstances, schools are required to provide students with opportunities to build up their oral communication skills. But introducing discussion-oriented courses popular in the U.S all at once will have little effect on students because they aren't used to have discussion.

 

Instead, I recommend the introduction of writing-oriented courses that has been common in Britain, where writing is considered an important skill. I suggest that schools should teach students how to write research papers before they get into college. Writing research papers has merits of thinking things through, gaining knowledge from reading and fostering the ability of logical thinking.

 

“Yí

 

"Schools should place emphasis on writing for better communication"

 

In the past, Japanese people had almost the same sense set of values1, so they could understand each other by implicitly appealing to their shared experience. They didn't need a lot of words in expressing their opinions. But now, their our2 sense of values have has become been so diverse diversified that they we need to communicate our their opinions logically and clearly.

 

In these circumstances, schools are required to provide students with opportunities to build up their oral communication skills. But introducing discussion-oriented courses popular in the U.S all at once will have little effect on students because they aren't used to have discussions.

 

Instead, I recommend the introduction of writing-oriented courses that has have been common in Britain, where writing is considered an as one of the most important skills for educated people3. I suggest that schools should teach students how to write research papers before they get into college. Writing research papers has merits of thinking things through, gaining knowledge from reading and fostering the ability of logical thinking.

 

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